Isaiah 61:1-9

The Year of the LORD’s Favor

1 The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners,[a]
2 to proclaim the year of the LORD’s favor and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn,
3 and provide for those who grieve in Zion— to bestow on them a crown of beauty instead of ashes, the oil of joy instead of mourning, and a garment of praise instead of a spirit of despair. They will be called oaks of righteousness, a planting of the LORD for the display of his splendor.
4 They will rebuild the ancient ruins and restore the places long devastated; they will renew the ruined cities that have been devastated for generations.
5 Strangers will shepherd your flocks; foreigners will work your fields and vineyards.
6 And you will be called priests of the LORD, you will be named ministers of our God. You will feed on the wealth of nations, and in their riches you will boast.
7 Instead of your shame you will receive a double portion, and instead of disgrace you will rejoice in your inheritance. And so you will inherit a double portion in your land, and everlasting joy will be yours.
8 “For I, the LORD, love justice; I hate robbery and wrongdoing. In my faithfulness I will reward my people and make an everlasting covenant with them.
9 Their descendants will be known among the nations and their offspring among the peoples. All who see them will acknowledge that they are a people the LORD has blessed.”

Isaiah 61:1-9 Meaning and Commentary

INTRODUCTION TO ISAIAH 61

In this chapter both Christ and the church are introduced speaking, in their turns. It begins with the words of Christ, describing his work and office; his qualifications for it; the several parts and branches of it; and the ends to be answered by it; Isa 61:1-3, the reparation of the church; the feeding it by strangers; its being a holy priesthood; its enjoying the riches of the Gentiles; its having honour and joy, instead of shame and confusion; its prosperity in the work of the Lord, and the continuance of its spiritual offspring among the Gentiles, are prophesied of in Isa 61:4-9, and then the church is represented as rejoicing in the Lord, on account of her being clothed with his righteousness, so ornamental to her, Isa 61:10 and the chapter is concluded with a promise of her righteousness and glory appearing before all the nations of the world; of which the following chapter is an illustrious prophecy, Isa 61:11.

Isaiah 61:1-9 In-Context

1 The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to proclaim good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners,
2 to proclaim the year of the LORD’s favor and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn,
3 and provide for those who grieve in Zion— to bestow on them a crown of beauty instead of ashes, the oil of joy instead of mourning, and a garment of praise instead of a spirit of despair. They will be called oaks of righteousness, a planting of the LORD for the display of his splendor.
4 They will rebuild the ancient ruins and restore the places long devastated; they will renew the ruined cities that have been devastated for generations.
5 Strangers will shepherd your flocks; foreigners will work your fields and vineyards.
6 And you will be called priests of the LORD, you will be named ministers of our God. You will feed on the wealth of nations, and in their riches you will boast.
7 Instead of your shame you will receive a double portion, and instead of disgrace you will rejoice in your inheritance. And so you will inherit a double portion in your land, and everlasting joy will be yours.
8 “For I, the LORD, love justice; I hate robbery and wrongdoing. In my faithfulness I will reward my people and make an everlasting covenant with them.
9 Their descendants will be known among the nations and their offspring among the peoples. All who see them will acknowledge that they are a people the LORD has blessed.”
10 I delight greatly in the LORD; my soul rejoices in my God. For he has clothed me with garments of salvation and arrayed me in a robe of his righteousness, as a bridegroom adorns his head like a priest, and as a bride adorns herself with her jewels.
11 For as the soil makes the sprout come up and a garden causes seeds to grow, so the Sovereign LORD will make righteousness and praise spring up before all nations.

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Cross References 30

  • 1. S Isaiah 11:2; 2 Corinthians 3:17
  • 2. S Isaiah 50:4
  • 3. S Psalms 45:7; S Daniel 9:24-26; S Acts 4:26
  • 4. S 2 Samuel 18:26; S Isaiah 40:9
  • 5. S Job 5:16; S Matthew 11:5; Luke 7:22
  • 6. S 2 Kings 22:19; S Job 5:18; Isaiah 57:15
  • 7. S Leviticus 25:10
  • 8. S Psalms 68:6; S Isaiah 42:7; Isaiah 49:9
  • 9. S Isaiah 49:8; S Luke 4:18-19*
  • 10. S Isaiah 1:24; Isaiah 34:8
  • 11. S Isaiah 40:1; Isaiah 57:18; Matthew 5:4
  • 12. S Job 5:11; Luke 6:21
  • 13. S Isaiah 3:23
  • 14. S Job 2:8
  • 15. S Ruth 3:3; S Isaiah 1:6; Hebrews 1:9
  • 16. Jeremiah 31:13; Matthew 5:4
  • 17. Psalms 1:3; Psalms 92:12-13; Matthew 15:13; 1 Corinthians 3:9
  • 18. S Isaiah 44:23; Isaiah 60:20-21
  • 19. S Isaiah 44:26; Isaiah 51:3; Isaiah 65:21; Isaiah 49:8; Ezekiel 36:33; Amos 9:14; Zechariah 1:16-17
  • 20. S Isaiah 14:1-2; S Isaiah 56:6
  • 21. S Exodus 19:6; 1 Peter 2:5
  • 22. Deuteronomy 33:19; S Isaiah 60:11
  • 23. S Isaiah 29:22; S Isaiah 41:11
  • 24. S Deuteronomy 21:17; S Isaiah 40:2; Zechariah 9:12
  • 25. S Isaiah 60:21
  • 26. S Psalms 126:5; S Isaiah 25:9
  • 27. S Psalms 11:7; S Isaiah 1:17; S Isaiah 5:16
  • 28. S Genesis 9:16; S Isaiah 42:6; S Hebrews 13:20; Isaiah 55:3
  • 29. S Isaiah 43:5; S Isaiah 48:19
  • 30. S Genesis 12:2; S Deuteronomy 28:3-12

Footnotes 1

  • [a]. Hebrew; Septuagint "the blind"