Job 10

Listen to Job 10

Job Continues: A Plea to God

1 "I 1loathe my life; I will give free utterance to my 2complaint; I will speak in 3the bitterness of my soul.
2 I will say to God, Do not 4condemn me; let me know why you 5contend against me.
3 6Does it seem good to you to oppress, to despise 7the work of your hands 8and favor the designs of the wicked?
4 Have you 9eyes of flesh? 10Do you see as man sees?
5 Are your days as the days of man, or your 11years as a man's years,
6 that you 12seek out my iniquity and search for my sin,
7 although you 13know that I am not guilty, and there is 14none to deliver out of your hand?
8 15Your hands fashioned and made me, and now you have destroyed me altogether.
9 Remember that you have made me like 16clay; and will you return me to the 17dust?
10 Did you not pour me out like milk and curdle me like cheese?
11 You clothed me with skin and flesh, and knit me together with bones and sinews.
12 You have granted me life and steadfast love, and your care has preserved my spirit.
13 Yet these things you hid in your heart; I know that 18this was your purpose.
14 If I sin, you 19watch me and do not 20acquit me of my iniquity.
15 21If I am guilty, woe to me! If I am 22in the right, I cannot lift up my head, for I am filled with disgrace and 23look on my affliction.
16 And were my head lifted up,[a] you would hunt me like 24a lion and again work 25wonders against me.
17 You renew your 26witnesses against me and increase your vexation toward me; you 27bring fresh troops against me.
18 28"Why did you bring me out from the womb? Would that I had died before any eye had seen me
19 29and were as though I had not been, carried from the womb to the grave.
20 30Are not my days few? 31Then cease, and leave me alone, 32that I may find a little cheer
21 before I go--and 33I shall not return-- to the land of 34darkness and 35deep shadow,
22 the land of gloom like thick darkness, like deep shadow without any order, where light is as thick darkness."

Job 10 Commentary

Chapter 10

Job complains of his hardships. (1-7) He pleads with God as his Maker. (8-13) He complains of God's severity. (14-22)

Verses 1-7 Job, being weary of his life, resolves to complain, but he will not charge God with unrighteousness. Here is a prayer that he might be delivered from the sting of his afflictions, which is sin. When God afflicts us, he contends with us; when he contends with us, there is always a reason; and it is desirable to know the reason, that we may repent of and forsake the sin for which God has a controversy with us. But when, like Job, we speak in the bitterness of our souls, we increase guilt and vexation. Let us harbour no hard thoughts of God; we shall hereafter see there was no cause for them. Job is sure that God does not discover things, nor judge of them, as men do; therefore he thinks it strange that God continues him under affliction, as if he must take time to inquire into his sin.

Verses 8-13 Job seems to argue with God, as if he only formed and preserved him for misery. God made us, not we ourselves. How sad that those bodies should be instruments of unrighteousness, which are capable of being temples of the Holy Ghost! But the soul is the life, the soul is the man, and this is the gift of God. If we plead with ourselves as an inducement to duty, God made me and maintains me, we may plead as an argument for mercy, Thou hast made me, do thou new-make me; I am thine, save me.

Verses 14-22 Job did not deny that as a sinner he deserved his sufferings; but he thought that justice was executed upon him with peculiar rigour. His gloom, unbelief, and hard thoughts of God, were as much to be ascribed to Satan's inward temptations, and his anguish of soul, under the sense of God's displeasure, as to his outward trials, and remaining depravity. Our Creator, become in Christ our Redeemer also, will not destroy the work of his hands in any humble believer; but will renew him unto holiness, that he may enjoy eternal life. If anguish on earth renders the grave a desirable refuge, what will be their condition who are condemned to the blackness of darkness for ever? Let every sinner seek deliverance from that dreadful state, and every believer be thankful to Jesus, who delivereth from the wrath to come.

Cross References 35

  • 1. [Job 7:16; Job 9:21; Numbers 11:15; 1 Kings 19:4]
  • 2. Job 21:4; Job 23:2
  • 3. See Job 7:11
  • 4. Job 9:29
  • 5. Job 9:3
  • 6. Job 13:9; Psalms 89:38
  • 7. Job 14:15; Psalms 138:8; Isaiah 64:8
  • 8. [Job 9:24]
  • 9. [John 8:15]
  • 10. 1 Samuel 16:7
  • 11. Job 36:26; Psalms 77:10; [Psalms 90:4; 2 Peter 3:8]
  • 12. [Job 14:16]
  • 13. [Job 2:3, 9]
  • 14. Deuteronomy 32:39; Isaiah 43:13
  • 15. Psalms 119:73
  • 16. See Job 4:17
  • 17. Job 34:15; Genesis 2:7; Genesis 3:19; Psalms 146:4; Ecclesiastes 12:7
  • 18. Job 23:14; Job 27:11
  • 19. Job 13:27; Job 33:11; Psalms 130:3
  • 20. Job 9:28
  • 21. Isaiah 3:11
  • 22. Job 9:15
  • 23. [Psalms 25:18]
  • 24. Job 28:8; Hosea 5:14; Hosea 13:7; [Isaiah 38:13]
  • 25. [Job 5:9]
  • 26. [Job 16:8; Ruth 1:21]
  • 27. [Job 19:12]
  • 28. Job 3:11; [Job 3:3]
  • 29. Obadiah 16
  • 30. See Job 14:1
  • 31. See Job 7:16
  • 32. Job 9:27; Psalms 39:13
  • 33. [Job 16:22; 2 Samuel 12:23]
  • 34. Job 30:26; Psalms 88:12
  • 35. See Job 3:5

Footnotes 1

Chapter Summary


Job here declares the greatness of his afflictions, which made him weary of his life, and could not help complaining; entreats the Lord not to condemn him but show him the reason of his thus dealing with him, Job 10:1,2; and expostulates with him about it, and suggests as if it was severe, and not easily reconciled to his perfections, when he knew he was not a wicked man, Job 10:3-7; he puts him in mind of his formation and preservation of him, and after all destroyed him, Job 10:8-12; and represents his case as very distressed; whether he was wicked or righteous it mattered not, his afflictions were increasing upon him, Job 10:13-17; and all this he observes, in order to justify his eager desire after death, which he renews, Job 10:18,19; and entreats, since his days he had to live were but few, that God would give him some respite before he went into another state, which he describes, Job 10:20-22.

Job 10 Commentaries

The English Standard Version is published with the permission of Good News Publishers.