This history begins when Alexander the Great, son of Philip of Macedonia, marched from Macedonia and attacked Darius, king of Persia and Media. Alexander enlarged the Greek Empire by defeating Darius and seizing his throne.
He fought many battles, captured fortified cities, and put the kings of the region to death.
As he advanced to the ends of the earth, he plundered many nations; and when he had conquered the world, he became proud and arrogant.
By building up a strong army, he dominated whole nations and their rulers, and forced everyone to pay him taxes.
When Alexander had been emperor for twelve years, he fell ill and realized that he was about to die. He called together his generals, noblemen who had been brought up with him since his early childhood, and he divided his empire, giving a part to each of them.