Universal Language, Babel, Confusion

1 Now the whole earth used the same language and the same words.

References for Genesis 11:1

    • a 11:1 - Lit "was one lip"
    • b 11:1 - Or "few" or "one" set of "words"
      2 It came about as they journeyed east, that they found a plain in the land 1of Shinar and settled there.

      References for Genesis 11:2

      3 They said to one another, "Come, let us make bricks and burn them thoroughly." And they used brick for stone, and they used 2tar for mortar.

      References for Genesis 11:3

      4 They said, "Come, let us build for ourselves a city, and a tower whose top 3will reach into heaven, and let us make for ourselves 4a name, otherwise we 5will be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth."
      5 6The LORD came down to see the city and the tower which the sons of men had built.

      References for Genesis 11:5

      6 The LORD said, "Behold, they are one people, and they all have 7the same language. And this is what they began to do, and now nothing * which they purpose to do will be impossible for them.

      References for Genesis 11:6

        • d 11:6 - Lit "one lip"
        • e 11:6 - Lit "withheld from"
          7 "Come, 8let Us go down and there 9confuse their language, so that they will not understand one another's speech."

          References for Genesis 11:7

          8 So the LORD 10scattered them abroad from there over the face of the whole earth; and they stopped building the city.

          References for Genesis 11:8

          9 Therefore * its name was called 11Babel, because there the LORD confused the language of the whole earth; and from there the LORD scattered them abroad over the face of the whole earth.

          References for Genesis 11:9

            • h 11:9 - Or "Babylon;" cf Heb "balal," confuse
            • i 11:9 - Lit "lip"