Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle,
&c.] Josephus F19 says this was not long after the things related in the preceding chapter were transacted; and very probably they had heard of the melancholy and distraction of Saul, and thought it a proper opportunity of avenging themselves on Israel for their last slaughter of them, and for that purpose gathered together their dispersed troops:
and were gathered together at Shochoh,
which belongeth to Judah; a city of the tribe of Judah, ( Joshua 15:35 ) , which shows that, notwithstanding their last defeat, they had great footing in the land of Israel, or however had penetrated far into it in this march of theirs:
F19 Antiqu. l. 6. c. 9. sect. 1.
F20 Midrash Ruth, fol. 48. 2. Kimchi in loc.