Saul was afraid1 of David, because the LORD 2 was with3 David but had left4 Saul.
References for 1 Samuel 18:12
So he sent David away from him and gave him command over a thousand men, and David led5 the troops in their campaigns.6
References for 1 Samuel 18:13
In everything he did he had great success,7 because the LORD was with8 him.
References for 1 Samuel 18:14
When Saul saw how successful he was, he was afraid of him.
References for 1 Samuel 18:15
But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he led them in their campaigns.9
References for 1 Samuel 18:16
Saul said to David, "Here is my older daughter10 Merab. I will give her to you in marriage;11 only serve me bravely and fight the battles12 of the LORD." For Saul said to himself,13 "I will not raise a hand against him. Let the Philistines do that!"
References for 1 Samuel 18:17
But David said to Saul, "Who am I,14 and what is my family or my father's clan in Israel, that I should become the king's son-in-law?15"
References for 1 Samuel 18:18
So when the time came for Merab,16 Saul's daughter, to be given to David, she was given in marriage to Adriel of Meholah.17
References for 1 Samuel 18:19
Now Saul's daughter Michal18 was in love with David, and when they told Saul about it, he was pleased.19
References for 1 Samuel 18:20
"I will give her to him," he thought, "so that she may be a snare20 to him and so that the hand of the Philistines may be against him." So Saul said to David, "Now you have a second opportunity to become my son-in-law."
References for 1 Samuel 18:21
Then Saul ordered his attendants: "Speak to David privately and say, 'Look, the king is pleased with you, and his attendants all like you; now become his son-in-law.' "
They repeated these words to David. But David said, "Do you think it is a small matter to become the king's son-in-law?21 I'm only a poor man and little known."
References for 1 Samuel 18:23
When Saul's servants told him what David had said,
Saul replied, "Say to David, 'The king wants no other price22 for the bride than a hundred Philistine foreskins, to take revenge23 on his enemies.' " Saul's plan24 was to have David fall by the hands of the Philistines.
References for 1 Samuel 18:25
When the attendants told David these things, he was pleased to become the king's son-in-law. So before the allotted time elapsed,
David and his men went out and killed two hundred Philistines. He brought their foreskins and presented the full number to the king so that he might become the king's son-in-law. Then Saul gave him his daughter Michal25 in marriage.
References for 1 Samuel 18:27
When Saul realized that the LORD was with David and that his daughter Michal26 loved David,
References for 1 Samuel 18:28
Saul became still more afraid27 of him, and he remained his enemy the rest of his days.
References for 1 Samuel 18:29
The Philistine commanders continued to go out to battle, and as often as they did, David met with more success28 than the rest of Saul's officers, and his name became well known.
References for 1 Samuel 18:30