These are the last words of David: "David, the son of Jesse, speaks -- David, the man to whom God gave such wonderful success, David, the man anointed by the God of Jacob, David, the sweet psalmist of Israel."
"The Spirit of the LORD speaks through me; his words are upon my tongue.
The God of Israel spoke. The Rock of Israel said to me: 'The person who rules righteously, who rules in the fear of God,
he is like the light of the morning, like the sunrise bursting forth in a cloudless sky, like the refreshing rains that bring tender grass from the earth."
"It is my family God has chosen! Yes, he has made an everlasting covenant with me. His agreement is eternal, final, sealed. He will constantly look after my safety and success.
But the godless are like thorns to be thrown away, for they tear the hand that touches them.
One must be armed to chop them down; they will be utterly consumed with fire."
These are the names of David's mightiest men. The first was Jashobeam the Hacmonite, who was commander of the Three -- the three greatest warriors among David's men. He once used his spear to kill eight hundred enemy warriors in a single battle.
References for 2 Samuel 23:8
Next in rank among the Three was Eleazar son of Dodai, a descendant of Ahoah. Once Eleazar and David stood together against the Philistines when the entire Israelite army had fled.
He killed Philistines until his hand was too tired to lift his sword, and the LORD gave him a great victory that day. The rest of the army did not return until it was time to collect the plunder!
Next in rank was Shammah son of Agee from Harar. One time the Philistines gathered at Lehi and attacked the Israelites in a field full of lentils. The Israelite army fled,
but Shammah held his ground in the middle of the field and beat back the Philistines. So the LORD brought about a great victory.
Once during harvesttime, when David was at the cave of Adullam, the Philistine army was camped in the valley of Rephaim. The Three (who were among the Thirty -- an elite group among David's fighting men) went down to meet him there.
David was staying in the stronghold at the time, and a Philistine detachment had occupied the town of Bethlehem
David remarked longingly to his men, "Oh, how I would love some of that good water from the well in Bethlehem, the one by the gate."
So the Three broke through the Philistine lines, drew some water from the well, and brought it back to David. But he refused to drink it. Instead, he poured it out before the LORD.
"The LORD forbid that I should drink this!" he exclaimed. "This water is as precious as the blood of these men who risked their lives to bring it to me." So David did not drink it. This is an example of the exploits of the Three.
Abishai son of Zeruiah, the brother of Joab, was the leader of the Thirty. He once used his spear to kill three hundred enemy warriors in a single battle. It was by such feats that he became as famous as the Three.
References for 2 Samuel 23:18
Abishai was the most famous of the Thirty and was their commander, though he was not one of the Three
References for 2 Samuel 23:19
There was also Benaiah son of Jehoiada, a valiant warrior from Kabzeel. He did many heroic deeds, which included killing two of Moab's mightiest warriors. Another time he chased a lion down into a pit. Then, despite the snow and slippery ground, he caught the lion and killed it.
Another time, armed only with a club, he killed a great Egyptian warrior who was armed with a spear. Benaiah wrenched the spear from the Egyptian's hand and killed him with it
These are some of the deeds that made Benaiah almost as famous as the Three.
He was more honored than the other members of the Thirty, though he was not one of the Three. And David made him commander of his bodyguard.
Other members of the Thirty included: Asahel, Joab's brother; Elhanan son of Dodo from Bethlehem;
Shammah from Harod; Elika from Harod;
Helez from Pelon; Ira son of Ikkesh from Tekoa;
References for 2 Samuel 23:26
Abiezer from Anathoth; Sibbecai from Hushah;
References for 2 Samuel 23:27
Zalmon from Ahoah; Maharai from Netophah;
Heled son of Baanah from Netophah; Ithai son of Ribai from Gibeah (from the tribe of Benjamin);
References for 2 Samuel 23:29
Benaiah from Pirathon; Hurai from Nahale-gaash;
References for 2 Samuel 23:30
Abi-albon the Arbathite; Azmaveth from Bahurim;
Eliahba from Shaalbon; the sons of Jashen;
Jonathan son of Shagee from Harar; Ahiam son of Sharar from Harar;
References for 2 Samuel 23:33
Eliphelet son of Ahasbai from Maacah; Eliam son of Ahithophel from Giloh;
Hezro from Carmel; Paarai from Arba;
Igal son of Nathan from Zobah; Bani from Gad"
Zelek from Ammon; Naharai from Beeroth (Joab's armor bearer);
Ira from Jattir; Gareb from Jattir"
Uriah the Hittite. There were thirty-seven in all.