Now the Philistines gathered their forces for war and assembled at Sokoh in Judah. They pitched camp at Ephes Dammim, between Sokoh and Azekah.
References for 1 Samuel 17:1
Saul and the Israelites assembled and camped in the Valley of Elah and drew up their battle line to meet the Philistines.
References for 1 Samuel 17:2
The Philistines occupied one hill and the Israelites another, with the valley between them.
A champion named Goliath, who was from Gath, came out of the Philistine camp. His height was six cubits and a span.
References for 1 Samuel 17:4
He had a bronze helmet on his head and wore a coat of scale armor of bronze weighing five thousand shekels ;
References for 1 Samuel 17:5
on his legs he wore bronze greaves, and a bronze javelin was slung on his back.
References for 1 Samuel 17:6
His spear shaft was like a weaver’s rod, and its iron point weighed six hundred shekels. His shield bearer went ahead of him.
References for 1 Samuel 17:7
Goliath stood and shouted to the ranks of Israel, “Why do you come out and line up for battle? Am I not a Philistine, and are you not the servants of Saul? Choose a man and have him come down to me.
References for 1 Samuel 17:8
If he is able to fight and kill me, we will become your subjects; but if I overcome him and kill him, you will become our subjects and serve us.”
Then the Philistine said, “This day I defy the armies of Israel! Give me a man and let us fight each other.”
References for 1 Samuel 17:10
On hearing the Philistine’s words, Saul and all the Israelites were dismayed and terrified.
Now David was the son of an Ephrathite named Jesse, who was from Bethlehem in Judah. Jesse had eight sons, and in Saul’s time he was very old.
References for 1 Samuel 17:12
Jesse’s three oldest sons had followed Saul to the war: The firstborn was Eliab; the second, Abinadab; and the third, Shammah.
References for 1 Samuel 17:13
David was the youngest. The three oldest followed Saul,
but David went back and forth from Saul to tend his father’s sheep at Bethlehem.
References for 1 Samuel 17:15
For forty days the Philistine came forward every morning and evening and took his stand.
Now Jesse said to his son David, “Take this ephah of roasted grain and these ten loaves of bread for your brothers and hurry to their camp.
References for 1 Samuel 17:17
Take along these ten cheeses to the commander of their unit. See how your brothers are and bring back some assurance from them.
References for 1 Samuel 17:18
They are with Saul and all the men of Israel in the Valley of Elah, fighting against the Philistines.”