These were the men who came to David at Ziklag,1 while he was banished from the presence of Saul son of Kish (they were among the warriors who helped him in battle;
References for 1 Chronicles 12:1
they were armed with bows and were able to shoot arrows or to sling stones right-handed or left-handed;2 they were kinsmen of Saul3 from the tribe of Benjamin):
References for 1 Chronicles 12:2
Ahiezer their chief and Joash the sons of Shemaah the Gibeathite; Jeziel and Pelet the sons of Azmaveth; Beracah, Jehu the Anathothite,
and Ishmaiah the Gibeonite, a mighty man among the Thirty, who was a leader of the Thirty; Jeremiah, Jahaziel, Johanan, Jozabad the Gederathite,4
References for 1 Chronicles 12:4
Eluzai, Jerimoth, Bealiah, Shemariah and Shephatiah the Haruphite;
Elkanah, Isshiah, Azarel, Joezer and Jashobeam the Korahites;
and Joelah and Zebadiah the sons of Jeroham from Gedor.5
References for 1 Chronicles 12:7
Some Gadites6 defected to David at his stronghold in the desert. They were brave warriors, ready for battle and able to handle the shield and spear. Their faces were the faces of lions,7 and they were as swift as gazelles8 in the mountains.
References for 1 Chronicles 12:8
Ezer was the chief, Obadiah the second in command, Eliab the third,
Mishmannah the fourth, Jeremiah the fifth,
Attai the sixth, Eliel the seventh,
Johanan the eighth, Elzabad the ninth,
Jeremiah the tenth and Macbannai the eleventh.
These Gadites were army commanders; the least was a match for a hundred,9 and the greatest for a thousand.10
References for 1 Chronicles 12:14
It was they who crossed the Jordan in the first month when it was overflowing all its banks,11 and they put to flight everyone living in the valleys, to the east and to the west.
References for 1 Chronicles 12:15
Other Benjamites12 and some men from Judah also came to David in his stronghold.
References for 1 Chronicles 12:16
David went out to meet them and said to them, "If you have come to me in peace, to help me, I am ready to have you unite with me. But if you have come to betray me to my enemies when my hands are free from violence, may the God of our fathers see it and judge you."
Then the Spirit13 came upon Amasai,14 chief of the Thirty, and he said: "We are yours, O David! We are with you, O son of Jesse! Success,15 success to you, and success to those who help you, for your God will help you." So David received them and made them leaders of his raiding bands.
References for 1 Chronicles 12:18
Some of the men of Manasseh defected to David when he went with the Philistines to fight against Saul. (He and his men did not help the Philistines because, after consultation, their rulers sent him away. They said, "It will cost us our heads if he deserts to his master Saul.")16
References for 1 Chronicles 12:19
When David went to Ziklag,17 these were the men of Manasseh who defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu and Zillethai, leaders of units of a thousand in Manasseh.
References for 1 Chronicles 12:20
They helped David against raiding bands, for all of them were brave warriors, and they were commanders in his army.
Day after day men came to help David, until he had a great army, like the army of God.
References for 1 Chronicles 12:22
These are the numbers of the men armed for battle who came to David at Hebron18 to turn19 Saul's kingdom over to him, as the LORD had said:20
References for 1 Chronicles 12:23
men of Judah, carrying shield and spear--6,800 armed for battle;
men of Simeon, warriors ready for battle--7,100;
men of Levi--4,600,
including Jehoiada, leader of the family of Aaron, with %"3,700 men,
and Zadok,21 a brave young warrior, with 22 officers from his family;
References for 1 Chronicles 12:28
men of Benjamin,22 Saul's kinsmen--3,000, most23 of whom had remained loyal to Saul's house until then;
References for 1 Chronicles 12:29
men of Ephraim, brave warriors, famous in their own clans--20,800;
men of half the tribe of Manasseh, designated by name to come and make David king--18,000;
men of Issachar, who understood the times and knew what Israel should do24--200 chiefs, with all their relatives under their command;
References for 1 Chronicles 12:32
men of Zebulun, experienced soldiers prepared for battle with every type of weapon, to help David with undivided loyalty--50,000;
men of Naphtali--1,000 officers, together with 37,000 men carrying shields and spears;
men of Dan, ready for battle--28,600;
men of Asher, experienced soldiers prepared for battle--40,000;
and from east of the Jordan, men of Reuben, Gad and the half-tribe of Manasseh, armed with every type of weapon--120,000.
All these were fighting men who volunteered to serve in the ranks. They came to Hebron fully determined to make David king over all Israel.25 All the rest of the Israelites were also of one mind to make David king.
References for 1 Chronicles 12:38
The men spent three days there with David, eating and drinking,26 for their families had supplied provisions for them.
References for 1 Chronicles 12:39
Also, their neighbors from as far away as Issachar, Zebulun and Naphtali came bringing food on donkeys, camels, mules and oxen. There were plentiful supplies27 of flour, fig cakes, raisin28 cakes, wine, oil, cattle and sheep, for there was joy29 in Israel.
References for 1 Chronicles 12:40