King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylon came with all the armies from the kingdoms he ruled, and he fought against Jerusalem and the towns of Judah. At that time this message came to Jeremiah from the :
References for Jeremiah 34:1
“Go to King Zedekiah of Judah, and tell him, ‘This is what the , the God of Israel, says: I am about to hand this city over to the king of Babylon, and he will burn it down.
You will not escape his grasp but will be captured and taken to meet the king of Babylon face to face. Then you will be exiled to Babylon.
“‘But listen to this promise from the , O Zedekiah, king of Judah. This is what the says: You will not be killed in war
but will die peacefully. People will burn incense in your memory, just as they did for your ancestors, the kings who preceded you. They will mourn for you, crying, “Alas, our master is dead!” This I have decreed, says the .’”
So Jeremiah the prophet delivered the message to King Zedekiah of Judah.
At this time the Babylonian army was besieging Jerusalem, Lachish, and Azekah—the only fortified cities of Judah not yet captured.