When David was told, "Look, the Philistines are fighting against Keilah1 and are looting the threshing floors,"2
References for 1 Samuel 23:1
he inquired3 of the LORD, saying, "Shall I go and attack these Philistines?" The LORD answered him, "Go, attack the Philistines and save Keilah."
References for 1 Samuel 23:2
But David's men said to him, "Here in Judah we are afraid. How much more, then, if we go to Keilah against the Philistine forces!"
Once again David inquired4 of the LORD, and the LORD answered him, "Go down to Keilah, for I am going to give the Philistines5 into your hand.6
References for 1 Samuel 23:4
So David and his men went to Keilah, fought the Philistines and carried off their livestock. He inflicted heavy losses on the Philistines and saved the people of Keilah.
(Now Abiathar7 son of Ahimelech had brought the ephod8 down with him when he fled to David at Keilah.)
References for 1 Samuel 23:6
Saul was told that David had gone to Keilah, and he said, "God has handed him over9 to me, for David has imprisoned himself by entering a town with gates and bars."10
References for 1 Samuel 23:7
And Saul called up all his forces for battle, to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men.
When David learned that Saul was plotting against him, he said to Abiathar11 the priest, "Bring the ephod.12"
References for 1 Samuel 23:9
David said, "O LORD, God of Israel, your servant has heard definitely that Saul plans to come to Keilah and destroy the town on account of me.
Will the citizens of Keilah surrender me to him? Will Saul come down, as your servant has heard? O LORD, God of Israel, tell your servant." And the LORD said, "He will."
Again David asked, "Will the citizens of Keilah surrender13 me and my men to Saul?" And the LORD said, "They will."
References for 1 Samuel 23:12
So David and his men,14 about six hundred in number, left Keilah and kept moving from place to place. When Saul was told that David had escaped from Keilah, he did not go there.
References for 1 Samuel 23:13