Then I looked again at all the acts of 1oppression which were being done under the sun. And behold I saw the tears of the oppressed and that they had 2no one to comfort them; and on the side of their oppressors was power, but they had no one to comfort them.
References for Ecclesiastes 4:1
So 3I congratulated the dead who are already dead more than the living who are still living.
References for Ecclesiastes 4:2
But 4better off than both of them is the one who has never existed, who has never seen the evil activity that is done under the sun.
References for Ecclesiastes 4:3
I have seen that every labor and every 5skill which is done is the result of rivalry between a man and his neighbor. This too is 6vanity and striving after wind.
References for Ecclesiastes 4:4
The fool 7folds his hands and 8consumes his own flesh.
References for Ecclesiastes 4:5
One hand full of rest is 9better than two fists full of labor and striving after wind.
References for Ecclesiastes 4:6
Then I looked again at vanity under the sun.
There was a certain man without a dependent, having neither a son nor a brother, yet there was no end to all his labor. Indeed, 10his eyes were not satisfied with riches and he never asked, "And 11for whom am I laboring and depriving myself of pleasure?" This too is vanity and it is a 12grievous task.
References for Ecclesiastes 4:8
Two are better than one because they have a good return for their labor.
For if either of them falls, the one will lift up his companion. But woe to the one who falls when there is not another to lift him up.
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Furthermore, if two lie down together they keep warm, but 13how can one be warm alone?
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And if one can overpower him who is alone, two can resist him. A cord of three strands is not quickly torn apart.
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A 14poor yet wise lad is better than an old and foolish king who no longer knows how to receive instruction.
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For he has come 15out of prison to become king, even though he was born poor in his kingdom.
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I have seen all the living under the sun throng to the side of the second lad who replaces him.
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There is no end to all the people, to all who were before them, and even the ones who will come later will not be happy with him, for this too is 16vanity and striving after wind.
References for Ecclesiastes 4:16