Compare Translations for 1 Chronicles 4:37

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (ASV) and Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah--

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (BBE) And Ziza, the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah;

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (CEB) and Ziza son of Shiphi son of Allon son of Jedaiah son of Shimri son of Shemaiah.

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (CEBA) and Ziza son of Shiphi son of Allon son of Jedaiah son of Shimri son of Shemaiah.

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (CJB) Ziza the son of Shif'i the son of Alon the son of Y'da'yah the son of Shimri the son of Sh'ma'yah -

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (CSB) and Ziza son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedaiah, son of Shimri, son of Shemaiah-

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (DBY) and Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah:

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (ESV) Ziza the son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedaiah, son of Shimri, son of Shemaiah--

  • 1 Chronicles 4 (GNT) These are some of the descendants of Judah: Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal. Shobal was the father of Reaiah, who was the father of Jahath, the father of Ahumai and Lahad, the ancestors of the people who lived in Zorah. Hur was the oldest son of his father Caleb's wife Ephrath, and his descendants founded the city of Bethlehem. Hur had three sons: Etam, Penuel, and Ezer. Etam had three sons: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash, and one daughter, Hazzelelponi. Penuel founded the city of Gedor, and Ezer founded Hushah. Ashhur, who founded the town of Tekoa, had two wives, Helah and Naarah. He and Naarah had four sons: Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. Ashhur and Helah had three sons: Zereth, Izhar, and Ethnan. Koz was the father of Anub and Zobebah, and the ancestor of the clans descended from Aharhel son of Harum. There was a man named Jabez, who was the most respected member of his family. His mother had given him the name Jabez, because his birth had been very painful. But Jabez prayed to the God of Israel, "Bless me, God, and give me much land. Be with me and keep me from anything evil that might cause me pain." And God gave him what he prayed for. Caleb, the brother of Shuhah, had a son, Mehir. Mehir was the father of Eshton, who had three sons: Bethrapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah. Tehinnah was the founder of the city of Nahash. The descendants of these men lived in Recah. Kenaz had two sons, Othniel and Seraiah. Othniel also had two sons, Hathath and Meonothai. Meonothai was the father of Ophrah. Seraiah was the father of Joab, the founder of Handcraft Valley, where all the people were skilled workers. Caleb son of Jephunneh had three sons: Iru, Elah, and Naam. And Elah was the father of Kenaz. Jehallelel had four sons: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel. Ezrah had four sons: Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. Mered married Bithiah, a daughter of the king of Egypt, and they had a daughter, Miriam, and two sons, Shammai and Ishbah. Ishbah founded the town of Eshtemoa. Mered also married a woman from the tribe of Judah, and they had three sons: Jered, who founded the town of Gedor; Heber, founder of the town of Soco; and Jekuthiel, founder of the town of Zanoah. Hodiah married the sister of Naham. Their descendants founded the clan of Garm, which lived in the town of Keilah, and the clan of Maacath, which lived in the town of Eshtemoa. Shimon had four sons: Amnon, Rinnah, Benhanan, and Tilon. Ishi had two sons: Zoheth and Benzoheth. Shelah was one of Judah's sons. His descendants included Er, who founded the town of Lecah; Laadah, founder of the town of Mareshah; the clan of linen weavers, who lived in the town of Beth Ashbea; Jokim and the people who lived in the town of Cozeba; and Joash and Saraph, who married Moabite women and then settled in Bethlehem. (These traditions are very old.) They were potters in the service of the king and lived in the towns of Netaim and Gederah. Simeon had five sons: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul. Shaul's son was Shallum, his grandson was Mibsam, and his great-grandson was Mishma. Then from Mishma the line descended through Hammuel, Zaccur, and Shimei. Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters, but his relatives had fewer children, and the tribe of Simeon did not grow as much as the tribe of Judah did. Down to the time of King David the descendants of Simeon lived in the following towns: Beersheba, Moladah, Hazarshual, Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, Beth Marcaboth, Hazarsusim, Bethbiri, and Shaaraim. They also lived in five other places: Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan, and the surrounding villages, as far southwest as the town of Baalath. These are the records which they kept of their families and of the places where they lived. The following men were the heads of their clans: Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah son of Amaziah, Joel, Jehu (the son of Joshibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel), Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah, Ziza (the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, a descendant of Jedaiah, Shimri, and Shemaiah). Because their families continued to grow, they spread out westward almost to Gerar and pastured their sheep on the eastern side of the valley in which that city is located. They found plenty of fertile pasture lands there in a stretch of open country that was quiet and peaceful. The people who had lived there before were Hamites. In the time of King Hezekiah of Judah, the men named above went to Gerar and destroyed the tents and huts of the people who lived there. They drove the people out and settled there permanently because there was plenty of pasture for their sheep. Five hundred other members of the tribe of Simeon went east to Edom. They were led by the sons of Ishi: Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel. There they killed the surviving Amalekites, and they have lived there ever since.

  • 1 Chronicles 4 (GNTA) These are some of the descendants of Judah: Perez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal. Shobal was the father of Reaiah, who was the father of Jahath, the father of Ahumai and Lahad, the ancestors of the people who lived in Zorah. Hur was the oldest son of his father Caleb's wife Ephrath, and his descendants founded the city of Bethlehem. Hur had three sons: Etam, Penuel, and Ezer. Etam had three sons: Jezreel, Ishma, and Idbash, and one daughter, Hazzelelponi. Penuel founded the city of Gedor, and Ezer founded Hushah. Ashhur, who founded the town of Tekoa, had two wives, Helah and Naarah. He and Naarah had four sons: Ahuzzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. Ashhur and Helah had three sons: Zereth, Izhar, and Ethnan. Koz was the father of Anub and Zobebah, and the ancestor of the clans descended from Aharhel son of Harum. There was a man named Jabez, who was the most respected member of his family. His mother had given him the name Jabez, because his birth had been very painful. But Jabez prayed to the God of Israel, "Bless me, God, and give me much land. Be with me and keep me from anything evil that might cause me pain." And God gave him what he prayed for. Caleb, the brother of Shuhah, had a son, Mehir. Mehir was the father of Eshton, who had three sons: Bethrapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah. Tehinnah was the founder of the city of Nahash. The descendants of these men lived in Recah. Kenaz had two sons, Othniel and Seraiah. Othniel also had two sons, Hathath and Meonothai. Meonothai was the father of Ophrah. Seraiah was the father of Joab, the founder of Handcraft Valley, where all the people were skilled workers. Caleb son of Jephunneh had three sons: Iru, Elah, and Naam. And Elah was the father of Kenaz. Jehallelel had four sons: Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asarel. Ezrah had four sons: Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. Mered married Bithiah, a daughter of the king of Egypt, and they had a daughter, Miriam, and two sons, Shammai and Ishbah. Ishbah founded the town of Eshtemoa. Mered also married a woman from the tribe of Judah, and they had three sons: Jered, who founded the town of Gedor; Heber, founder of the town of Soco; and Jekuthiel, founder of the town of Zanoah. Hodiah married the sister of Naham. Their descendants founded the clan of Garm, which lived in the town of Keilah, and the clan of Maacath, which lived in the town of Eshtemoa. Shimon had four sons: Amnon, Rinnah, Benhanan, and Tilon. Ishi had two sons: Zoheth and Benzoheth. Shelah was one of Judah's sons. His descendants included Er, who founded the town of Lecah; Laadah, founder of the town of Mareshah; the clan of linen weavers, who lived in the town of Beth Ashbea; Jokim and the people who lived in the town of Cozeba; and Joash and Saraph, who married Moabite women and then settled in Bethlehem. (These traditions are very old.) They were potters in the service of the king and lived in the towns of Netaim and Gederah. Simeon had five sons: Nemuel, Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul. Shaul's son was Shallum, his grandson was Mibsam, and his great-grandson was Mishma. Then from Mishma the line descended through Hammuel, Zaccur, and Shimei. Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters, but his relatives had fewer children, and the tribe of Simeon did not grow as much as the tribe of Judah did. Down to the time of King David the descendants of Simeon lived in the following towns: Beersheba, Moladah, Hazarshual, Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag, Beth Marcaboth, Hazarsusim, Bethbiri, and Shaaraim. They also lived in five other places: Etam, Ain, Rimmon, Tochen, and Ashan, and the surrounding villages, as far southwest as the town of Baalath. These are the records which they kept of their families and of the places where they lived. The following men were the heads of their clans: Meshobab, Jamlech, Joshah son of Amaziah, Joel, Jehu (the son of Joshibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel), Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah, Ziza (the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, a descendant of Jedaiah, Shimri, and Shemaiah). Because their families continued to grow, they spread out westward almost to Gerar and pastured their sheep on the eastern side of the valley in which that city is located. They found plenty of fertile pasture lands there in a stretch of open country that was quiet and peaceful. The people who had lived there before were Hamites. In the time of King Hezekiah of Judah, the men named above went to Gerar and destroyed the tents and huts of the people who lived there. They drove the people out and settled there permanently because there was plenty of pasture for their sheep. Five hundred other members of the tribe of Simeon went east to Edom. They were led by the sons of Ishi: Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, and Uzziel. There they killed the surviving Amalekites, and they have lived there ever since.

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (GW) Ziza (son of Shiphi, grandson of Allon, great-grandson of Jedaiah, a descendant of Shimri and Shemaiah).

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (HNV) and Ziza the son of Shif`i, the son of Allon, the son of Yedayah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemayah

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (JUB) and Ziza, the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah.

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (KJV) And Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah;

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (KJVA) And Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah;

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (LEB) and Ziza the son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedaiah, son of Shimri, son of Shemaiah.

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (MSG) and Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (NAS) Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah;

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (NIRV) and Ziza. Ziza was the son of Shiphi. Shiphi was the son of Allon. Allon was the son of Jedaiah. Jedaiah was the son of Shimri. And Shimri was the son of Shemaiah.

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (NIV) and Ziza son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah.

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (NKJV) Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah--

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (NLT) and Ziza son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedaiah, son of Shimri, son of Shemaiah.

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (NRS) Ziza son of Shiphi son of Allon son of Jedaiah son of Shimri son of Shemaiah—

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (NRSA) Ziza son of Shiphi son of Allon son of Jedaiah son of Shimri son of Shemaiah—

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (RHE) Ziza also the son of Sephei the son of Allon the son of Idaia the son of Semri the son of Samaia.

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (RSV) Ziza the son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedai'ah, son of Shimri, son of Shemai'ah--

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (RSVA) Ziza the son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedai'ah, son of Shimri, son of Shemai'ah--

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (TMB) and Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah --

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (TMBA) and Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah --

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (TNIV) and Ziza son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah.

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (WBT) And Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah;

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (WEB) and Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah-

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (WYC) and Ziza, the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah.

  • 1 Chronicles 4:37 (YLT) and Ziza son of Shiphi, son of Allon, son of Jedaiah, son of Shimri, son of Shemaiah.

Commentaries For 1 Chronicles 4

  • Chapter 4

    Genealogies.

    - In this chapter we have a further account of Judah, the most numerous and most famous of all the tribes; also an account of Simeon. The most remarkable person in this chapter is Jabez. We are not told upon what account Jabez was more honourable than his brethren; but we find that he was a praying man. The way to be truly great, is to seek to do God's will, and to pray earnestly. Here is the prayer he made. Jabez prayed to the living and true God, who alone can hear and answer prayer; and, in prayer he regarded him as a God in covenant with his people. He does not express his promise, but leaves it to be understood; he was afraid to promise in his own strength, and resolved to devote himself entirely to God. Lord, if thou wilt bless me and keep me, do what thou wilt with me; I will be at thy command and disposal for ever. As the text reads it, this was the language of a most ardent and affectionate desire, Oh that thou wouldest bless me! Four things Jabez prayed for. 1. That God would bless him indeed. Spiritual blessings are the best blessings: God's blessings are real things, and produce real effects. 2. That He would enlarge his coast. That God would enlarge our hearts, and so enlarge our portion in himself, and in the heavenly Canaan, ought to be our desire and prayer. 3. That God's hand might be with him. God's hand with us, to lead us, protect us, strengthen us, and to work all our works in us and for us, is a hand all-sufficient for us. 4. That he would keep him from evil, the evil of sin, the evil of trouble, all the evil designs of his enemies, that they might not hurt, nor make him a Jabez indeed, a man of sorrow. God granted that which he requested. God is ever ready to hear prayer: his ear is not now heavy.

  • CHAPTER 4

    1 Chronicles 4:1-8 . POSTERITY OF JUDAH BY CALEB THE SON OF HUR.

    1. the sons of Judah--that is, "the descendants," for with the exception of Pharez, none of those here mentioned were his immediate sons. Indeed, the others are mentioned solely to introduce the name of Shobal, whose genealogy the historian intended to trace ( 1 Chronicles 2:52 ).

    1 Chronicles 4:9-20 . OF JABEZ, AND HIS PRAYER.

    9, 10. Jabez--was, as many think, the son of Coz, or Kenaz, and is here eulogized for his sincere and fervent piety, as well, perhaps, as for some public and patriotic works which he performed. The Jewish writers affirm that he was an eminent doctor in the law, whose reputation drew so many scribes around him that a town was called by his name ( 1 Chronicles 2:55 ); and to the piety of his character this passage bears ample testimony. The memory of the critical circumstances which marked his birth was perpetuated in his name (compare Genesis 35:15 ); and yet, in the development of his high talents or distinguished worth in later life, his mother must have found a satisfaction and delight that amply compensated for all her early trials. His prayer which is here recorded, and which, like Jacob's, is in the form of a vow ( Genesis 28:20 ), seems to have been uttered when he was entering on an important or critical service, for the successful execution of which he placed confidence neither on his own nor his people's prowess, but looked anxiously for the aid and blessing of God. The enterprise was in all probability the expulsion of the Canaanites from the territory he occupied; and as this was a war of extermination, which God Himself had commanded, His blessing could be the more reasonably asked and expected in preserving them from all the evils to which the undertaking might expose him. In these words, "that it may not grieve me," and which might be more literally rendered, "that I may have no more sorrow," there is an allusion to the meaning of his name, Jabez, signifying "grief"; and the import of this petition is, Let me not experience the grief which my name implies, and which my sins may well produce.

    10. God granted him that which he requested--Whatever was the kind of undertaking which roused his anxieties, Jabez enjoyed a remarkable degree of prosperity, and God, in this instance, proved that He was not only the hearer, but the answerer of prayer.

    13. the sons of Kenaz--the grandfather of Caleb, who from that relationship is called a Kenezite ( Numbers 32:12 ).

    14. Joab, the father of the valley--literally, "the father of the inhabitants of the valley"--"the valley of craftsmen," as the word denotes. They dwelt together, according to a custom which, independently of any law, extensively prevails in Eastern countries for persons of the same trade to inhabit the same street or the same quarter, and to follow the same occupation from father to son, through many generations. Their occupation was probably that of carpenters, and the valley where they lived seems to have been in the neighborhood of Jerusalem ( Nehemiah 11:35 ).

    17, 18. she bare Miriam--It is difficult, as the verses stand at present, to see who is meant. The following readjustment of the text clears away the obscurity: "These are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took, and she bare Miriam, and his wife Jehudijah bare Jezreel," &c.

    18. Jehudijah--"the Jewess," to distinguish her from his other wife, who was an Egyptian. This passage records a very interesting fact--the marriage of an Egyptian princess to a descendant of Caleb. The marriage must have taken place in the wilderness. The barriers of a different national language and national religion kept the Hebrews separate from the Egyptians; but they did not wholly prevent intimacies, and even occasional intermarriages between private individuals of the two nations. Before such unions, however, could be sanctioned, the Egyptian party must have renounced idolatry, and this daughter of Pharaoh, as appears from her name, had become a convert to the worship of the God of Israel.

    1 Chronicles 4:21-23 . POSTERITY OF SHELAH.

    21. Laadah . . . the father . . . of the house of them that wrought fine linen--Here, again, is another incidental evidence that in very early times certain trades were followed by particular families among the Hebrews, apparently in hereditary succession. Their knowledge of the art of linen manufacture had been, most probably, acquired in Egypt, where the duty of bringing up families to the occupations of their forefathers was a compulsory obligation, whereas in Israel, as in many parts of Asia to this day, it was optional, though common.

    22, 23. had the dominion in Moab, and Jashubi-lehem--"And these are ancient things" seems a strange rendering of a proper name; and, besides, it conveys a meaning that has no bearing on the record. The following improved translation has been suggested: "Sojourned in Moab, but returned to Beth-lehem and Adaberim-athekim. These and the inhabitants of Netaim and Gedera were potters employed by the king in his own work." Gedera or Gederoth, and Netaim, belonged to the tribe of Judah, and lay on the southeast border of the Philistines' territory ( Joshua 15:36 , 2 Chronicles 28:18 ).

    1 Chronicles 4:24-43 . OF SIMEON.

    24. The sons of Simeon--They are classed along with those of Judah, as their possession was partly taken out of the extensive territory of the latter ( Joshua 19:1 ). The difference in several particulars of the genealogy given here from that given in other passages is occasioned by some of the persons mentioned having more than one name [compare Genesis 46:10 , Exodus 6:15 , Numbers 26:12 ].

    27. his brethren had not many children--(see Numbers 1:22 , 26:14 ).

    31-43. These were their cities unto the reign of David--In consequence of the sloth or cowardice of the Simeonites, some of the cities within their allotted territory were only nominally theirs. They were never taken from the Philistines until David's time, when, the Simeonites having forfeited all claim to them, he assigned them to his own tribe of Judah ( 1 Samuel 27:6 ).

    38, 39. increased greatly, and they went to the entrance of Gedor--Simeon having only a part of the land of Judah, they were forced to seek accommodation elsewhere; but their establishment in the new and fertile pastures of Gederah was soon broken up; for, being attacked by a band of nomad plunderers, they were driven from place to place till some of them effected by force a settlement on Mount Seir.