1 The descendants of Adam were Seth, Enosh,
2 Kenan, Mahalalel, Jared,
3 Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech,
4 and Noah. The sons of Noah were Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

References for 1 Chronicles 1:4

    • a 1:4 - As in Greek version (see also Gen 5:3-32 ); Hebrew lacks The sons of Noah were.
      5 The descendants of Japheth were Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras.
      6 The descendants of Gomer were Ashkenaz, Riphath, and Togarmah.

      References for 1 Chronicles 1:6

        • b 1:6 - As in some Hebrew manuscripts and Greek version (see also Gen 10:3 ); most Hebrew manuscripts read Diphath.
          7 The descendants of Javan were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Rodanim.
          8 The descendants of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.

          References for 1 Chronicles 1:8

            • c 1:8 - Or Egypt; also in 1:11 .
              9 The descendants of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca. The descendants of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan.
              10 Cush was also the ancestor of Nimrod, who was the first heroic warrior on earth.
              11 Mizraim was the ancestor of the Ludites, Anamites, Lehabites, Naphtuhites,
              12 Pathrusites, Casluhites, and the Caphtorites, from whom the Philistines came.

              References for 1 Chronicles 1:12

                • d 1:12 - Hebrew Casluhites, from whom the Philistines came, Caphtorites. See Jer 47:4 ; Amos 9:7 .
                  13 Canaan’s oldest son was Sidon, the ancestor of the Sidonians. Canaan was also the ancestor of the Hittites,

                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:13

                    • e 1:13 - Hebrew ancestor of Heth.
                      14 Jebusites, Amorites, Girgashites,
                      15 Hivites, Arkites, Sinites,
                      16 Arvadites, Zemarites, and Hamathites.
                      17 The descendants of Shem were Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram. The descendants of Aram were Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash.

                      References for 1 Chronicles 1:17

                        • f 1:17 - As in one Hebrew manuscript and some Greek manuscripts (see also Gen 10:23 ); most Hebrew manuscripts lack The descendants of Aram were.
                        • g 1:17 - As in parallel text at Gen 10:23 ; Hebrew reads and Meshech.
                          18 Arphaxad was the father of Shelah. Shelah was the father of Eber.
                          19 Eber had two sons. The first was named Peleg (which means “division”), for during his lifetime the people of the world were divided into different language groups. His brother’s name was Joktan.
                          20 Joktan was the ancestor of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
                          21 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,
                          22 Obal, Abimael, Sheba,

                          References for 1 Chronicles 1:22

                            • h 1:22 - As in some Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac version (see also Gen 10:28 ); most Hebrew manuscripts read Ebal.
                              23 Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these were descendants of Joktan.
                              24 So this is the family line descended from Shem: Arphaxad, Shelah,

                              References for 1 Chronicles 1:24

                                • i 1:24 - Some Greek manuscripts read Arphaxad, Cainan, Shelah. See notes on Gen 10:24 ; 11:12-13 .
                                  25 Eber, Peleg, Reu,
                                  26 Serug, Nahor, Terah,
                                  27 and Abram, later known as Abraham.
                                  28 The sons of Abraham were Isaac and Ishmael.
                                  29 These are their genealogical records: The sons of Ishmael were Nebaioth (the oldest), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam,
                                  30 Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad, Tema,
                                  31 Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These were the sons of Ishmael.
                                  32 The sons of Keturah, Abraham’s concubine, were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. The sons of Jokshan were Sheba and Dedan.
                                  33 The sons of Midian were Ephah, Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All these were descendants of Abraham through his concubine Keturah.
                                  34 Abraham was the father of Isaac. The sons of Isaac were Esau and Israel.

                                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:34

                                    • j 1:34 - Israel is the name that God gave to Jacob.
                                      35 The sons of Esau were Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jalam, and Korah.
                                      36 The descendants of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, Kenaz, and Amalek, who was born to Timna.

                                      References for 1 Chronicles 1:36

                                        • k 1:36 - As in many Hebrew manuscripts and a few Greek manuscripts (see also Gen 36:11 ); most Hebrew manuscripts read Zephi.
                                        • l 1:36 - As in some Greek manuscripts (see also Gen 36:12 ); Hebrew reads Kenaz, Timna, and Amalek.
                                          37 The descendants of Reuel were Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.
                                          38 The descendants of Seir were Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan.
                                          39 The descendants of Lotan were Hori and Hemam. Lotan’s sister was named Timna.

                                          References for 1 Chronicles 1:39

                                            • m 1:39 - As in parallel text at Gen 36:22 ; Hebrew reads and Homam.
                                              40 The descendants of Shobal were Alvan, Manahath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam. The descendants of Zibeon were Aiah and Anah.

                                              References for 1 Chronicles 1:40

                                                • n 1:40 - As in many Hebrew manuscripts and a few Greek manuscripts (see also Gen 36:23 ); most Hebrew manuscripts read Alian.
                                                • o 1:40 - As in some Hebrew manuscripts (see also Gen 36:23 ); most Hebrew manuscripts read Shephi.
                                                  41 The son of Anah was Dishon. The descendants of Dishon were Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Keran.

                                                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:41

                                                    • p 1:41 - As in many Hebrew manuscripts and some Greek manuscripts (see also Gen 36:26 ); most Hebrew manuscripts read Hamran.
                                                      42 The descendants of Ezer were Bilhan, Zaavan, and Akan. The descendants of Dishan were Uz and Aran.

                                                      References for 1 Chronicles 1:42

                                                        • q 1:42 - As in many Hebrew and Greek manuscripts (see also Gen 36:27 ); most Hebrew manuscripts read Jaakan.
                                                        • r 1:42 - Hebrew Dishon; compare 1:38 and parallel text at Gen 36:28 .
                                                          43 These are the kings who ruled in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites : Bela son of Beor, who ruled from his city of Dinhabah.

                                                          References for 1 Chronicles 1:43

                                                            • s 1:43 - Or before an Israelite king ruled over them.
                                                              44 When Bela died, Jobab son of Zerah from Bozrah became king in his place.
                                                              45 When Jobab died, Husham from the land of the Temanites became king in his place.
                                                              46 When Husham died, Hadad son of Bedad became king in his place and ruled from the city of Avith. He was the one who destroyed the Midianite army in the land of Moab.
                                                              47 When Hadad died, Samlah from the city of Masrekah became king in his place.
                                                              48 When Samlah died, Shaul from the city of Rehoboth-on-the-River became king in his place.
                                                              49 When Shaul died, Baal-hanan son of Acbor became king in his place.
                                                              50 When Baal-hanan died, Hadad became king in his place and ruled from the city of Pau. His wife was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred and granddaughter of Me-zahab.

                                                              References for 1 Chronicles 1:50

                                                                • t 1:50 - As in many Hebrew manuscripts, some Greek manuscripts, Syriac version, and Latin Vulgate (see also Gen 36:39 ); most Hebrew manuscripts read Pai.
                                                                  51 Then Hadad died. The clan leaders of Edom were Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,

                                                                  References for 1 Chronicles 1:51

                                                                    • u 1:51 - As in an alternate reading of the Masoretic Text (see also Gen 36:40 ); the other alternate reads Aliah.
                                                                      52 Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon,
                                                                      53 Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar,
                                                                      54 Magdiel, and Iram. These are the clan leaders of Edom.