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Compare Translations for 2 Chronicles 34:29

2 Chronicles 34:29 ASV
Then the king sent and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 BBE
Then the king sent and got together all the responsible men of Judah and of Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 CEB
the king sent a message and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 CJB
Then the king summoned and assembled all the leaders of Y'hudah and Yerushalayim.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 RHE
And he called together all the ancients of Juda and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 ESV
Then the king sent and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 GW
Then the king sent for all the respected leaders of Judah and Jerusalem to join him.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 GNT
King Josiah summoned all the leaders of Judah and Jerusalem,
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2 Chronicles 34:29 HNV
Then the king sent and gathered together all the Zakenim of Yehudah and Yerushalayim.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 CSB
So the king sent [messengers] and gathered all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 KJV
Then the king sent and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 LEB
Then they sent [word] to the king, and he gathered all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 NAS
Then the king sent and gathered all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 NCV
Then the king gathered all the older leaders of Judah and Jerusalem together.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 NIRV
Then the king called together all of the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 NIV
Then the king called together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 NKJV
Then the king sent and gathered all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 NLT
Then the king summoned all the leaders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 NRS
Then the king sent word and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 RSV
Then the king sent and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 DBY
And the king sent and gathered all the elders of Judah and of Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 MSG
The king acted immediately, assembling all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem,
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2 Chronicles 34:29 WBT
Then the king sent and convened all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 TMB
Then the king sent and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 TNIV
Then the king called together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 WEB
Then the king sent and gathered together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem.
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2 Chronicles 34:29 WYC
And after that the king had called together all the elder men of Judah and of Jerusalem,
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2 Chronicles 34:29 YLT
And the king sendeth and gathereth all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem,
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2 Chronicles 34 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 34

Josiah's good reign in Judah.

- As the years of infancy cannot be useful to our fellow-creatures, our earliest youth should be dedicated to God, that we may not waste any of the remaining short space of life. Happy and wise are those who seek the Lord and prepare for usefulness at an early age, when others are pursuing sinful pleasures, contracting bad habits, and forming ruinous connexions. Who can express the anguish prevented by early piety, and its blessed effects? Diligent self-examination and watchfulness will convince us of the deceitfulness and wickedness of our own hearts, and the sinfulness of our lives. We are here encouraged to humble ourselves before God, and to seek unto him, as Josiah did. And believers are here taught, not to fear death, but to welcome it, when it takes them away from the evil to come. Nothing hastens the ruin of a people, nor ripens them for it, more than their disregard of the attempts made for their reformation. Be not deceived, God is not mocked. The current and tide of affections only turns at the command of Him who raises up those that are dead in trespasses and sins. We behold peculiar loveliness, in the grace the Lord bestows on those, who in tender years seek to know and to love the Saviour. Hath Jesus, the Day-spring from on high, visited you? Can you trace your knowledge of this light and life of man, like Josiah, from your youth? Oh the unspeakable happiness of becoming acquainted with Jesus from our earliest years!

2 Chronicles 34 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 34

2 Chronicles 34:1 2 Chronicles 34:2 . JOSIAH'S GOOD REIGN.

1. Josiah was eight years testimony borne to the undeviating steadfastness of his adherence to the cause of true religion places his character and reign in honorable contrast with those of many of his royal predecessors.

2 Chronicles 34:3-7 . HE DESTROYS IDOLATRY.

3. in the eighth year of his reign--This was the sixteenth year of his age, and, as the kings of Judah were considered minors till they had completed their thirteenth year, it was three years after he had attained majority. He had very early manifested the piety and excellent dispositions of his character. In the twelfth year of his reign, but the twentieth of his age, he began to take a lively interest in the purgation of his kingdom from all the monuments of idolatry which, in his father's short reign, had been erected. At a later period, his increasing zeal for securing the purity of divine worship led him to superintend the work of demolition in various parts of his dominion. The course of the narrative in this passage is somewhat different from that followed in the Book of Kings. For the historian, having made allusion to the early manifestation of Josiah's zeal, goes on with a full detail of all the measures this good king adopted for the extirpation of idolatry; whereas the author of the Book of Kings sets out with the cleansing of the temple, immediately previous to the celebration of the passover, and embraces that occasion to give a general description of Josiah's policy for freeing the land from idolatrous pollution. The exact chronological order is not followed either in Kings or Chronicles. But it is clearly recorded in both that the abolition of idolatry began in the twelfth and was completed in the eighteenth year of Josiah's reign. Notwithstanding Josiah's undoubted sincerity and zeal and the people's apparent compliance with the king's orders, he could not extinguish a strongly rooted attachment to idolatries introduced in the early part of Manasseh's reign. This latent predilection appears unmistakably developed in the subsequent reigns, and the divine decree for the removal of Judah, as well as Israel, into captivity was irrevocably passed.

4. the graves of them that had sacrificed unto them--He treated the graves themselves as guilty of the crimes of those who were lying in them [BERTHEAU].

5. he burnt the bones of the priests upon their altars--A greater brand of infamy could not have been put on idolatrous priests than the disinterment of their bones, and a greater defilement could not have been done to the altars of idolatry than the burning upon them the bones of those who had there officiated in their lifetime.

6. with their mattocks--or, "in their deserts"--so that the verse will stand thus: "And so did [namely, break the altars and burn the bones of priests] he in the cities of Manasseh, and Ephraim, and Simeon, even unto Naphtali, in their deserted suburbs." The reader is apt to be surprised on finding that Josiah, whose hereditary possessions were confined to the kingdom of Judah, exercised as much authority among the tribes of Ephraim, Manasseh, Simeon, and others as far as Naphtali, as he did within his own dominion. Therefore, it is necessary to observe that, after the destruction of Samaria by Shalmaneser, the remnant that continued on the mountains of Israel maintained a close intercourse with Judah, and looked to the sovereigns of that kingdom as their natural protectors. Those kings acquired great influence over them, which Josiah exercised in removing every vestige of idolatry from the land. He could not have done this without the acquiescence of the people in the propriety of this proceeding, conscious that this was conformable to their ancient laws and institutions. The Assyrian kings, who were now masters of the country, might have been displeased at the liberties Josiah took beyond his own territories. But either they were not informed of his doings, or they did not trouble themselves about his religious proceedings, relating, as they would think, to the god of the land, especially as he did not attempt to seize upon any place or to disturb the allegiance of the people [CALMET].

2 Chronicles 34:8-18 . HE REPAIRS THE TEMPLE.

8. in the eighteenth year of his reign . . . he sent

2 Chronicles 34:19-33 . AND, CAUSING THE LAW TO BE READ, RENEWS THE COVENANT BETWEEN GOD AND THE PEOPLE.

19. when the king had heard the words of the law,