Jesus before Pilate

1 Then the whole body of them got up and 1brought Him before Pilate.

References for Luke 23:1

2 2And they began to accuse Him, saying, "We found this man 3misleading our nation and 4forbidding to pay taxes to Caesar, and saying that He Himself is Christ, a King."
3 So Pilate asked Him, saying, "Are You the King of the Jews?" And He answered him and said, "5It is as you say."

References for Luke 23:3

5 But they kept on insisting, saying, "He stirs up the people, teaching all over Judea, 7starting from Galilee even as far as this place."

References for Luke 23:5

6 When Pilate heard it, he asked whether the man was a Galilean.
7 And when he learned that He belonged * to Herod's jurisdiction, he sent Him to 8Herod, who himself also was in Jerusalem at that time.

References for Luke 23:7

Jesus before Herod

8 Now Herod was very glad when he saw Jesus; for 9he had wanted to see Him for a long time, because he had been hearing about Him and was hoping to see some sign performed by Him.

References for Luke 23:8

    • c 23:8 - Or "attesting miracle"
      9 And he questioned Him at some length *; but 10He answered him nothing.

      References for Luke 23:9

      10 And the chief priests and the scribes were standing there, accusing Him vehemently.
      11 And Herod with his soldiers, after treating Him with contempt and mocking Him, 11dressed Him in a gorgeous robe and sent Him back to Pilate.

      References for Luke 23:11

      12 Now 12Herod and Pilate became friends with one another that very day; for before they had been * enemies with each other.

      References for Luke 23:12

      Pilate Seeks Jesus' Release

      13 Pilate summoned the chief priests and the 13rulers and the people,
      14 and said to them, "You brought this man to me as one who 14incites the people to rebellion, and behold, having examined Him before you, I 15have found no guilt in this man regarding the charges which you make against Him

      References for Luke 23:14

      15 "No, nor has 16Herod, for he sent Him back to us; and behold, nothing deserving death has been done by Him.

      References for Luke 23:15

      16 "Therefore I will 17punish Him and release Him."

      References for Luke 23:16

      17 [Now he was obliged * to release to them at the feast one prisoner.]

      References for Luke 23:17

        • e 23:17 - Early mss do not contain this v
          18 But they cried out all together, saying, "18Away with this man, and release for us Barabbas!"

          References for Luke 23:18

          19 (He was one who had been thrown into prison for an insurrection made in the city, and for murder.
          21 but they kept on calling out, saying, "Crucify, crucify Him!
          22 And he said to them the third time, "Why, what evil has this man done? I have found in Him no guilt demanding death; therefore I will 19punish Him and release Him."

          References for Luke 23:22

          23 But they were insistent, with loud voices asking that He be crucified. And their voices began to prevail.
          24 And Pilate pronounced sentence that their demand be granted.
          25 And he released the man they were asking for who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, but he delivered Jesus to their will.

          Simon Bears the Cross

          26 20When they led Him away, they seized a man, Simon of 21Cyrene, coming in from the country, and placed on him the cross to carry behind Jesus.

          References for Luke 23:26

          27 And following Him was a large crowd of the people, and of women who were 22mourning and lamenting Him.

          References for Luke 23:27

            • f 23:27 - Lit "beating the breast"
              28 But Jesus turning to them said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, stop weeping for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children.
              29 "For behold, the days are coming when * they will say, '23Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never nursed.'

              References for Luke 23:29

              30 "Then they will begin TO 24SAY TO THE MOUNTAINS, 'FALL ON US,' AND TO THE HILLS, 'COVER US.'

              References for Luke 23:30

              31 "For if they do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

              References for Luke 23:31

                • g 23:31 - Lit "in the green tree"
                • h 23:31 - Lit "in the dry"
                  32 25Two others also, who were criminals, were being led away to be put to death with Him.

                  References for Luke 23:32

                  The Crucifixion

                  33 26When they came to the place called The Skull, there they crucified Him and the criminals, one on the right and the other on the left.

                  References for Luke 23:33

                    • i 23:33 - In Lat "Calvarius;" or "Calvary"
                      34 But Jesus was saying, "27Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing." 28And they cast lots, dividing up His garments among themselves.

                      References for Luke 23:34

                        • j 23:34 - Some early mss do not contain "But Jesus was saying...doing"
                          35 And the people stood by, looking on. And even the 29rulers were sneering at Him, saying, "He saved others; 30let Him save Himself if this is the Christ of God, His Chosen One."

                          References for Luke 23:35

                          36 The soldiers also mocked Him, coming up to Him, 31offering Him sour wine

                          References for Luke 23:36

                          37 and saying, "32If You are the King of the Jews, save Yourself!"

                          References for Luke 23:37

                          38 Now there was also an inscription above Him, "33THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

                          References for Luke 23:38

                          39 34One of the criminals who were hanged there was hurling abuse at Him, saying, "Are You not the Christ? 35Save Yourself and us!"

                          References for Luke 23:39

                            • l 23:39 - Or "blaspheming"
                            • m 23:39 - I.e. Messiah
                              40 But the other answered, and rebuking him said, "Do you not even fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation?
                              41 "And we indeed are suffering justly, for we are receiving what we deserve for our deeds *; but this man has done nothing wrong."

                              References for Luke 23:41

                                • n 23:41 - Lit "things worthy of what we have done"
                                  42 And he was saying, "Jesus, remember me when You come in Your kingdom!"

                                  References for Luke 23:42

                                      43 And He said to him, "Truly I say to you, today you shall be with Me in 36Paradise."

                                      References for Luke 23:43

                                      44 37It was now about 38the sixth hour, and darkness fell over the whole land until the ninth hour,

                                      References for Luke 23:44

                                          45 because the sun was obscured; and 39the veil of the temple was torn in two.

                                          References for Luke 23:45

                                            • s 23:45 - Lit "the sun failing"
                                            • t 23:45 - Lit "in the middle"
                                              46 And Jesus, 40crying out with a loud voice, said, "Father, 41INTO YOUR HANDS I COMMIT MY SPIRIT." Having said this, He breathed His last.

                                              References for Luke 23:46

                                              47 42Now when the centurion saw what had happened, he began 43praising God, saying, "Certainly this man was innocent."

                                              References for Luke 23:47

                                              48 And all the crowds who came together for this spectacle, when they observed what had happened, began to return, 44beating their breasts.

                                              References for Luke 23:48

                                                • v 23:48 - I.e. as a traditional sign of mourning or contrition

                                                  Jesus Is Buried

                                                  50 47And a man named Joseph, who was a 48member of the Council, a good and righteous man

                                                  References for Luke 23:50

                                                  51 (he had not consented to their plan and action ), a man from Arimathea, a city of the Jews, who was 49waiting for the kingdom of God;

                                                  References for Luke 23:51

                                                  52 this man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus.
                                                  53 And he took it down and wrapped it in a linen cloth, and laid Him in a tomb cut into the rock, where no one had ever lain.
                                                  54 It was 50the preparation day, and the Sabbath was about to begin.

                                                  References for Luke 23:54

                                                    • w 23:54 - I.e. preparation for the Sabbath
                                                    • x 23:54 - Lit "dawn"
                                                      55 Now 51the women who had come with Him out of Galilee followed, and saw the tomb and how His body was laid.

                                                      References for Luke 23:55

                                                      56 Then they returned and 52prepared spices and perfumes. And 53 on the Sabbath they rested according to the commandment.

                                                      References for Luke 23:56