Leviticus 25:1-13

The Sabbath Year

1 The LORD said to Moses at Mount Sinai,
2 “Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I am going to give you, the land itself must observe a sabbath to the LORD.
3 For six years sow your fields, and for six years prune your vineyards and gather their crops.
4 But in the seventh year the land is to have a year of sabbath rest, a sabbath to the LORD. Do not sow your fields or prune your vineyards.
5 Do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the grapes of your untended vines. The land is to have a year of rest.
6 Whatever the land yields during the sabbath year will be food for you—for yourself, your male and female servants, and the hired worker and temporary resident who live among you,
7 as well as for your livestock and the wild animals in your land. Whatever the land produces may be eaten.

The Year of Jubilee

8 “ ‘Count off seven sabbath years—seven times seven years—so that the seven sabbath years amount to a period of forty-nine years.
9 Then have the trumpet sounded everywhere on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement sound the trumpet throughout your land.
10 Consecrate the fiftieth year and proclaim liberty throughout the land to all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee for you; each of you is to return to your family property and to your own clan.
11 The fiftieth year shall be a jubilee for you; do not sow and do not reap what grows of itself or harvest the untended vines.
12 For it is a jubilee and is to be holy for you; eat only what is taken directly from the fields.
13 “ ‘In this Year of Jubilee everyone is to return to their own property.

Leviticus 25:1-13 Meaning and Commentary


In this chapter the Israelites are directed, when come into the land of Canaan, to observe every seventh year as a sabbatical year, in which there was to be no tillage of the land, and yet there would be a sufficiency for man and beast, Le 25:1-7; and every fiftieth year as a year of jubilee, in which also there was to be no tillage of the land, and every man was to return to his possession or estate, which had been sold to another any time before this, Le 25:8-17; and a promise of safety and plenty in the seventh year is made to encourage the observance of it, Le 25:18-22; and several laws and rules are delivered out concerning the sale of lands, the redemption of them, and their return to their original owner in the year of jubilee, Le 25:23-28; and the sale of houses, and the redemption of them, and the difference between those in walled cities and those in villages, with respect thereunto, Le 25:29-31; and also concerning the houses of the cities of the Levites, and the fields of the suburbs of them, Le 25:32-34; to which are added some instructions about relieving decayed, persons, and lending and giving to them, without taking usury of them, Le 25:34-38; and other laws concerning the release of such Israelites as had sold themselves for servants to the Israelites, in the year of jubilee, since none but Heathens were to be bondmen and bondmaids for ever, Le 25:39-46; and of such who were sold to proselytes, Le 25:47-55.

Cross References 18

  • 1. Exodus 19:11
  • 2. Exodus 23:10
  • 3. ver 5,6,20; Leviticus 26:35; 2 Chronicles 36:21
  • 4. Isaiah 36:16; Isaiah 37:30
  • 5. 2 Kings 19:29
  • 6. Genesis 40:10; Numbers 6:3; Numbers 13:20; Deuteronomy 23:24; Nehemiah 13:15; Isaiah 5:2
  • 7. ver 4,11
  • 8. S ver 4; ver 20
  • 9. Exodus 23:11
  • 10. Leviticus 23:24; Numbers 10:8; Joshua 6:4; Judges 3:27; Judges 7:16; 1 Samuel 13:3; Isaiah 27:13; Zechariah 9:14
  • 11. S Leviticus 16:29
  • 12. S Exodus 30:10
  • 13. Isaiah 61:1; Jer 34:8,15,17; S Luke 4:19
  • 14. ver 11,28,50; Leviticus 27:17,21; Numbers 36:4; Ezekiel 46:17
  • 15. ver 27
  • 16. S ver 10
  • 17. S ver 5
  • 18. ver 10
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