And Saul called up all his forces for battle, to go down to Keilah to besiege David and his men.
When David learned that Saul was plotting against him, he said to Abiathar1 the priest, "Bring the ephod.2"
References for 1 Samuel 23:9
David said, "O LORD, God of Israel, your servant has heard definitely that Saul plans to come to Keilah and destroy the town on account of me.
Will the citizens of Keilah surrender me to him? Will Saul come down, as your servant has heard? O LORD, God of Israel, tell your servant." And the LORD said, "He will."
Again David asked, "Will the citizens of Keilah surrender3 me and my men to Saul?" And the LORD said, "They will."
References for 1 Samuel 23:12
So David and his men,4 about six hundred in number, left Keilah and kept moving from place to place. When Saul was told that David had escaped from Keilah, he did not go there.
References for 1 Samuel 23:13
David stayed in the desert5 strongholds and in the hills of the Desert of Ziph.6 Day after day Saul searched7 for him, but God did not8 give David into his hands
References for 1 Samuel 23:14
While David was at Horesh in the Desert of Ziph, he learned that Saul had come out to take his life.9
References for 1 Samuel 23:15
And Saul's son Jonathan went to David at Horesh and helped him find strength10 in God.
References for 1 Samuel 23:16
"Don't be afraid," he said. "My father Saul will not lay a hand on you. You will be king11 over Israel, and I will be second to you. Even my father Saul knows this."
References for 1 Samuel 23:17
The two of them made a covenant12 before the LORD. Then Jonathan went home, but David remained at Horesh.
References for 1 Samuel 23:18