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The Vine and the Calf

1 Israel is a lusha vine; it yields fruit for itself. The more his fruit increased, the more he increased the altars. The better his land produced, the better they made the sacred pillars.

References for Hosea 10:1

    • a 10:1 - Or ravaged
      2 Their hearts are devious;b now they must bear their guilt. The Lord will break down their altars and demolish their sacred pillars.

      References for Hosea 10:2

        • b 10:2 - Or divided
          3 In fact, they are now saying: "We have no king! For we do not fear the Lord. What can a king do for us?"
          4 They speak [mere] words, taking false oaths while making covenants. So lawsuits break out like poisonous weeds in the furrows of a field.
          5 The residents of Samaria will have anxiety over the calf of Beth-aven. Indeed, its idolatrous priests rejoiced over it; the people will mourn over it, over its glory. It will certainly depart from them.
          6 The calf itself will be taken to Assyria as an offering to the great king.c Ephraim will experience shame; Israel will be ashamed of its counsel.

          References for Hosea 10:6

            • c 10:6 - Or to King Yareb
              7 Samaria's king will disappeard like foame on the surface of the water.

              References for Hosea 10:7

                • d 10:7 - Or will be cut off
                • e 10:7 - Or a stick
                  8 The high places of Aven, the sin of Israel, will be destroyed; thorns and thistles will grow over their altars. They will say to the mountains, "Cover us!" and to the hills, "Fall on us!"f

                  References for Hosea 10:8

                      Israel's Defeat because of Sin

                      9 Israel, you have sinned since the days of Gibeah; they have taken their stand there. Will not war against the unjust overtake them in Gibeah?

                      References for Hosea 10:9

                          10 I will discipline them at My discretion; nations will be gathered against them to put them in bondageg for their two crimes.h

                          References for Hosea 10:10

                            • g 10:10 - LXX, Syr, Vg read against them when they are disciplined
                            • h 10:10 - Jdg 19-21; 1 Kg 12:28-30
                              11 Ephraim is a well-trained young cow that loves to thresh, but I will place a yoke oni her fine neck. I will harness Ephraim; Judah will plow; Jacob will do the final plowing.

                              References for Hosea 10:11

                                • i 10:11 - Lit will pass over
                                  12 Sow righteousness for yourselves and reap faithful love; break up your untilled ground. It is time to seek the Lord until He comes and sends righteousness on you like the rain.
                                  13 You have plowed wickedness and reaped injustice; you have eaten the fruit of lies. Because you have trusted in your own wayj and in your large number of soldiers,

                                  References for Hosea 10:13

                                    • j 10:13 - LXX reads your chariots
                                      14 the roar of battle will rise against your people, and all your fortifications will be demolished in a day of war, like Shalman's destruction of Beth-arbel. Mothers will be dashed to pieces along with [their] children.
                                      15 So it will be done to you, Bethel, because of your extreme evil. At dawn the king of Israel will be totally destroyed.