1 Paul, apostle of Jesus Christ by God's will, to the saints and faithful in Christ Jesus who are at a Ephesus. b

References for Ephesians 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Lit. 'in,' as Acts 13.1; Rev. 2.1.
    • b 1:1 - It may be interesting to mention that though 'at Ephesus' is found in almost all copies, many authorities would leave it out. Some, without sufficient ground, have considered it as a kind of circular. Compare Col. 4.16.