The Philistines fought against Israel. The men of Israel ran away from them. But many Israelites were killed on Mount Gilboa.
The Philistines kept chasing Saul and his sons. They killed his sons Jonathan, Abinadab and Malki-Shua.
The fighting was heavy around Saul. Men who were armed with bows and arrows caught up with him. They shot their arrows at him and wounded him badly.
Saul spoke to the man who was carrying his armor. He said, "Pull out your sword. Stick it through me. If you don't, those men who aren't circumcised will come and hurt me badly." But the man was terrified. He wouldn't do it. So Saul took his own sword and fell on it.
The man saw that Saul was dead. So he fell on his own sword and died.
Saul and his three sons died. All of them died together.
All of the Israelites who lived in the valley saw that their army had run away. They saw that Saul and his sons were dead. So they left their towns and ran away. Then the Philistines came and settled down in them.
The day after the Philistines had won the battle, they came to take what they wanted from the dead bodies. They found Saul and his sons dead on Mount Gilboa.
So they took what they wanted from Saul's body. They took his head and his armor. Then they sent messengers through the whole land of the Philistines. They announced the news to the statues of their gods. They also announced it among their people.
They put Saul's armor in the temple of their gods. They hung his head up in the temple of their god Dagon.
The people of Jabesh Gilead heard about everything the Philistines had done to Saul.
So all of their brave men went and got the bodies of Saul and his sons. They brought them to Jabesh. Then they buried the bones of Saul and his sons under the great tree that was there. They didn't eat anything for seven days.
Saul died because he wasn't faithful to the Lord. He didn't obey the word of the Lord. He even asked for advice from a person who gets messages from those who have died.
He didn't ask the LORD for advice. So the LORD put him to death. He turned the kingdom over to David. David was the son of Jesse.
The whole community of Israel came together to see David at Hebron. They said, "We are your own flesh and blood.
In the past, Saul was our king. But you led the men of Israel in battle. The LORD your God said to you, 'You will be the shepherd over my people Israel. You will become their ruler.' "
All of the elders of Israel came to see King David at Hebron. There he made a covenant with them in the sight of the Lord. They anointed David as king over Israel. It happened just as the LORD had promised through Samuel.
David and all of the men of Israel marched to Jerusalem. Jerusalem was also called Jebus. The Jebusites who lived there
spoke to David. They said, "You won't get in here." But David captured the fort of Zion. It became known as the City of David.
David had said, "Anyone who leads the attack against the Jebusites will become the commander of Israel's army." Joab went up first. So he became the commander of the army. He was the son of Zeruiah.
David moved into the fort. So it was called the City of David.
He built up the city around the fort. He filled in the low places. He built a wall around it. During that time, Joab built up the rest of the city.
David became more and more powerful. That's because the LORD who rules over all was with him.
The chiefs of David's mighty men and the whole community of Israel helped David greatly. They helped him become king over the entire land. That's exactly what the LORD had promised him.
Here is a list of David's mighty men. Jashobeam was chief of the officers. He was a Hacmonite. He used his spear against 300 men. He killed all of them at one time.
Next to him was Eleazar. He was one of the three mighty men. He was the son of Dodai, the Ahohite.
Jashobeam was with David at Pas Dammim. The Philistines had gathered there for battle. Israel's troops ran away from the Philistines. At the place where that happened, there was a field that was full of barley.
The three mighty men took their stand in the middle of the field. They didn't let the Philistines capture it. They struck them down. The LORD helped them win a great battle.
David was near the rock at the cave of Adullam. Three of the 30 chiefs came down to him there. A group of Philistines was camped in the Valley of Rephaim.
At that time David was in his usual place of safety. Some Philistine troops were stationed at Bethlehem.
David longed for water. He said, "I wish someone would get me a drink of water from the well that is near the gate of Bethlehem!"
So the Three fought their way past the Philistine guards. They got some water from the well that was near the gate of Bethlehem. They took the water back to David. But David refused to drink it. Instead, he poured it out as a drink offering to the Lord.
"I would never drink that water!" David said. "It would be like drinking the blood of these men. They put their lives in danger by going to Bethlehem." The men had put their lives in danger by bringing the water back. So David wouldn't drink it. Those were some of the brave things the three mighty men did.
Abishai was chief over the Three. He was the brother of Joab. He used his spear against 300 men. He killed all of them. So he became as famous as the Three were.
He was honored twice as much as the Three. He became their commander. But he wasn't included among them.
Benaiah was a great hero from Kabzeel. He was the son of Jehoiada. Benaiah did many brave things. He struck down two of Moab's best fighting men. He also went down into a pit on a snowy day. He killed a lion there.
And Benaiah struck down an Egyptian who was seven and a half feet tall. The Egyptian was holding a spear as big as a weaver's rod. Benaiah went out to fight against him with a club. He grabbed the spear out of the Egyptian's hand. Then he killed him with it.
Those were some of the brave things Benaiah, the son of Jehoiada, did. He too was as famous as the three mighty men were.
He was honored more than any of the Thirty. But he wasn't included among the Three. And David put him in charge of his own personal guards.
Here is a list of David's mighty men. Asahel, the brother of Joab Elhanan, the son of Dodo, from Bethlehem
Shammoth, the Harorite Helez, the Pelonite
Ira, the son of Ikkesh, from Tekoa Abiezer from Anathoth
Sibbecai, the Hushathite Ilai, the Ahohite
Maharai from Netophah Heled, the son of Baanah, from Netophah
Ithai, the son of Ribai, from Gibeah in Benjamin Benaiah from Pirathon
Hurai from the valleys of Gaash Abiel, the Arbathite
Azmaveth, the Baharumite Eliahba, the Shaalbonite
the sons of Hashem, the Gizonite Jonathan, the son of Shagee, the Hararite
Ahiam, the son of Sacar, the Hararite Eliphal, the son of Ur
Hepher, the Mekerathite Ahijah, the Pelonite
Hezro from Carmel Naarai, the son of Ezbai
Joel, the brother of Nathan Mibhar, the son of Hagri
Zelek from Ammon Naharai, from Beeroth, who carried the armor of Joab, the son of Zeruiah
Ira, the Ithrite Gareb, the Ithrite
Uriah, the Hittite Zabad, the son of Ahlai
Adina, the son of Shiza, the Reubenite, who was chief of the Reubenites and the 30 men with him
Hanan, the son of Maacah Joshaphat, the Mithnite
Uzzia, the Ashterathite Shama and Jeiel, the sons of Hotham from Aroer
Jediael, the son of Shimri his brother Joha, the Tizite
Eliel, the Mahavite Jeribai and Joshaviah, the sons of Elnaam Ithmah from Moab
Eliel Obed Jaasiel, the Mezobaite
Some fighting men came to David at Ziklag. They were among those who helped him in battle. David had been forced to hide from Saul, the son of Kish.
The men were armed with bows. They were able to shoot arrows or throw stones from a sling with either hand. They were relatives of Saul from the tribe of Benjamin. Here is a list of them.
Their chief Ahiezer and Joash, the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite Jeziel and Pelet, the sons of Azmaveth Beracah Jehu from Anathoth
Ishmaiah, the Gibeonite, who was a mighty man among the Thirty and a leader of the Thirty Jeremiah Jahaziel Johanan Jozabad from Gederah
Eluzai Jerimoth Bealiah Shemariah Shephatiah, the Haruphite
the Korahites Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer and Jashobeam
Joelah and Zebadiah, the sons of Jeroham from Gedor
Some men of Gad went over to David's side at his usual place of safety in the desert. They were brave fighting men. They were ready for battle. They were able to use shields and spears. Their faces were like the faces of lions. They could run as fast as antelopes in the mountains.
Ezer was their chief. Obadiah was next in command. Eliab was third.
Mishmannah was fourth. Jeremiah was fifth.
Attai was sixth. Eliel was seventh.
Johanan was eighth. Elzabad was ninth.
Jeremiah was tenth. And Macbannai was eleventh.
All of those men of Gad were army commanders. The least important of them was equal to 100 men. The most important was equal to 1,000.
They went across the Jordan River when it was flowing over its banks. That happened in the first month of spring. They chased away everyone who lived in the valleys. They chased them away from the east and west sides of the river.
Some men from the territories of Benjamin and Judah also came to David at his usual place of safety.
David went out to meet them. He said to them, "Have you come to me in peace? Have you come to help me? If you have, I'm ready to have you join me. But suppose you have come to hand me over to my enemies when I haven't even harmed anyone. Then may the God of our people see it and judge you."
The Spirit of God came on Amasai. He was chief of the Thirty. He said, "David, we belong to you! Son of Jesse, we're on your side! May you have great success. May those who help you also have success. Your God will help you." So David welcomed them. He made them leaders in his army.
Some men of Manasseh went over to David's side when he marched out with the Philistines to fight against Saul. But David and his men didn't help the Philistines. That's because after all of the Philistine rulers had discussed the matter, they sent him away. They said, "Suppose he deserts to his master Saul. Then our heads will be cut off!"
So David went to Ziklag. Here are the men of Manasseh who went over to his side. They were Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu and Zillethai. They were leaders of companies of 1,000 men in Manasseh.
They helped David fight against enemy armies. All of the men of Manasseh were brave fighting men. They were commanders in David's army.
Day after day men came to help him. Soon he had a large army. It was like the army of God.
Large numbers of men came to David at Hebron. They were prepared for battle. They came to hand Saul's kingdom over to him, just as the LORD had said. Here are the numbers of the men who came.
The men from Judah carried shields and spears. They were prepared for battle. The total number of them was %"6,800.
The fighting men from Simeon were ready for battle. The total number of them was %"7,100.
The total number of men from Levi was %"4,600.
They included Jehoiada. He was the leader of the family of Aaron. He came with %"3,700 men.
They also included Zadok. He was a brave young fighter. He came with 22 officers from his family.
The men from Benjamin were Saul's relatives. Most of them had remained faithful to Saul's family until that time. The total number of them was %"3,000.
The men from Ephraim were brave fighting men. They were famous in their own family groups. The total number of them was 20,800.
The men from half of the tribe of Manasseh had been chosen by name to come and make David king. The total number of them was 18,000.
The men from Issachar understood what was going on at that time. They knew what Israel should do. The total number of their chiefs was 200. They came with all of their relatives who were under their command.
The men from Zebulun knew how to fight well. That's because they had done it many times before. They were prepared for battle. They had every kind of weapon. They came to help David with their whole heart. The total number of them was 50,000.
The total number of officers from Naphtali was %"1,000. They came with 37,000 men who carried shields and spears.
The men from Dan were ready for battle. The total number of them was 28,600.
The men from Asher knew how to fight well. That's because they had done it many times before. They were prepared for battle. The total number of them was 40,000.
The men from the tribes of Reuben and Gad and half of the tribe of Manasseh were armed with every kind of weapon. The men came from the east side of the Jordan River. The total number of them was 120,000.
All of those fighting men offered to serve in the army. Before they came to Hebron, they had agreed completely to make David king over all of the people of Israel. All of the rest of the people also agreed to make David king.
The men spent three days there with David. They ate and drank what their families had given them.
Their neighbors also brought food. They brought it on donkeys, camels, mules and oxen. They came from as far away as the territories of Issachar, Zebulun and Naphtali. There was plenty of flour, fig cakes, raisin cakes, wine, olive oil, cattle and sheep. The people of Israel brought all of those things because they were so happy.
"It is written in the Prophets, 'God will teach all of them.'#1(Isaiah 54:13)#2 Everyone who listens to the Father and learns from him comes to me.
"No one has seen the Father except the One who has come from God. Only he has seen the Father.
What I'm about to tell you is true. Everyone who believes has life forever.
"I am the bread of life.
Long ago your people ate the manna in the desert, and they still died.
But here is the bread that comes down from heaven. A person can eat it and not die.
I am the living bread that came down from heaven. Everyone who eats some of this bread will live forever. The bread is my body. I will give it for the life of the world."
Then the Jews began to argue sharply among themselves. They said, "How can this man give us his body to eat?"
Jesus said to them, "What I'm about to tell you is true. You must eat the Son of Man's body and drink his blood. If you don't, you have no life in you.
Anyone who eats my body and drinks my blood has eternal life. I will raise him up on the last day.
"My body is real food. My blood is real drink.
Anyone who eats my body and drinks my blood remains in me. And I remain in him.
"The living Father sent me, and I live because of him. In the same way, those who feed on me will live because of me.
This is the bread that came down from heaven. Long ago your people ate manna and died. But those who feed on this bread will live forever."
He said this while he was teaching in the synagogue in Capernaum.
Jesus' disciples heard this. Many of them said, "This is a hard teaching. Who can accept it?"
Jesus was aware that his disciples were complaining about his teaching. So he said to them, "Does this upset you?
What if you see the Son of Man go up to where he was before?
The Holy Spirit gives life. The body means nothing at all. The words I have spoken to you are from the Spirit. They give life.
But there are some of you who do not believe." Jesus had known from the beginning which of them did not believe. And he had known who was going to hand him over to his enemies.
So he continued speaking. He said, "This is why I told you that no one can come to me unless the Father helps him."
From this time on, many of his disciples turned back. They no longer followed him.
"You don't want to leave also, do you?" Jesus asked the Twelve.
Simon Peter answered him, "Lord, who can we go to? You have the words of eternal life.
We believe and know that you are the Holy One of God."
Then Jesus replied, "Didn't I choose you, the 12 disciples? But one of you is a devil!"
He meant Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot. Judas was one of the Twelve. But later he was going to hand Jesus over to his enemies.