Raiding1 parties went out from the Philistine camp in three detachments. One turned toward Ophrah2 in the vicinity of Shual,
another toward Beth Horon,3 and the third toward the borderland overlooking the Valley of Zeboim4 facing the desert.
Not a blacksmith5 could be found in the whole land of Israel, because the Philistines had said, "Otherwise the Hebrews will make swords or spears!6"
So all Israel went down to the Philistines to have their plowshares, mattocks, axes and sicklesa sharpened.
The price was two thirds of a shekelb for sharpening plowshares and mattocks, and a third of a shekelc for sharpening forks and axes and for repointing goads.
So on the day of the battle not a soldier with Saul and Jonathan7 had a sword or spear8 in his hand; only Saul and his son Jonathan had them.