John 19:34

34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.

Images for John 19:34

John 19:34 in Other Translations

KJV
34 But one of the soldiers with a spear pierced his side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.
ESV
34 But one of the soldiers pierced his side with a spear, and at once there came out blood and water.
NLT
34 One of the soldiers, however, pierced his side with a spear, and immediately blood and water flowed out.
MSG
34 One of the soldiers stabbed him in the side with his spear. Blood and water gushed out.
CSB
34 But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and at once blood and water came out.

John 19:34 Meaning and Commentary

John 19:34

But one of the soldiers
Whose name some pretend to say was Longinns, and so called from the spear with which he pierced Christ:

with a spear pierced his side;
his left side, where the heart lies; though the painters make this wound on the right, and the Arabic version of Erpenius, as cited by Dr. Lightfoot, adds the word "right" to make the miracle the greater: this the soldier did, partly out of spite to Christ, and partly to know whether he was really dead; and which was so ordered by divine providence, that it might beyond all doubt appear that he really died, and was not taken down alive from the cross; so that there might be no room to call in question the truth of his resurrection, when he should appear alive again:

and forthwith came there out blood and water;
this is accounted for in a natural way by the piercing of the "pericardium", which contains a small quantity of water about the heart, and which being pierced, a person, if alive, must inevitably die; but it seems rather to be something supernatural, from the asseverations the evangelist makes. This water and blood some make to signify baptism and the Lord's supper, which are both of Christ's appointing, and spring from him, and refer to his sufferings and death; rather they signify the blessings of sanctification and justification, the grace of the one being represented by water, as it frequently is in the Old and New Testament, and the other by blood, and both from Christ: that Christ was the antitype of the rock in the wilderness, the apostle assures us, in ( 1 Corinthians 10:4 ) and if the Jews are to be believed, he was so in this instance; Jonathan ben Uzziel, in his Targum on ( Numbers 20:11 ) says that

``Moses smote the rock twice, at the first time (amda tpyja) , "blood dropped out": and at the second time abundance of waters flowed out.''
The same is affirmed by others F8 elsewhere in much the same words and order.
FOOTNOTES:

F8 Shemot Rabba, sect. 3. fol. 94. 1. Zohar in Num. fol. 102. 4.

John 19:34 In-Context

32 The soldiers therefore came and broke the legs of the first man who had been crucified with Jesus, and then those of the other.
33 But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs.
34 Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus’ side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water.
35 The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe.
36 These things happened so that the scripture would be fulfilled: “Not one of his bones will be broken,”

Cross References 2

  • 1. Zechariah 12:10; Revelation 1:7
  • 2. 1 John 5:6,8
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