Now it was the day of Preparation,1 and the next day was to be a special Sabbath. Because the Jews did not want the bodies left on the crosses2 during the Sabbath, they asked Pilate to have the legs broken and the bodies taken down.
References for John 19:31
The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other.3
References for John 19:32
But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.
Instead, one of the soldiers pierced4 Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.5
References for John 19:34
The man who saw it6 has given testimony, and his testimony is true.7 He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe.
References for John 19:35
These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled:8 "Not one of his bones will be broken,"9
References for John 19:36
and, as another scripture says, "They will look on the one they have pierced."10
References for John 19:37
Later, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus. Now Joseph was a disciple of Jesus, but secretly because he feared the Jews.11 With Pilate's permission, he came and took the body away.
References for John 19:38
He was accompanied by Nicodemus,12 the man who earlier had visited Jesus at night. Nicodemus brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about seventy-five pounds.
References for John 19:39
Taking Jesus' body, the two of them wrapped it, with the spices, in strips of linen.13 This was in accordance with Jewish burial customs.14
References for John 19:40
At the place where Jesus was crucified, there was a garden, and in the garden a new tomb, in which no one had ever been laid.
Because it was the Jewish day of Preparation15 and since the tomb was nearby,16 they laid Jesus there.
References for John 19:42