Jeremiah 25 CSB

The Seventy-Year Exile

1 [This is] the word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the fourth year of Jehoiakima son of Josiah, king of Judah (which was the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon).

References for Jeremiah 25:1

    • a 25:1 - 2 Kg 23:34-24:6; 2 Ch 36:4-8
      2 The prophet Jeremiah spoke concerning all the people of Judah and all the residents of Jerusalem as follows:
      3 "From the thirteenth year of Josiah son of Amon, king of Judah, until this very day-23 years-the word of the Lord has come to me, and I have spoken to you time and time again,b but you have not obeyed.

      References for Jeremiah 25:3

        • b 25:3 - Lit you; rising early and speaking
          4 The Lord sent all His servants the prophets to you time and time again,c but you have not obeyed or even paid attention.d

          References for Jeremiah 25:4

            • c 25:4 - Lit prophets, rising early and sending
            • d 25:4 - Lit even inclined your ears
              5 He announced, 'Turn, each of you, from youre evil way of life and from your evil deeds.f Live in the land the Lord gave to you and your ancestors forever and ever.

              References for Jeremiah 25:5

                • e 25:5 - Lit his
                • f 25:5 - Jr 18:11; 35:15
                  6 Do not follow other gods to serve them and to worship them,g and do not provoke Me to anger by the work of your hands.h Then I will do you no harm.

                  References for Jeremiah 25:6

                    • g 25:6 - Jr 13:10; Dt 8:19
                    • h 25:6 - Jr 44:8; Dt 31:29; 1 Kg 16:7
                      7 " 'But you would not obey Me'-[this is] the Lord's declaration-'in order that you might provoke Me to anger by the work of your hands and bring disaster on yourselves.'
                      8 "Therefore, this is what the Lord of Hosts says: 'Because you have not obeyed My words,
                      9 I am going to send for all the families of the north'i-[this is] the Lord's declaration-'and [send for] My servantj Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, and I will bring them against this land, against its residents, and against all these surrounding nations, and I will completely destroy them and make them a desolation,k a derision, and ruins forever.

                      References for Jeremiah 25:9

                        • i 25:9 - Jr 1:13
                        • j 25:9 - Isa 45:1
                        • k 25:9 - Jr 4:7; 18:16; 19:8
                          10 I will eliminate the sound of joy and gladness from them-the voice of the bridegroom and the bride,l the sound of the millstones and the light of the lamp.

                          References for Jeremiah 25:10

                            • l 25:10 - Jr 7:34; 16:9; 33:11
                              11 This whole land will become a desolate ruin, and these nations will serve the king of Babylon for 70 years.m

                              References for Jeremiah 25:11

                                • m 25:11 - Jr 29:10; 2 Ch 36:21; Dn 9:2
                                  12 When the 70 years are completed, I will punish the king of Babylon and that nation'-[this is] the Lord's declaration-'the land of the Chaldeans, for their guilt, and I will make it a ruin forever.
                                  13 I will bring on that land all My words I have spoken against it, all that is written in this book that Jeremiah prophesied against all the nations.
                                  14 For many nations and great kings will enslave them, and I will repay them according to their deedsn and the work of their hands.' "

                                  References for Jeremiah 25:14

                                      The Cup of God's Wrath

                                      15 This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, said to me: "Take this cup of the wine of wrath from My hand and make all the nations I am sending you to drink from it.o

                                      References for Jeremiah 25:15

                                        • o 25:15 - Jr 49:12; Ps 75:8; Isa 51:17
                                          16 They will drink, stagger,p and go out of their minds because of the sword I am sending among them."

                                          References for Jeremiah 25:16

                                              17 So I took the cup from the Lord's hand and made all the nations drink [from it], everyone the Lord sent me to.
                                              18 [These included:] Jerusalem and the [other] cities of Judah, its kings and its officials, to make them a desolate ruin, an object of scorn and cursingq-as it is today;

                                              References for Jeremiah 25:18

                                                  19 Pharaoh king of Egypt, his officers, his leaders, all his people,
                                                  20 and all the mixed peoples;r all the kings of the land of Uz;s all the kings of the land of the Philistines-Ashkelon, Gaza, Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod;

                                                  References for Jeremiah 25:20

                                                    • r 25:20 - Jr 50:37; Ex 12:38; Neh 13:1-3
                                                    • s 25:20 - Jb 1:1; Lm 4:21
                                                      21 Edom, Moab, and the Ammonites;
                                                      22 all the kings of Tyre, all the kings of Sidon, and the kings of the coastlands across the sea;
                                                      23 Dedan, Tema, Buz, and all those who shave their temples;t

                                                      References for Jeremiah 25:23

                                                        • t 25:23 - Or who live in distant places; Jr 9:26; 49:32; Lv 19:27
                                                          24 all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mixed peoples who have settled in the desert;
                                                          25 all the kings of Zimri, all the kings of Elam, and all the kings of Media;
                                                          26 all the kings of the north, both near and far from one another; that is, all the kingdoms of the world which are on the face of the earth. Finally, the king of Sheshachu will drink after them.

                                                          References for Jeremiah 25:26

                                                            • u 25:26 - Probably a code name for Babylon
                                                              27 "Then you are to say to them: This is what the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, says: Drink, get drunk, and vomit. Fall down and never get up again, as a result of the sword I am sending among you.
                                                              28 Ifv they refuse to take the cup from you and drink, you are to say to them: This is what the Lord of Hosts says: You must drink!

                                                              References for Jeremiah 25:28

                                                                  29 For I am already bringing disaster on the city that bears My name,w so how could you possibly go unpunished? You will not go unpunished, for I am summoning a sword against all the inhabitants of the earth"-[this is] the declaration of the Lord of Hosts.x

                                                                  References for Jeremiah 25:29

                                                                      Judgment on the Whole World

                                                                      30 "As for you, you are to prophesy all these things to them, and say to them: The Lord roars from on high; He raises His voice from His holy dwelling.y He roars loudly over His grazing land; He calls out with a shout, like those who tread [grapes], against all the inhabitants of the earth.

                                                                      References for Jeremiah 25:30

                                                                        • y 25:30 - Dt 26:15; 2 Ch 30:27; Ps 76:2
                                                                          31 The tumult reaches to the ends of the earth because the Lord brings a case againstz the nations. He enters into judgment with all flesh. As for the wicked, He hands them over to the sword- [This is] the Lord's declaration.

                                                                          References for Jeremiah 25:31

                                                                            • z 25:31 - Hs 4:1; 12:3; Mc 6:2
                                                                              32 "This is what the Lord of Hosts says: Pay attention! Disaster goes forth from nation to nation. A great storm is stirred up from the ends of the earth."{

                                                                              References for Jeremiah 25:32

                                                                                • { 25:32 - Jr 23:19; 30:23
                                                                                  33 Those slain by the Lord on that day will be [spread] from one end of the earth to the other. They will not be mourned, gathered, or buried. They will be like manure on the surface of the ground.
                                                                                  34 Wail, you shepherds, and cry out. Roll [in the dust],|}you leaders of the flock. Because the days of your slaughter have come, you will fall and become shattered like a precious vase.

                                                                                  References for Jeremiah 25:34

                                                                                    • | 25:34 - a mourning custom
                                                                                    • } 25:34 - Jr 6:26; Jb 2:8,12; Ezk 27:30
                                                                                      35 Flight will be impossible for the shepherds, and escape, for the leaders of the flock.
                                                                                      36 [Hear] the sound of the shepherds' cry, the wail of the leaders of the flock, for the Lord is destroying their pasture.
                                                                                      37 Peaceful grazing land will become lifeless because of the Lord's burning anger.~

                                                                                      References for Jeremiah 25:37

                                                                                        • ~ 25:37 - Nm 32:14; 2 Ch 28:11; Zph 2:2
                                                                                          38 He has left His den like a lion, for their land has become a desolation because of the sword of the oppressor, because of His burning anger.

                                                                                          References for Jeremiah 25:38

                                                                                            •  25:38 - Some Hb mss, LXX, Tg; other Hb mss read burning; Jr 46:16