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1 Samuel 23:18

18 The two of them made a covenant before the LORD. Then Jonathan went home, but David remained at Horesh.

Read 1 Samuel 23:18 Using Other Translations

And they two made a covenant before the LORD: and David abode in the wood, and Jonathan went to his house.
And the two of them made a covenant before the LORD. David remained at Horesh, and Jonathan went home.
So the two of them renewed their solemn pact before the LORD . Then Jonathan returned home, while David stayed at Horesh.

What does 1 Samuel 23:18 mean?

John Gill's Exposition of the Bible
1 Samuel 23:18

And they two made a covenant before the Lord
Renewed the covenant they had before made in the name and fear of God, and before him as a witness of it. Kimchi and Abarbinel interpret this phrase,

before the Lord,
of the covenant being made before Abiathar, with the Urim and Thummim in his hand; and so Jerom F16, before Gad the prophet, and Abiathar who wore the ephod:

and David abode in the wood;
being a proper place for him for secrecy and safety:

and Jonathan went to his house;
in Gibeah; and these two dear and cordial friends never saw one another more, as is highly probable.


FOOTNOTES:

F16 Trad. Heb. in lib. Reg. fol. 76. K.
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