23:1 Now these [be] the a last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man [who was] raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,
(a) Which he spoke after he had written the psalms. 23:2 The Spirit of the LORD spake by me, and his word [was] in my b tongue.
(b) Meaning, he spoke nothing but by the motion of Gods Spirit. 23:4 And [he shall be] as the light of the morning, [when] the sun riseth, [even] a morning without clouds; [as] the tender c grass [springing] out of the earth by clear shining after rain.
(c) Which grows quickly, and fades soon. 23:5 Although my house [be] not so with God; yet he hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all [things], and sure: for [this is] all my salvation, and all [my] desire, although he make [it] not to d grow.
(d) But that my kingdom may continue for ever according to his promise. 23:8 These [be] the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the e seat, chief among the captains; the same [was] Adino the Eznite: [he lift up his spear] against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.
(e) As one of the kings counsel. 23:9 And after him [was] Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, [one] of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines [that] were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were f gone away:
(f) Meaning, fled from the battle. 23:10 He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his g hand clave unto the sword: and the LORD wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.
(g) By a cramp which came from weariness and fighting. 23:12 But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and the LORD wrought a h great victory.
(h) Which has no respect for many or few, when he will show his power. 23:15 And David i longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which [is] by the gate!
(i) Being overcome with weariness and thirst. 23:16 And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that [was] by the gate, and took [it], and brought [it] to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but k poured it out unto the LORD.
(k) Bridling his affection, and also desiring God not to be offended for that rash enterprise. 23:21 And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a l spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptians hand, and slew him with his own spear.
(l) Which was as big as a weavers beam, ( 1 Chronicles 11:23 ). 23:23 He was more honourable than the m thirty, but he attained not to the [first] three. And David set him over his guard.
(m) He was more valiant than the thirty that follow and not so valiant as the six before. 23:27 Abiezer the Anethothite, n Mebunnai the Hushathite,
(n) Some of these had two names, ( 1 Chronicles 11:29 ) and also many more are mentioned there. 23:39 Uriah the Hittite: o thirty and seven in all.
(o) These came to David, and helped restore him to his kingdom.