8 In other words, it is not the children by physical descent who are God’s children, but it is the children of the promise who are regarded as Abraham’s offspring.
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9 For this was how the promise was stated: “At the appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son.”a
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10 Not only that, but Rebekah’s children were conceived at the same time by our father Isaac.
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11 Yet, before the twins were born or had done anything good or bad—in order that God’s purpose in election might stand:
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12 not by works but by him who calls—she was told, “The older will serve the younger.”b
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13 Just as it is written: “Jacob I loved, but Esau I hated.”c
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14 What then shall we say? Is God unjust? Not at all!
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15 For he says to Moses, “I will have mercy on whom I have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I have compassion.”d
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16 It does not, therefore, depend on human desire or effort, but on God’s mercy.
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17 For Scripture says to Pharaoh: “I raised you up for this very purpose, that I might display my power in you and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth.”e
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18 Therefore God has mercy on whom he wants to have mercy, and he hardens whom he wants to harden.