25:1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the people of Judah in the a fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah, that [was] the first year of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon;
25:3 From the thirteenth year of Josiah the son of Amon king of Judah, even to b this day, that [is] the three and twentieth year, the word of the LORD hath come to me, and I have spoken to you, c rising early and speaking; but ye have not hearkened.
(a) That is, in the third year accomplished and in the beginning of the fourth: for though Nebuchadnezzar began to reign in the end of the third year of Jehoiakims reign yet that year is not counted here because it was almost over, ( Daniel 1:1 ).
(b) Which was the fifth year and the ninth month of Jehoiakims reign. 25:5 They d said, Turn ye again now every one from his evil way, and from the evil of your doings, and dwell in the land that the LORD hath given to you and to your fathers for ever and ever:
(c) That is, I have spared no diligence or labour, ( Jeremiah 7:13 ).
25:9 Behold, I will send and take all the e families of the north, saith the LORD, and Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, my f servant, and will bring them against this land, and against its inhabitants, and against all these nations g around, and will utterly destroy them, and make them an horror, and an hissing, and perpetual desolations.
(d) He shows that the prophets, wholly with one consent laboured to pull the people from those vices, which then reigned, that is, from idolatry and the vain confidence of men: for under these two all others were contained, ( 2 Kings 17:13 ; Jeremiah 18:11 Jeremiah 35:15 ; Jonah 3:8 ).
(e) The Chaldeans and all their power. 25:10 Moreover I will take from them the voice of mirth, and the voice of gladness, the voice of the bridegroom, and the voice of the bride, the sound of the h millstones, and the light of the candle.
(f) So the wicked and Satan himself are Gods servants, because he makes them serve him by constraint and turns that which they do out of malice to his honour and glory.
(g) As the Philistines, Ammonites, Egyptians and others.
(h) Meaning that bread and all things that would serve to their feasts would be taken away. 25:12 And it shall come to pass, when i seventy years are accomplished, [that] I will punish k the king of Babylon, and that nation, saith the LORD, for their iniquity, and the land of the Chaldeans, and will make it perpetual desolations.
25:14 For many nations and great kings shall be l served by them also: and I will recompense them according to their deeds, and according to the works of their own hands.
(i) This revelation was for the confirmation of his prophecy because he told them of the time that they would enter and remain in captivity, ( 2 Chronicles 36:22 ; Ezra 1:1 ; Jeremiah 29:10 ; Daniel 9:2 ).
(k) For seeing the judgment began at his own house, the enemies must be punished most grievously, ( Ezekiel 9:6 ; 1 Peter 4:17 ).
25:15 For thus saith the LORD God of Israel to me; m Take the wine cup of this fury at my hand, and cause all the nations, to whom I send thee, to drink it.
(l) That is of the Babylonians as in ( Jeremiah 27:7 ).
25:18 [That is], Jerusalem, and the cities of Judah, and her kings, and her princes, to make them a desolation, an horror, an hissing, and a curse; n as [it is] this day;
(m) Signifying the extreme affliction that God had appointed for everyone, ( Psalms 75:8 ; Isaiah 51:17 ) and this cup which the wicked drink, is more bitter than that which he gives to his children, for he measures the one by mercy, and the other by justice.
(n) For now it begins and will so continue till it is accomplished. 25:20 And all the mixed people, and all the kings of the land o of Uz, and all the kings of the land of the Philistines, and p Ashkelon, and Azzah, and Ekron, and the remnant of Ashdod,
25:21 q Edom, and Moab, and the children of Ammon,
(o) Read ( Job 1:1 ).
(p) Which were cities of the Philistines.
(q) Edom is here taken for the whole country and Uz for a part of it. 25:22 And all the kings of Tyre, and all the kings of Zidon, and the kings of the r isles which [are] beyond the sea,
(r) As Greece, Italy and the rest of those countries. 25:23 s Dedan, and Tema, and Buz, and all [that are] in the utmost corners,
(s) These were people of Arabia which came of Dedan the son of Abraham and Keturah. 25:24 And all the kings of Arabia, and all the kings of the mixed people that dwell in the t desert,
(t) For there were two countries so named, the one called plentiful and the other barren, or desert. 25:26 And all the kings of the north, far and near, one with another, and all the kingdoms of the world, which [are] upon the face of the earth: and the king of u Sheshach shall drink after them.
25:29 For, lo, x I begin to bring evil on the city which is called by my name, and should ye be utterly unpunished? Ye shall not be unpunished: for I will call for a sword upon all the inhabitants of the earth, saith the LORD of hosts.
(u) That is of Babylon, as in ( Jeremiah 51:41 ).
25:33 And y the slain of the LORD shall be at that day from [one] end of the earth even to the [other] end of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered, nor buried; they shall be refuse upon the ground.
(x) That is Jerusalem, read ( Jeremiah 25:12 ).
(y) They who are slain at the Lords appointment. 25:34 Howl, z ye shepherds, and cry; and wallow yourselves [in the ashes], ye chief of the flock: for the days of your slaughter and of your dispersions are accomplished; and ye shall fall like a a pleasant vessel.
(z) You that are chief rulers, and governors. 25:35 And the b shepherds shall have no way to flee, nor the chief of the flock to escape.
(a) Which are most easily broken.
(b) It will not help them to seek to flee.