Saul was [thirty]a years old when he became king, and he reigned over Israel [forty-]b two years.
Saulc chose three thousand men from Israel; two thousand1 were with him at Micmash2 and in the hill country of Bethel, and a thousand were with Jonathan at Gibeah3 in Benjamin. The rest of the men he sent back to their homes.
Jonathan attacked the Philistine outpost4 at Geba,5 and the Philistines heard about it. Then Saul had the trumpet6 blown throughout the land and said, "Let the Hebrews hear!"
So all Israel heard the news: "Saul has attacked the Philistine outpost, and now Israel has become a stench7 to the Philistines." And the people were summoned to join Saul at Gilgal.
The Philistines assembled8 to fight Israel, with three thousandd chariots, six thousand charioteers, and soldiers as numerous as the sand9 on the seashore. They went up and camped at Micmash,10 east of Beth Aven.116
When the men of Israel saw that their situation was critical and that their army was hard pressed, they hid12 in caves and thickets, among the rocks, and in pits and cisterns.13