Mantle [N] [S]

  • Heb. 'addereth, a large over-garment. This word is used of Elijah's mantle ( 1 Kings 19:13 1 Kings 19:19 ; 2 Kings 1 Kings 2:8 1 Kings 2:13 , etc.), which was probably a sheepskin. It appears to have been his only garment, a strip of skin or leather binding it to his loins. 'Addereth twice occurs with the epithet "hairy" ( Genesis 25:25 ; Zechariah 13:4 , RSV). It is the word denoting the "goodly Babylonish garment" which Achan coveted ( Joshua 7:21 ).

  • Heb. me'il, frequently applied to the "robe of the ephod" ( Exodus 28:4 Exodus 28:31 ; Leviticus 8:7 ), which was a splendid under tunic wholly of blue, reaching to below the knees. It was woven without seam, and was put on by being drawn over the head. It was worn not only by priests but by kings ( 1 Samuel 24:4 ), prophets ( 15:27 ), and rich men ( Job 1:20 ; 2:12 ). This was the "little coat" which Samuel's mother brought to him from year to year to Shiloh ( 1 Samuel 2:19 ), a miniature of the official priestly robe.

  • Semikah, "a rug," the garment which Jael threw as a covering over Sisera ( Judges 4:18 ). The Hebrew word occurs nowhere else in Scripture.

  • Maataphoth, plural, only in Isaiah 3:22 , denoting a large exterior tunic worn by females. (See DRESS .)

    These dictionary topics are from
    M.G. Easton M.A., D.D., Illustrated Bible Dictionary, Third Edition,
    published by Thomas Nelson, 1897. Public Domain, copy freely.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [S] indicates this entry was also found in Smith's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Easton, Matthew George. "Entry for Mantle". "Easton's Bible Dictionary". .

  • Mantle

    Garment; covering.

    Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him. And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his MANTLE, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven. ( Job 2:11-12 )

    Source: A King James Dictionary. (Used with permission. Copyright © Philip P. Kapusta)

    Bibliography Information

    "Entry for 'Mantle'". A King James Dictionary.

    Mantle, [N] [E]

    the word employed in the Authorized Version to translate no less than four Hebrew terms, entirely distinct and independent in both derivation and meaning.

    1. ( Judges 4:18 ) the garment with which Jael covered Sisera.
    2. Rendered "mantle" in ( 1 Samuel 15:27 ; 28:14 ; Ezra 9:3 Ezra 9:5 ) etc. This word is in other passages of the Authorized Version rendered "coat," "cloak" and "robe."
    3. ( Isaiah 3:22 ) only. Apparently some article of a ladys dress.
    4. ( 1 Kings 19:13 1 Kings 19:19 ; 2 Kings 2:8 2 Kings 2:13 2 Kings 2:14 ) The sole garment of the prophet Elijah. It was probably of sheepskin, such as is worn by the modern dervishes.

    [N] indicates this entry was also found in Nave's Topical Bible
    [E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary

    Bibliography Information

    Smith, William, Dr. "Entry for 'Mantle,'". "Smith's Bible Dictionary". . 1901.



    Used 5 times of Elijah's mantle ('addereth, 1 Kings 19:18,19; 2 Kings 2:8,13,14), which was probably of hair. Found in plural once (Isaiah 3:22), where it (ma`ataphoth) is an upper wide tunic with sleeves (kethoneth).


    Copyright Statement
    These files are public domain.

    Bibliography Information
    Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. "Entry for 'MANTLE'". "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". 1915.