Jacob Leaves Secretly for Canaan

1 Now Jacob heard the words of Laban's sons, saying, "Jacob has taken away all that was our father's, and from what belonged to our father he has made all this wealth."

References for Genesis 31:1

    • a 31:1 - Lit "he"
    • b 31:1 - Lit "glory"
      2 Jacob saw the attitude of Laban, and behold, it was not friendly toward him as formerly.

      References for Genesis 31:2

        • c 31:2 - Lit "face"
          3 Then the LORD said to Jacob, "1Return to the land of your fathers and to your relatives, and 2I will be with you."

          References for Genesis 31:3

          4 So Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to his flock in the field,
          5 and said to them, "3I see your father's attitude, that it is not friendly toward me as formerly, but 4the God of my father has been with me.
          6 "5You know that I have served your father with all my strength.

          References for Genesis 31:6

          7 "Yet your father has 6cheated me and 7changed my wages ten times; however, 8God did not allow him to hurt me.

          References for Genesis 31:7

          8 "If 9he spoke thus, 'The speckled shall be your wages,' then all the flock brought forth speckled; and if he spoke thus, 'The striped shall be your wages,' then all the flock brought forth striped.

          References for Genesis 31:8

          9 "Thus God has 10taken away your father's livestock and given them to me.

          References for Genesis 31:9

          10 "And it came about at the time when the flock were mating that I lifted up my eyes and saw in a dream, and behold, the male goats which were mating were striped, speckled, and mottled.

          References for Genesis 31:10

            • e 31:10 - Or "conceiving"
            • f 31:10 - Lit "leaping upon the flock"
              11 "Then 11the angel of God said to me in the dream, 'Jacob,' and I said, 'Here I am.'
              12 "He said, 'Lift up now your eyes and see that all the male goats which are mating are striped, speckled, and mottled; for 12I have seen all that Laban has been doing to you.

              References for Genesis 31:12

                • g 31:12 - Lit "leaping upon the flock"
                  13 'I am 13the God of Bethel, where * you 14anointed a pillar, where * you made a vow to Me; now arise, leave this land, and 15return to the land of your birth.' "

                  References for Genesis 31:13

                  14 Rachel and Leah said to him, "Do we still have any portion or inheritance in our father's house?
                  15 "Are we not reckoned by him as foreigners? For 16he has sold us, and has also entirely consumed our purchase price.

                  References for Genesis 31:15

                    • i 31:15 - I.e. enjoyed the benefit of
                    • j 31:15 - Lit "our money"
                      16 "Surely all the wealth which God has taken away from our father belongs to us and our children; now then, do whatever * God has said to you."
                      17 Then Jacob arose and put his children and his wives upon camels;
                      18 and he drove away all his livestock and all his property which he had gathered, his acquired livestock which he had gathered in Paddan-aram, 17to go to the land of Canaan to his father Isaac.

                      References for Genesis 31:18

                      19 When Laban had gone to shear his flock, then Rachel stole the 18household idols that were her father's.

                      References for Genesis 31:19

                      20 And Jacob deceived Laban the Aramean by not telling him that he was fleeing.

                      References for Genesis 31:20

                        • l 31:20 - Lit "stole the heart of"
                          21 So he fled with all that he had; and he arose and crossed the Euphrates River, and set his face toward the hill country of 19Gilead.

                          References for Genesis 31:21

                          Laban Pursues Jacob

                          22 When it was told Laban on the third day that Jacob had fled,

                          References for Genesis 31:22

                              23 then he took his kinsmen with him and pursued him a distance of seven days' journey, and he overtook him in the hill country of Gilead.

                              References for Genesis 31:23

                                • m 31:23 - Lit "brothers"
                                  24 20God came to Laban the Aramean in a 21dream of the night and said to him, "22Be careful that you do not speak to Jacob either good or bad."

                                  References for Genesis 31:24

                                  25 Laban caught up with Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the hill country, and Laban with his kinsmen camped in the hill country of Gilead.

                                  References for Genesis 31:25

                                    • o 31:25 - Lit "brothers"
                                      26 Then Laban said to Jacob, "What have you done by deceiving me and carrying away my daughters like captives of the sword?

                                      References for Genesis 31:26

                                        • p 31:26 - Lit "and you have stolen my heart"
                                          27 "Why did you flee secretly and deceive me, and did not tell me so that I might have sent you away with joy and with songs, with 23timbrel and with 24lyre;

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                                          28 and did not allow me 25to kiss my sons and my daughters? Now you have done foolishly.

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                                          29 "It is in my power to do you harm, but 26the God of your father spoke to me last night, saying, '27Be careful not to speak either good or bad to Jacob.'

                                          References for Genesis 31:29

                                            • r 31:29 - Lit "the power of my hand"
                                            • s 31:29 - Lit "Take heed to yourself"
                                              30 "Now you have indeed gone away because you longed greatly for your father's house; but why did you steal 28my gods?"

                                              References for Genesis 31:30

                                              31 Then Jacob replied to Laban, "Because I was afraid, for I thought that you would take your daughters from me by force.
                                              32 "29The one with whom you find your gods shall not live; in the presence of our kinsmen point out what is yours among my belongings and take it for yourself." For Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.

                                              References for Genesis 31:32

                                                • t 31:32 - Lit "brothers"
                                                • u 31:32 - Lit "recognize"
                                                • v 31:32 - Lit "with me"
                                                  33 So Laban went into Jacob's tent and into Leah's tent and into the tent of the two maids, but he did not find them. Then he went out of Leah's tent and entered Rachel's tent.
                                                  34 Now Rachel had taken the household idols and put them in the camel's saddle, and she sat on them. And Laban felt through all the tent but did not find them.

                                                  References for Genesis 31:34

                                                    • w 31:34 - Heb "teraphim"
                                                      35 She said to her father, "Let not my lord be angry that I cannot * 30rise before * you, for the manner of women is upon me." So he searched but did not find the 31household idols.

                                                      References for Genesis 31:35

                                                      36 Then Jacob became angry and contended with Laban; and Jacob said to Laban, "What is my transgression? What is my sin that you have hotly pursued me?
                                                      37 "Though you have felt through all my goods, what have you found of all your household goods? Set it here before my kinsmen and your kinsmen, that they may decide between us two.

                                                      References for Genesis 31:37

                                                        • y 31:37 - Lit "brothers"
                                                        • z 31:37 - Lit "brothers"
                                                          38 "These twenty years I have been with you; your ewes and your female goats have not miscarried, nor have I eaten the rams of your flocks.
                                                          39 "That which was torn of beasts I did not bring to you; I bore the loss of it myself. You required it of my hand whether stolen by day or stolen by night.
                                                          40 "Thus I was: by day the heat consumed me and the frost by night, and my sleep fled from my eyes.

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                                                              41 "These twenty years I have been in your house; 32I served you fourteen * years for your two daughters and six years for your flock, and you 33changed my wages ten times.

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                                                              42 "If 34the God of my father, the God of Abraham, and the fear of Isaac, had not been for me, surely now you would have sent me away empty-handed. 35God has seen my affliction and the toil of my hands, so He 36rendered judgment last night."

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                                                              The Covenant of Mizpah

                                                              43 Then Laban replied to Jacob, "The daughters are my daughters, and the children are my children, and 37the flocks are my flocks, and all that you see is mine. But what can I do this day to these my daughters or to their children whom they have borne?

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                                                              44 "So now come, let us 38make a covenant, you and I, and 39let it be a witness between you and me."

                                                              References for Genesis 31:44

                                                                • | 31:44 - Lit "I and you"
                                                                • } 31:44 - Lit "me and you"
                                                                  45 Then Jacob took 40a stone and set it up as a pillar.

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                                                                  46 Jacob said to his kinsmen, "Gather stones." So they took stones and made a heap, and they ate there by the heap.

                                                                  References for Genesis 31:46

                                                                    • ~ 31:46 - Lit "brothers"
                                                                      47 Now Laban 41called it Jegar-sahadutha, but Jacob called it Galeed.

                                                                      References for Genesis 31:47

                                                                        •  31:47 - I.e. the heap of witness, in Aram
                                                                        • € 31:47 - I.e. the heap of witness, in Heb
                                                                          48 Laban said, "42This heap is a witness between you and me this day." Therefore * it was named * Galeed,

                                                                          References for Genesis 31:48

                                                                            •  31:48 - Lit "me and you"
                                                                              49 and 43Mizpah, for he said, "May the LORD watch between you and me when we are absent one from the other.

                                                                              References for Genesis 31:49

                                                                                • ‚ 31:49 - Lit "the Mizpah;" i.e. the watchtower
                                                                                • ƒ 31:49 - Lit "me and you"
                                                                                • „ 31:49 - Lit "hidden"
                                                                                  50 "If you mistreat my daughters, or if you take wives besides my daughters, although no man is with us, see, 44God is witness between you and me."

                                                                                  References for Genesis 31:50

                                                                                  51 Laban said to Jacob, "Behold this heap and behold the pillar which I have set between you and me.

                                                                                  References for Genesis 31:51

                                                                                    • † 31:51 - Lit "me and you"
                                                                                      52 "This heap is a witness, and the pillar is a witness, that I will not pass by this heap to you for harm, and you will not pass by this heap and this pillar to me, for harm.
                                                                                      53 "45The God of Abraham and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, 46judge between us." So Jacob swore by 47the fear of his father Isaac.

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                                                                                      54 Then Jacob 48offered a sacrifice on the mountain, and called his kinsmen to the meal *; and they ate the meal and spent the night on the mountain.

                                                                                      References for Genesis 31:54

                                                                                        • ‡ 31:54 - Lit "brothers"
                                                                                        • ˆ 31:54 - Lit "eat bread"
                                                                                        • ‰ 31:54 - Lit "bread"
                                                                                          55 Early in the morning Laban arose, and 49kissed his sons and his daughters and blessed them. Then Laban departed and returned to his place.

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