Cakes made of wheat or barley were offered in the temple. They were salted, but unleavened ( Exodus 29:2 ; Leviticus 2:4 ). In idolatrous worship thin cakes or wafers were offered "to the queen of heaven" ( Jeremiah 7:18 ; 44:19 ).
Pancakes are described in 2 Samuel 13:8 2 Samuel 13:9 . Cakes mingled with oil and baked in the oven are mentioned in Leviticus 2:4 , and "wafers unleavened anointed with oil," in Exodus 29:2 ; Leviticus 8:26 ; 1 Chronicles 23:29 . "Cracknels," a kind of crisp cakes, were among the things Jeroboam directed his wife to take with her when she went to consult Ahijah the prophet at Shiloh ( 1 Kings 14:3 ). Such hard cakes were carried by the Gibeonites when they came to ( Joshua 9:5 Joshua 9:12 ). They described their bread as "mouldy;" but the Hebrew word nikuddim , here used, ought rather to be rendered "hard as biscuit." It is rendered "cracknels" in 1 Kings 14:3 . The ordinary bread, when kept for a few days, became dry and excessively hard. The Gibeonites pointed to this hardness of their bread as an evidence that they had come a long journey.
We read also of honey-cakes ( Exodus 16:31 ), "cakes of figs" ( 1 Samuel 25:18 ), "cake" as denoting a whole piece of bread ( 1 Kings 17:12 ), and "a [round] cake of barley bread" ( Judges 7:13 ). In Leviticus 2 is a list of the different kinds of bread and cakes which were fit for offerings.