Try out the new BibleStudyTools.com. Click here!

Compare Translations for Exodus 1:22

Exodus 1:22 ASV
And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
Read Exodus 1 ASV  |  Read Exodus 1:22 ASV in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 BBE
And Pharaoh gave orders to all his people, saying, Every son who comes to birth is to be put into the river, but every daughter may go on living.
Read Exodus 1 BBE  |  Read Exodus 1:22 BBE in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 CEB
Then Pharaoh gave an order to all his people: "Throw every baby boy born to the Hebrews into the Nile River, but you can let all the girls live."
Read Exodus 1 CEB  |  Read Exodus 1:22 CEB in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 CJB
Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: "Every boy that is born, throw in the river; but let all the girls live."
Read Exodus 1 CJB  |  Read Exodus 1:22 CJB in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 RHE
Pharao therefore charged all his people, saying: Whatsoever shall be born of the male sex, ye shall cast into the river: whatsoever of the female, ye shall save alive.
Read Exodus 1 RHE  |  Read Exodus 1:22 RHE in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 ESV
Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, "Every son that is born to the Hebrews you shall cast into the Nile, but you shall let every daughter live."
Read Exodus 1 ESV  |  Read Exodus 1:22 ESV in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 GW
Then Pharaoh commanded all his people to throw into the Nile every [Hebrew] boy that was born, but to let every girl live.
Read Exodus 1 GW  |  Read Exodus 1:22 GW in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 GNT
Finally the king issued a command to all his people: "Take every newborn Hebrew boy and throw him into the Nile, but let all the girls live."
Read Exodus 1 GNT  |  Read Exodus 1:22 GNT in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 HNV
Par`oh charged all his people, saying, "You shall cast every son who is born into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive."
Read Exodus 1 HNV  |  Read Exodus 1:22 HNV in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 CSB
Pharaoh then commanded all his people: "You must throw every son born to the Hebrews into the Nile, but let every daughter live."
Read Exodus 1 CSB  |  Read Exodus 1:22 CSB in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 KJV
And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying , Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive .
Read Exodus 1 KJV  |  Read Exodus 1:22 KJV in parallel  |  Interlinear view
Exodus 1:22 LEB
And Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, "Every son who is born you will throw into the Nile, and every daughter you will let live."
Read Exodus 1 LEB  |  Read Exodus 1:22 LEB in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 NAS
Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, "Every son who is born you are to cast into the Nile, and every daughter you are to keep alive."
Read Exodus 1 NAS  |  Read Exodus 1:22 NAS in parallel  |  Interlinear view
Exodus 1:22 NCV
So the king commanded all his people, "Every time a boy is born to the Hebrews, you must throw him into the Nile River, but let all the girl babies live."
Read Exodus 1 NCV  |  Read Exodus 1:22 NCV in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 NIRV
Then Pharaoh gave an order to all of his people. He said, "You must throw every baby boy into the Nile River. But let every baby girl live."
Read Exodus 1 NIRV  |  Read Exodus 1:22 NIRV in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 NIV
Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: "Every boy that is born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live."
Read Exodus 1 NIV  |  Read Exodus 1:22 NIV in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 NKJV
So Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, "Every son who is born you shall cast into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive."
Read Exodus 1 NKJV  |  Read Exodus 1:22 NKJV in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 NLT
Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: "Throw all the newborn Israelite boys into the Nile River. But you may spare the baby girls."
Read Exodus 1 NLT  |  Read Exodus 1:22 NLT in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 NRS
Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, "Every boy that is born to the Hebrews you shall throw into the Nile, but you shall let every girl live."
Read Exodus 1 NRS  |  Read Exodus 1:22 NRS in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 RSV
Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, "Every son that is born to the Hebrews you shall cast into the Nile, but you shall let every daughter live."
Read Exodus 1 RSV  |  Read Exodus 1:22 RSV in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 DBY
Then Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, but every daughter ye shall save alive.
Read Exodus 1 DBY  |  Read Exodus 1:22 DBY in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 MSG
So Pharaoh issued a general order to all his people: "Every boy that is born, drown him in the Nile. But let the girls live."
Read Exodus 1 MSG  |  Read Exodus 1:22 MSG in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 WBT
And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.
Read Exodus 1 WBT  |  Read Exodus 1:22 WBT in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 TMB
And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, "Every son who is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive."
Read Exodus 1 TMB  |  Read Exodus 1:22 TMB in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 TNIV
Then Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: "Every Hebrew boy that is born you must throw into the Nile, but let every girl live."
Read Exodus 1 TNIV  |  Read Exodus 1:22 TNIV in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 TYN
Than Pharao charged all his pepple sayng All the menchildern that are borne, cast in to the ryuer and save the maydchildern a lyue.
Read Exodus 1 TYN  |  Read Exodus 1:22 TYN in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 WEB
Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, "You shall cast every son who is born into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive."
Read Exodus 1 WEB  |  Read Exodus 1:22 WEB in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 WYC
Therefore Pharaoh commanded (to) all his people, and said, Whatever thing of male kind is born to (the) Hebrews, cast ye into the flood (cast ye them into the River, that is, into the Nile); (but) whatever thing of women kind (is born), keep ye (them).
Read Exodus 1 WYC  |  Read Exodus 1:22 WYC in parallel  
Exodus 1:22 YLT
and Pharaoh layeth a charge on all his people, saying, `Every son who is born -- into the River ye do cast him, and every daughter ye do keep alive.'
Read Exodus 1 YLT  |  Read Exodus 1:22 YLT in parallel  

Exodus 1 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 1

The Book of Exodus relates the forming of the children of Israel into a church and a nation. We have hitherto seen true religion shown in domestic life, now, we begin to trace its effects upon the concerns of kingdoms and nations. Exodus signifies "the departure;" the chief event therein recorded is the departure of Israel from Egypt and Egyptian bondage; it plainly points out the fulfilling of several promises and prophecies to Abraham respecting his seed, and shadows forth the state of the church, in the wilderness of this world, until her arrival at the heavenly Canaan, an eternal rest.

The children of Israel increase in Egypt after the death of Joseph. (8-14) They are oppressed, but multiply exceedingly. (1-7) The men-children destroyed. (15-22)

Verses 1-7 During more than 200 years, while Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob lived at liberty, the Hebrews increased slowly; only about seventy persons went down into Egypt. There, in about the same number of years, though under cruel bondage, they became a large nation. This wonderful increase was according to the promise long before made unto the fathers. Though the performance of God's promises is sometimes slow, it is always sure.

Verses 8-14 The land of Egypt became to Israel a house of bondage. The place where we have been happy, may soon become the place of our affliction; and that may prove the greatest cross to us, of which we said, This same shall comfort us. Cease from man, and say not of any place on this side heaven, This is my rest. All that knew Joseph, loved him, and were kind to his brethren for his sake; but the best and most useful services a man does to others, are soon forgotten after his death. Our great care should be, to serve God, and to please him who is not unrighteous, whatever men are, to forget our work and labour of love. The offence of Israel is, that he prospers. There is no sight more hateful to a wicked man than the prosperity of the righteous. The Egyptians feared lest the children of Israel should join their enemies, and get them up out of the land. Wickedness is ever cowardly and unjust; it makes a man fear, where no fear is, and flee, when no one pursues him. And human wisdom often is foolishness, and very sinful. God's people had task-masters set over them, not only to burden them, but to afflict them with their burdens. They not only made them serve for Pharaoh's profit, but so that their lives became bitter. The Israelites wonderfully increased. Christianity spread most when it was persecuted: the blood of the martyrs was the seed of the church. They that take counsel against the Lord and his Israel, do but imagine a vain thing, and create greater vexation to themselves.

Verses 15-22 The Egyptians tried to destroy Israel by the murder of their children. The enmity that is in the seed of the serpent, against the Seed of the woman, makes men forget all pity. It is plain that the Hebrews were now under an uncommon blessing. And we see that the services done for God's Israel are often repaid in kind. Pharaoh gave orders to drown all the male children of the Hebrews. The enemy who, by Pharaoh, attempted to destroy the church in this its infant state, is busy to stifle the rise of serious reflections in the heart of man. Let those who would escape, be afraid of sinning, and cry directly and fervently to the Lord for assistance.

Exodus 1 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 1

Exodus 1:1-22 . INCREASE OF THE ISRAELITES.

1. Now these are the names--(See Genesis 46:8-26 ).

7. children of Israel were fruitful--They were living in a land where, according to the testimony of an ancient author, mothers produced three and four sometimes at a birth; and a modern writer declares "the females in Egypt, as well among the human race as among animals, surpass all others in fruitfulness." To this natural circumstance must be added the fulfilment of the promise made to Abraham.

8. Now there arose up a new king--About sixty years after the death of Joseph a revolution took place--by which the old dynasty was overthrown, and upper and lower Egypt were united into one kingdom. Assuming that the king formerly reigned in Thebes, it is probable that he would know nothing about the Hebrews; and that, as foreigners and shepherds, the new government would, from the first, regard them with dislike and scorn.

9, 10. he said . . . Behold, the . . . children of Israel are more and mightier than we--They had risen to great prosperity--as during the lifetime of Joseph and his royal patron, they had, probably, enjoyed a free grant of the land. Their increase and prosperity were viewed with jealousy by the new government; and as Goshen lay between Egypt and Canaan, on the border of which latter country were a number of warlike tribes, it was perfectly conformable to the suggestions of worldly policy that they should enslave and maltreat them, through apprehension of their joining in any invasion by those foreign rovers. The new king, who neither knew the name nor cared for the services of Joseph, was either Amosis, or one of his immediate successors [OSBURN].

11. Therefore they did set over them taskmasters--Having first obliged them, it is thought, to pay a ruinous rent and involved them in difficulties, that new government, in pursuance of its oppressive policy, degraded them to the condition of serfs--employing them exactly as the laboring people are in the present day (driven in companies or bands), in rearing the public works, with taskmasters, who anciently had sticks--now whips--to punish the indolent, or spur on the too languid. All public or royal buildings, in ancient Egypt, were built by captives; and on some of them was placed an inscription that no free citizen had been engaged In this servile employment.
they built for Pharaoh treasure cities--These two store-places were in the land of Goshen; and being situated near a border liable to invasion, they were fortified cities (compare 2 Chronicles 11:1-12:16'). Pithom (Greek, Paturnos), lay on the eastern Pelusiac branch of the Nile, about twelve Roman miles from Heliopolis; and Raamses, called by the Septuagint Heroopolis, lay between the same branch of the Nile and the Bitter Lakes. These two fortified cities were situated, therefore, in the same valley; and the fortifications, which Pharaoh commanded to be built around both, had probably the same common object, of obstructing the entrance into Egypt, which this valley furnished the enemy from Asia [HENGSTENBERG].

13, 14. The Egyptians . . . made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar, and in brick--Ruins of great brick buildings are found in all parts of Egypt. The use of crude brick, baked in the sun, was universal in upper and lower Egypt, both for public and private buildings; all but the temples themselves were of crude brick. It is worthy of remark that more bricks bearing the name of Thothmes III, who is supposed to have been the king of Egypt at the time of the Exodus, have been discovered than of any other period [WILKINSON]. Parties of these brickmakers are seen depicted on the ancient monuments with "taskmasters," some standing, others in a sitting posture beside the laborers, with their uplifted sticks in their hands.

15. the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives--Two only were spoken to--either they were the heads of a large corporation [LABORDE], or, by tampering with these two, the king designed to terrify the rest into secret compliance with his wishes [CALVIN].

16. if it be a son, then ye shall kill him--Opinions are divided, however, what was the method of destruction which the king did recommend. Some think that the "stools" were low seats on which these obstetric practitioners sat by the bedside of the Hebrew women; and that, as they might easily discover the sex, so, whenever a boy appeared, they were to strangle it, unknown to its parents; while others are of opinion that the "stools" were stone troughs, by the river side--into which, when the infants were washed, they were to be, as it were, accidentally dropped.

17. But the midwives feared God--Their faith inspired them with such courage as to risk their lives, by disobeying the mandate of a cruel tyrant; but it was blended with weakness, which made them shrink from speaking the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth.

20, 21. God dealt well with the midwives--This represents God as rewarding them for telling a lie. This difficulty is wholly removed by a more correct translation. To "make" or "build up a house" in Hebrew idiom, means to have a numerous progeny. The passage then should be rendered thus: "God protected the midwives, and the people waxed very mighty; and because the midwives feared, the Hebrews grew and prospered."