The assembly was in confusion: Some were shouting one thing, some another.1 Most of the people did not even know why they were there.
References for Acts 19:32
The Jews pushed Alexander to the front, and some of the crowd shouted instructions to him. He motioned2 for silence in order to make a defense before the people.
References for Acts 19:33
But when they realized he was a Jew, they all shouted in unison for about two hours: "Great is Artemis of the Ephesians!"3
References for Acts 19:34
The city clerk quieted the crowd and said: "Men of Ephesus,4 doesn't all the world know that the city of Ephesus is the guardian of the temple of the great Artemis and of her image, which fell from heaven?
References for Acts 19:35
Therefore, since these facts are undeniable, you ought to be quiet and not do anything rash.
You have brought these men here, though they have neither robbed temples5 nor blasphemed our goddess.
References for Acts 19:37
If, then, Demetrius and his fellow craftsmen6 have a grievance against anybody, the courts are open and there are proconsuls.7 They can press charges.
References for Acts 19:38
If there is anything further you want to bring up, it must be settled in a legal assembly.
As it is, we are in danger of being charged with rioting because of today's events. In that case we would not be able to account for this commotion, since there is no reason for it."
After he had said this, he dismissed the assembly.