Psalms 137:7-9

7 Remember, LORD, what the Edomites did on the day Jerusalem fell. “Tear it down,” they cried, “tear it down to its foundations!”
8 Daughter Babylon, doomed to destruction, happy is the one who repays you according to what you have done to us.
9 Happy is the one who seizes your infants and dashes them against the rocks.

Psalms 137:7-9 Meaning and Commentary


The occasion of this psalm was the captivity of the Jews in Babylon, and the treatment they met with there; either as foreseen, or as now endured. Aben Ezra ascribes this psalm to David; and so the Syriac version, which calls it,

``a psalm of David; the words of the saints, who were carried captive into Babylon.''

The Septuagint, Vulgate Latin, and Ethiopic versions, make it to be David's, and yet add the name of Jeremiah; and the Arabic version calls it David's, concerning Jeremiah: but, as Theodoret observes, Jeremiah was not carried into Babylon, but, after some short stay in or near Jerusalem, was forced away into Egypt; and could neither be the writer nor subject of this psalm: and though it might be written by David under a spirit of prophecy; who thereby might foresee and foretell the Babylonish captivity, and what the Jews would suffer in it; as the prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah did, many years before it came to pass; yet it seems rather to have been written by one of the captivity, either while in it, or immediately after it.

Cross References 5

  • 1. S Genesis 25:30; S 2 Chronicles 28:17; S Psalms 83:6; Jeremiah 49:7; Lamentations 4:21-22; Ezekiel 25:12
  • 2. 2 Kings 25:1-10; Obadiah 1:11
  • 3. Psalms 74:8
  • 4. Isaiah 13:1,19; Isaiah 47:1-15; Jeremiah 25:12,26; Jeremiah 50:1; Jeremiah 50:2-51:58; Jer Jeremiah 50:15; Revelation 18:6
  • 5. S 2 Kings 8:12; S Isaiah 13:16; Luke 19:44
Scripture quoted by permission.  Quotations designated (NIV) are from THE HOLY BIBLE: NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®.  NIV®.  Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica.  All rights reserved worldwide.