1 Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, To God’s holy people in Ephesus,a the faithful in Christ Jesus:

References for Ephesians 1:1

    • a 1:1 - Some early manuscripts do not have "in Ephesus."
      2 Grace and peace to you from God our Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.

      References for Ephesians 1:2

      Praise for Spiritual Blessings in Christ

      3 Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in Christ.

      References for Ephesians 1:3

      4 For he chose us in him before the creation of the world to be holy and blameless in his sight. In love
      5 heb predestined us for adoption to sonshipc through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will—

      References for Ephesians 1:5

        • b 1:5 - Or "sight in love. " 5"He"
        • c 1:5 - The Greek word for "adoption to sonship" is a legal term referring to the full legal standing of an adopted male heir in Roman culture.
          6 to the praise of his glorious grace, which he has freely given us in the One he loves.

          References for Ephesians 1:6

              7 In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, in accordance with the riches of God’s grace

              References for Ephesians 1:7

              8 that he lavished on us. With all wisdom and understanding,
              9 hed made known to us the mystery of his will according to his good pleasure, which he purposed in Christ,

              References for Ephesians 1:9

                • d 1:9 - Or "us with all wisdom and understanding. " 9"And he"
                  10 to be put into effect when the times reach their fulfillment—to bring unity to all things in heaven and on earth under Christ.

                  References for Ephesians 1:10

                  11 In him we were also chosen,e having been predestined according to the plan of him who works out everything in conformity with the purpose of his will,

                  References for Ephesians 1:11

                    • e 1:11 - Or "were made heirs"