Ezekiel 32 CSB

A Lament for Pharaoh

1 In the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, on the first [day] of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:

References for Ezekiel 32:1

      2 "Son of man, lamenta for Pharaoh king of Egypt and say to him: You compare yourself to a lion of the nations, butb you are like a monsterc in the seas. You thrash about in your rivers, churn up the waters with your feet, and muddy thed rivers."

      References for Ezekiel 32:2

        • a 32:2 - Ezk 19:1; 27:2; 28:12
        • b 32:2 - Or Lion of the nations, you are destroyed;
        • c 32:2 - Isa 27:1; 51:9; Jr 51:34
        • d 32:2 - Lit their
          3 This is what the Lord God says: I will spread My net over you with an assembly of many peoples,e and theyf will haul you up in My net.

          References for Ezekiel 32:3

            • e 32:3 - Ezk 26:7
            • f 32:3 - LXX, Vg read I
              4 I will abandon you on the land and hurl you on the open field. I will cause all the birds of the sky to settle on you and let the beasts of the entire earth eat their fill of you.g

              References for Ezekiel 32:4

                • g 32:4 - Ezk 29:3-5
                  5 I will put your flesh on the mountains and fill the valleys with your carcass.
                  6 I will drench the land with the flow of your blood, [even] to the mountains; the ravines will be filled with your [gore].h

                  References for Ezekiel 32:6

                    • h 32:6 - Ezk 31:12
                      7 When I snuff you out, I will cover the heavens and darken their stars. I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon will not give its light.
                      8 I will darken all the shining lights in the heavens over you, and will bring darkness on your land. [This is]*The bracketed text has been added for clarity. the declaration of the Lord God .
                      9 I will trouble the hearts of many peoples, when I bring about your destruction among the nations, in countries you do not know.
                      10 I will cause many nations to be appalled at you, and their kings will shudder with fear because of youi when I brandish My sword in front of them. On the day of your downfall each of them will tremble every momentj for his life.

                      References for Ezekiel 32:10

                          11 For this is what the Lord God says: The sword of Babylon's king will come against you!
                          12 I will make your hordes fall by the swords of warriors, all of them ruthless men from the nations.k They will ravage Egypt's pride, and all its hordes will be destroyed.

                          References for Ezekiel 32:12

                            • k 32:12 - Ezk 28:7; 31:12
                              13 I will slaughter all its cattle that are beside many waters. No human foot will churn them again, and no cattle hooves will disturb them.l

                              References for Ezekiel 32:13

                                  14 Then I will let their waters settle and will make their rivers flow like oil. [This is]*The bracketed text has been added for clarity. the declaration of the Lord God .
                                  15 When I make the land of Egypt a desolation, so that it is emptied of everything in it, when I strike down all who live there, then they will know that I am the Lord.m

                                  References for Ezekiel 32:15

                                      16 "This is a lament that will be chanted; the women of the nations will chant it. They will chant it over Egypt and all its hordes." [This is] the declaration of the Lord God .

                                      Egypt in Sheol

                                      17 In the twelfth year,n on the fifteenth [day] of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:

                                      References for Ezekiel 32:17

                                        • n 32:17 - LXX reads year, in the first month,
                                          18 "Son of man, wail over the hordes of Egypt and bring Egypt and the daughters of mighty nations down to the underworld,o [to be] with those who descend to the Pit:p

                                          References for Ezekiel 32:18

                                            • o 32:18 - Lit the lower parts of the earth
                                            • p 32:18 - Ezk 26:20; 31:14,16,18
                                              19 Whom do you surpass in loveliness? Go down and be laid to rest with the uncircumcised!
                                              20 They will fall among those slain by the sword. A sword is appointed! They drag her and all her hordes away.
                                              21 Warrior leaders will speak from the middle of Sheol about himq and his allies: They have come down; the uncircumcised lie slain by the sword.r

                                              References for Ezekiel 32:21

                                                • q 32:21 - Either Pharaoh or Egypt
                                                • r 32:21 - Ezk 31:15-18; Isa 14:9-11
                                                  22 Assyria is there with all her company; her graves are all around her. All of them are slain, fallen by the sword.
                                                  23 Her graves are set in the deepest regions of the Pit, and her company is all around her burial place. All of them are slain, fallen by the sword- they who [once] spread terror in the land of the living.
                                                  24 Elams is there with all her hordes around her grave. All of them are slain, fallen by the sword- they who went down to the underworldt uncircumcised, who [once] spread their terror in the land of the living. They bear their disgrace with those who descend to the Pit.

                                                  References for Ezekiel 32:24

                                                    • s 32:24 - Gn 10:22
                                                    • t 32:24 - Lit the lower parts of the earth
                                                      25 Among the slain they prepare a resting place for Elam with all her hordes. Her graves are all around her. All of them are uncircumcised, slain by the sword, although their terror was [once] spread in the land of the living. They bear their disgrace with those who descend to the Pit. They are placed among the slain.
                                                      26 Meshech and Tubaluvare there, with all their hordes. Their graves are all around them. All of them are uncircumcised, slain by the sword, although their terror was [once] spread in the land of the living.

                                                      References for Ezekiel 32:26

                                                        • u 32:26 - Lit Meshech-tubal
                                                        • v 32:26 - Ezk 27:13; 38:2-3; Gn 10:2
                                                          27 They dow not lie down with the fallen warriors of the uncircumcised,x who went down to Sheol with their weapons of war, whose swords were placed under their heads. The punishment for their sins rested on their bones, although the terror of [these] warriors was [once] in the land of the living.

                                                          References for Ezekiel 32:27

                                                            • w 32:27 - Or Do they . . . ?
                                                            • x 32:27 - LXX reads of antiquity
                                                              28 But you will be shattered and will lie down among the uncircumcised, with those slain by the sword.y

                                                              References for Ezekiel 32:28

                                                                  29 Edomz is there, her kings and all her princes, who, despite their strength, have been placed among those slain by the sword. They lie down with the uncircumcised, with those who descend to the Pit.

                                                                  References for Ezekiel 32:29

                                                                    • z 32:29 - Ezk 25:13; 35:7-9,15
                                                                      30 All the leaders of the north{ and all the Sidonians| are there. They went down in shame with the slain, despite the terror their strength inspired. They lie down uncircumcised with those slain by the sword. They bear their disgrace with those who descend to the Pit.

                                                                      References for Ezekiel 32:30

                                                                        • { 32:30 - Ezk 38:6,15; 39:2
                                                                        • | 32:30 - Ezk 28:21-23
                                                                          31 Pharaoh will see them and be comforted} over all his hordes- Pharaoh and all his army, slain by the sword. [This is]*The bracketed text has been added for clarity. the declaration of the Lord God .

                                                                          References for Ezekiel 32:31

                                                                              32 For I will spread My~ terror in the land of the living, so Pharaoh and all his hordes will be laid to rest among the uncircumcised, with those slain by the sword." [This is]*The bracketed text has been added for clarity. the declaration of the Lord God .

                                                                              References for Ezekiel 32:32

                                                                                • ~ 32:32 - Alt Hb tradition, LXX, Syr read his