Did they stumble that they might fall? (mh eptaisan ina peswsin?). Negative answer expected by mh as in verse Luke 1 . First aorist active indicative of ptaiw, old verb, to stumble, only here in Paul (see James 3:2 ), suggested perhaps by skandalon in verse Romans 11:9 . If ina is final, then we must add "merely" to the idea, "merely that they might fall" or make a sharp distinction between ptaiw, to stumble, and piptw, to fall, and take peswsin as effective aorist active subjunctive to fall completely and for good. Hina, as we know, can be either final, sub-final, or even result. See 1 Thessalonians 5:4 ; 1 Corinthians 7:29 ; Galatians 5:17 . Paul rejects this query in verse Romans 11:11 as vehemently as he did that in verse Romans 1 . By their fall (twi autwn paraptwmati). Instrumental case. For the word, a falling aside or a false step from parapiptw, see Romans 5:15-20 . Is come. No verb in the Greek, but ginetai or gegonen is understood. For to provoke them to jealousy (ei to parazhlwsai). Purpose expressed by ei and the articular infinitive, first aorist active, of parazhlow, for which verb see 1 Corinthians 10:22 . As an historical fact Paul turned to the Gentiles when the Jews rejected his message ( Acts 13:45 ; Acts 28:28 , etc.). The riches of the world (plouto kosmou). See Romans 10:12 . Their loss (to htthma autwn). So perhaps in 1 Corinthians 6:7 , but in Isaiah 31:8 defeat is the idea. Perhaps so here. Fulness (plhrwma). Perhaps "completion," though the word from plhrow, to fill, has a variety of senses, that with which anything is filled ( 1 Corinthians 10:26 1 Corinthians 10:28 ), that which is filled ( Ephesians 1:23 ). How much more? (poswi mallon). Argument a fortiori as in verse Ephesians 24 . Verse Ephesians 25 illustrates the point.