Ezekiel 45 TNIV

Israel Fully Restored

1 " 'When you allot the land as an inheritance,1 you are to present to the LORD a portion of the land as a sacred district, 25,000 cubitsa long and 20,000b cubitsc wide; the entire area will be holy.2

References for Ezekiel 45:1

    • a 45:1 - That is, about 8 miles or about 13 kilometers; also in verses 3, 5 and 6
    • b 45:1 - Septuagint (see also verses 3 and 5 and 48:9); Hebrew "10,000"
    • c 45:1 - That is, about 6 1/2 miles or about 10 kilometers
      2 Of this, a section 500 cubitsd square3 is to be for the sanctuary, with 50 cubitse around it for open land.

      References for Ezekiel 45:2

        • d 45:2 - That is, about 850 feet or about 260 meters
        • e 45:2 - That is, about 85 feet or about 26 meters
          3 In the sacred district, measure off a section 25,000 cubits long and 10,000 cubitsf wide. In it will be the sanctuary, the Most Holy Place.

          References for Ezekiel 45:3

            • f 45:3 - That is, about 3 miles or about 5.2 kilometers; also in verse 5
              4 It will be the sacred portion of the land for the priests,4 who minister in the sanctuary and who draw near to minister before the LORD. It will be a place for their houses as well as a holy place for the sanctuary.5

              References for Ezekiel 45:4

              5 An area 25,000 cubits long and 10,000 cubits wide will belong to the Levites, who serve in the temple, as their possession for towns to live in.g6

              References for Ezekiel 45:5

                • g 45:5 - Septuagint; Hebrew "temple; they will have as their possession 20 rooms"
                  6 " 'You are to give the city as its property an area %"5,000 cubitsh wide and 25,000 cubits long, adjoining the sacred portion; it will belong to the whole house of Israel.7

                  References for Ezekiel 45:6

                    • h 45:6 - That is, about 1 2/3 miles or about 2.6 kilometers
                      7 " 'The prince will have the land bordering each side of the area formed by the sacred district and the property of the city. It will extend westward from the west side and eastward from the east side, running lengthwise from the western to the eastern border parallel to one of the tribal portions.8

                      References for Ezekiel 45:7

                      8 This land will be his possession in Israel. And my princes will no longer oppress my people but will allow the house of Israel to possess the land according to their tribes.9

                      References for Ezekiel 45:8

                      9 " 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: You have gone far enough, princes of Israel! Give up your violence and oppression10 and do what is just and right.11 Stop dispossessing my people, declares the Sovereign LORD.

                      References for Ezekiel 45:9

                      10 You are to use accurate scales,12 an accurate ephahi13 and an accurate bath.j

                      References for Ezekiel 45:10

                        • i 45:10 - An ephah was a dry measure equaling about 3/5 bushel or about 22 liters.
                        • j 45:10 - A bath was a liquid measure equaling about 6 gallons or about 22 liters.
                          11 The ephah14 and the bath are to be the same size, the bath containing a tenth of a homer and the ephah a tenth of a homer; the homer is to be the standard measure for both.

                          References for Ezekiel 45:11

                          12 The shekelk is to consist of twenty gerahs.15 Twenty shekels plus twenty-five shekels plus fifteen shekels equal one mina.l

                          References for Ezekiel 45:12

                            • k 45:12 - A shekel weighed about 2/5 ounce or about 11.5 grams.
                            • l 45:12 - That is, 60 shekels; the common mina was 50 shekels. Sixty shekels were about 1 1/2 pounds or about 680 grams.
                              13 " 'This is the special gift you are to offer: a sixth of an ephahm from each homer of wheat and a sixth of an ephahn from each homer of barley.

                              References for Ezekiel 45:13

                                • m 45:13 - That is, probably about 6 pounds or about 2.8 kilograms
                                • n 45:13 - That is, probably about 5 pounds or about 2.3 kilograms
                                  14 The prescribed portion of olive oil, measured by the bath,o is a tenth of a bath from each cor (which consists of ten baths or one homer, for ten baths are equivalent to a homer).

                                  References for Ezekiel 45:14

                                    • o 45:14 - That is, about 5 pints or about 2.2 liters
                                      15 Also one sheep is to be taken from every flock of two hundred from the well-watered pastures of Israel. These will be used for the grain offerings, burnt offerings16 and fellowship offerings to make atonement17 for the people, declares the Sovereign LORD.

                                      References for Ezekiel 45:15

                                      16 All the people of the land will be required to give this special offering to the prince in Israel.
                                      17 It will be the duty of the prince to provide the burnt offerings, grain offerings and drink offerings at the festivals, the New Moons18 and the Sabbaths19--at all the appointed festivals of the house of Israel. He will provide the sin offerings,p grain offerings, burnt offerings and fellowship offerings to make atonement for the house of Israel.20

                                      References for Ezekiel 45:17

                                        • p 45:17 - Or "purification offerings"; also in verses 19, 22, 23 and 25
                                          18 " 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: In the first month21 on the first day you are to take a young bull without defect22 and purify the sanctuary.23

                                          References for Ezekiel 45:18

                                          19 The priest is to take some of the blood of the sin offering and put it on the doorposts of the temple, on the four corners of the upper ledge24 of the altar25 and on the gateposts of the inner court.

                                          References for Ezekiel 45:19

                                          20 You are to do the same on the seventh day of the month for anyone who sins unintentionally26 or through ignorance; so you are to make atonement for the temple.

                                          References for Ezekiel 45:20

                                          21 " 'In the first month on the fourteenth day you are to observe the Passover,27 a festival lasting seven days, during which you shall eat bread made without yeast.

                                          References for Ezekiel 45:21

                                          22 On that day the prince is to provide a bull as a sin offering for himself and for all the people of the land.28

                                          References for Ezekiel 45:22

                                          23 Every day during the seven days of the festival he is to provide seven bulls and seven rams29 without defect as a burnt offering to the LORD, and a male goat for a sin offering.30

                                          References for Ezekiel 45:23

                                          24 He is to provide as a grain offering31 an ephah for each bull and an ephah for each ram, along with a hinq of olive oil for each ephah.32

                                          References for Ezekiel 45:24

                                            • q 45:24 - That is, about 1 gallon or about 3.6 liters
                                              25 " 'During the seven days of the festival,33 which begins in the seventh month on the fifteenth day, he is to make the same provision for sin offerings, burnt offerings, grain offerings and oil.34

                                              References for Ezekiel 45:25