15:2 By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.
15:3 For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;
(See Scofield "Romans 1:16") .
15:5 And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:
Sin. (See Scofield "Romans 3:23") .
15:8 And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.
(See Scofield "Mark 16:14") .
15:17 And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.
born out of due time
(Greek - ajgaphtov , "before the due time)." Paul thinks of himself here as an Israelite whose time to be born again had not come, nationally (cf) Matthew 23:39 so that his conversion by the appearing of the Lord in glory Acts 9:3-6 was an illustration, or instance before the time, of the future national conversion of Israel. See ; Ezekiel 20:34-38 ; Hosea 2:14-17 ; Zechariah 12:10-13:6 ; Romans 11:25-27 .
15:22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.
Sin. (See Scofield "Romans 3:23") .
15:24 Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.
(1) "The first man Adam was made a living soul" Genesis 2:7, i.e. he derived life from another, that is, God. "The last Adam was a life-giving spirit." So far from deriving life, He was Himself the fountain of life, and He gave that life to others ; John 1:4 ; 5:21 ; 10:10 ; 12:24 ; 1 John 5:12 .
(2) In origin the first man was of the earth, earthy; the Second Man is the Lord from heaven.
(3) Each is the head of a creation, and these also are in contrast: in Adam all die; in Christ all will be made alive; the Adamic creation is "flesh"; the new creation, "spirit." John 3:6 .
15:29 Else what shall they do which are baptized for the dead, if the dead rise not at all? why are they then baptized for the dead?
(1) The promise of the kingdom to David and his seed, and described in the prophets 2 Samuel 7:8-17, ; Zechariah 12:8 enters the N.T. absolutely unchanged. Luke 1:31-33 . The King was born in Bethlehem ; Matthew 2:1 ; Micah 5:2 of a virgin. ; Matthew 1:18-25 ; Isaiah 7:14 .
(2) The kingdom announced as "at hand" (See Scofield "Matthew 4:17") , by John the Baptist, by the King, and by the Twelve, was rejected by the Jews, first morally, See Scofield " Matthew 11:20 ", and afterward officially Matthew 21:42 Matthew 21:43 and the King, crowned with thorns, was crucified.
(3) In anticipation of His official rejection and crucifixion, the King revealed the "mysteries" of the kingdom of heaven, (See Scofield "Matthew 13:11") to be fulfilled in the interval between His rejection and His return in glory Matthew 13:1-50 .
(4) Afterward He announced His purpose to "build" His church Matthew 16:18 another "mystery" revealed through Paul which is being fulfilled contemporaneously with the mysteries of the kingdom. The "mysteries of the kingdom of heaven" and the "mystery" of the church Ephesians 3:9-11 occupy, historically, the same period, i.e, this present age.
(5) The mysteries of the kingdom will be brought to an end by "the harvest" Matthew 13:39-43 Matthew 13:49 Matthew 13:50 at the return of the King in glory, the church having previously been caught up to meet Him in the air 1 Thessalonians 4:14-17 .
(6) Upon His return the King will restore the Davidic monarchy in His own person, re- gather dispersed Israel, establish His power over all the earth, and reign one thousand years Matthew 24:27-30 ; Luke 1:31-33 ; Acts 15:14-17 ; Revelation 20:1-10 .
(7) The kingdom of heaven (See Scofield "Matthew 3:2") thus established under David's divine Son, has for its object the restoration of the divine authority in the earth, which may be regarded as a revolted province of the great kingdom of God See Scofield " Matthew 6:33 ". When this is done ( 1 Corinthians 14:24 1 Corinthians 14:25 ) the Son will deliver up the kingdom (of heaven), Matthew 3:2 to "God, even the Father," that "God" (i.e. the triune God, Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) "may be all in all" ( 1 Corinthians 14:28 ). The eternal throne is that "of God, and of the Lamb" Revelation 22:1 . The kingdom-age constitutes the seventh Dispensation, See Scofield " Ephesians 1:10 ".
Then cometh Then, finally, when he delivers up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he has done away with every rule, and every authority and power (for he must reign till he has put all enemies under his feet), the last enemy, death, is destroyed.
15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge of God: I speak this to your shame.
i.e. who, through the introductory rite of baptism, are taking the places in the ranks left vacant by Christians who have died.
15:45 And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.
Sin. (See Scofield "Romans 3:23") .
15:51 Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed,
Omit italicized words "was made."
15:52 In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed.
(See Scofield "Matthew 13:11") .
15:56 The sting of death is sin; and the strength of sin is the law.
(1) The resurrection of the dead was believed by the patriarchs Genesis 22:5 ; Hebrews 11:19 ; Job 19:25-27 and revealed through the prophets ; Isaiah 26:19 ; Daniel 12:2 Daniel 12:13 ; Hosea 13:14 and miracles of the dead restored to life are recorded in the O.T. ; 2 Kings 4:32-35 ; 13:21 .
(4) Two resurrections are yet future, which are inclusive of "all that are in the graves" John 5:28 . These are distinguished as "of life" ; 1 Corinthians 15:22 1 Corinthians 15:23 ; 1 Thessalonians 4:14-17 ; Revelation 20:4 and "of judgment" ; John 5:28 John 5:29 ; Revelation 20:11-13 . They are separated by a period of one thousand years Revelation 20:5 . The "first resurrection," that "unto life," will occur at the second coming of Christ 1 Corinthians 15:23 the saints of the O.T. and church ages meeting Him in the air 1 Thessalonians 4:16 1 Thessalonians 4:17 while the martyrs of the tribulation, who also have part in the resurrection Revelation 20:4 are raised at the end of the great tribulation.
(5) The mortal body will be related to the resurrection body as grain sown is related to the harvest 1 Corinthians 15:37 1 Corinthians 15:38 that body will be incorruptible, glorious, powerful, and spiritual 1 Corinthians 15:42-44 1 Corinthians 15:49 .
(6) The bodies of living believers will, at the same time, be instantaneously changed 1 Corinthians 15:50-53 ; Philippians 3:20 Philippians 3:21 . This "change" of the living, and resurrection of the dead in Christ, is called the "redemption of the body" ; Romans 8:23 ; Ephesians 1:13 Ephesians 1:14 .
(7) After the thousand years the "resurrection unto judgment" John 5:29 occurs. The resurrection-body of the wicked dead is not described. They are judged according to their works, and cast into the lake of fire. Revelation 20:7-15 .
(See Scofield "Romans 3:23") .