Ezekiel 31 NAS

Pharaoh Warned of Assyria's Fate

1 In the 1eleventh * year, in the third month, on the first of the month, the word of the LORD came to me saying,

References for Ezekiel 31:1

2 "Son of man, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his 2hordes, 'Whom * are you like in your greatness?

References for Ezekiel 31:2

3 'Behold, Assyria was a 3cedar in Lebanon With beautiful branches and forest shade, And 4very high, And its top was among the clouds.

References for Ezekiel 31:3

    • a 31:3 - Lit "high of stature"
    • b 31:3 - So Gr; M.T. "thick boughs"
      4 'The 5waters made it grow, the deep made it high. With its rivers it continually extended all around its planting place, And sent out its channels to all the trees of the field.

      References for Ezekiel 31:4

        • c 31:4 - I.e. subterranean waters
        • d 31:4 - Lit "was going"
          5 'Therefore * 6its height was loftier than all the trees of the field And its boughs became many and its branches long Because of 7many waters as it spread them out.

          References for Ezekiel 31:5

            • e 31:5 - Lit "in its sending forth"
              6 'All the 8birds of the heavens nested in its boughs, And under its branches all the beasts of the field gave birth, And all great nations lived under its shade.

              References for Ezekiel 31:6

              7 'So it was beautiful in its greatness, in the length of its branches; For its roots extended to many waters.

              References for Ezekiel 31:7

                • f 31:7 - Lit "root was"
                  8 'The 9cedars in 10God's garden could not match it; The cypresses could not compare with its boughs, And the plane trees could not match its branches. No * tree in 11God's garden could compare with it in its beauty.

                  References for Ezekiel 31:8

                    • g 31:8 - Lit "did"
                    • h 31:8 - Or "Phoenician junipers"
                    • i 31:8 - Lit "did"
                    • j 31:8 - Lit "were not like"
                    • k 31:8 - Lit "did"
                      9 'I made it beautiful with the multitude of its branches, And all the trees of 12Eden, which were in the 13garden of God, were jealous of it.

                      References for Ezekiel 31:9

                      10 'Therefore thus says the Lord GOD, "Because * it is high in stature and has set its top among the clouds, and its 14heart is haughty in its loftiness,

                      References for Ezekiel 31:10

                        • l 31:10 - Heb "YHWH," usually rendered LORD, and so throughout the ch
                        • m 31:10 - Lit "you are"
                        • n 31:10 - Or "thick boughs"
                          11 therefore I will give it into the hand of a 15despot of the nations; he will thoroughly deal with it. According to its wickedness I have 16driven it away.

                          References for Ezekiel 31:11

                          12 "17Alien 18tyrants of the nations have cut it down and left it; on the 19mountains and in all the valleys its branches have fallen and its boughs have been broken in all the ravines of the land. And all the peoples of the earth have 20gone down from its shade and left it.

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                          13 "On its ruin all the 21birds of the heavens will dwell, and all the beasts of the field will be on its fallen branches

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                          14 so that all the trees by the waters may not be exalted in their stature, nor set their top among the clouds, nor their well-watered mighty ones stand erect in their height. For they have all been given over to death, to the 22earth beneath, among the sons of men, with those who go down to the pit."

                          References for Ezekiel 31:14

                            • p 31:14 - Or "thick boughs"
                            • q 31:14 - Lit "drinkers of water"
                              15 'Thus says the Lord GOD, "On the day when it went down to Sheol I 23caused lamentations; I closed the deep over it and held back its rivers. And its many waters were stopped up, and I made Lebanon mourn for it, and all the trees of the field wilted away on account of it.

                              References for Ezekiel 31:15

                                • r 31:15 - I.e. subterranean waters
                                • s 31:15 - Lit "be darkened"
                                  16 "I made the nations 24quake at the sound of its fall when I made it 25go down to Sheol with those who go down to the pit; and all the well-watered trees of Eden, the choicest and best of 26Lebanon, were 27comforted in the earth beneath.

                                  References for Ezekiel 31:16

                                    • t 31:16 - Lit "drinkers of water"
                                      17 "They also 28went down with it to Sheol to those who were 29slain by the sword; and those who were its strength lived 30under its shade among the nations.

                                      References for Ezekiel 31:17

                                      18 "To which among the trees of Eden are you thus equal in glory and greatness? Yet you will be brought down with the trees of Eden to the earth beneath; you will lie in the midst of the 31uncircumcised, with those who were slain by the sword. 32So is Pharaoh and all his hordes!"' declares the Lord GOD."

                                      References for Ezekiel 31:18