[This is] the word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakima son of Josiah, king of Judah (which was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon).
The prophet Jeremiah spoke concerning all the people of Judah and all the residents of Jerusalem as follows:
"From the thirteenth year of Josiah son of Amon, king of Judah, until this very day-23 years-the word of the Lord has come to me, and I have spoken to you time and time again,b but you have not obeyed.
The Lord sent all His servants the prophets to you time and time again,c but you have not obeyed or even paid attention.d5
He announced, 'Turn, each of you, from youre evil way of life and from your evil deeds.f Live in the land the Lord gave to you and your ancestors forever and ever.
Do not follow other gods to serve them and to worship them,g and do not provoke Me to anger by the work of your hands.h Then I will do you no harm.
" 'But you would not obey Me'-[this is] the Lord's declaration-'in order that you might provoke Me to anger by the work of your hands and bring disaster on yourselves.'
"Therefore, this is what the Lord of Hosts says: 'Because you have not obeyed My words,
I am going to send for all the families of the north'i-[this is] the Lord's declaration-'and [send for] My servantj Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and I will bring them against this land, against its residents, and against all these surrounding nations, and I will completely destroy them and make them a desolation,k a derision, and ruins forever.
I will eliminate the sound of joy and gladness from them-the voice of the bridegroom and the bride,l the sound of the millstones and the light of the lamp.
This whole land will become a desolate ruin, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon for 70 years.m12
When the 70 years are completed, I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation'-[this is] the Lord's declaration-'the land of the Chaldeans, for their guilt, and I will make it a ruin forever.
I will bring on that land all My words I have spoken against it, all that is written in this book that Jeremiah prophesied against all the nations.
For many nations and great kings will enslave them, and I will repay them according to their deedsn and the work of their hands.' "
This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, said to me: "Take this cup of the wine of wrath from My hand and make all the nations I am sending you to drink from it.o16
They will drink, stagger,p and go out of their minds because of the sword I am sending among them."
So I took the cup from the Lord's hand and made all the nations drink [from it], everyone the Lord sent me to.
[These included:] Jerusalem and the [other] cities of Judah, its kings and its officials, to make them a desolate ruin, an object of scorn and cursingq-as it is today;
Pharaoh king of Egypt, his officers, his leaders, all his people,
and all the mixed peoples;r all the kings of the land of Uz;s all the kings of the land of the Philistines-Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod;
Edom, Moab, and the Ammonites;
all the kings of Tyre, all the kings of Sidon, and the kings of the coastlands across the sea;
Dedan, Tema, Buz, and all those who shave their temples;t24
all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mixed peoples who have settled in the desert;
all the kings of Zimri, all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of Media;
all the kings of the north, both near and far from one another; that is, all the kingdoms of the world which are on the face of the earth. Finally, the king of Sheshachu will drink after them.
"Then you are to say to them: This is what the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: Drink, get drunk, and vomit. Fall down and never get up again, as a result of the sword I am sending among you.
Ifv they refuse to take the cup from you and drink, you are to say to them: This is what the Lord of Hosts says: You must drink!
For I am already bringing disaster on the city that bears My name,w so how could you possibly go unpunished? You will not go unpunished, for I am summoning a sword against all the inhabitants of the earth"-[this is] the declaration of the Lord of Hosts.x
"As for you, you are to prophesy all these things to them, and say to them: The Lord roars from on high; He raises His voice from His holy dwelling.y He roars loudly over His grazing land; He calls out with a shout, like those who tread [grapes], against all the inhabitants of the earth.
The tumult reaches to the ends of the earth because the Lord brings a case againstz the nations. He enters into judgment with all flesh. As for the wicked, He hands them over to the sword- [This is] the Lord's declaration.
"This is what the Lord of Hosts says: Pay attention! Disaster goes forth from nation to nation. A great storm is stirred up from the ends of the earth."aa33
Those slain by the Lord on that day will be [spread] from one end of the earth to the other. They will not be mourned, gathered, or buried. They will be like manure on the surface of the ground.
Wail, you shepherds, and cry out. Roll [in the dust],bbccyou leaders of the flock. Because the days of your slaughter have come, you will fall and become shattered like a precious vase.
Flight will be impossible for the shepherds, and escape, for the leaders of the flock.
[Hear] the sound of the shepherds' cry, the wail of the leaders of the flock, for the Lord is destroying their pasture.
Peaceful grazing land will become lifeless because of the Lord's burning anger.dd38
He has left His den like a lion, for their land has become a desolation because of the swordee of the oppressor, because of His burning anger.