Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him. And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his MANTLE, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven. ( Job 2:11-12 )
the word employed in the Authorized Version to translate no less than four Hebrew terms, entirely distinct and independent in both derivation and meaning.
Used 5 times of Elijah's mantle ('addereth, 1 Kings 19:18,19; 2 Kings 2:8,13,14), which was probably of hair. Found in plural once (Isaiah 3:22), where it (ma`ataphoth) is an upper wide tunic with sleeves (kethoneth).
See DRESS; KERCHIEF.
These files are public domain.