Compare Translations for Job 28:4

Job 28:4 ASV
He breaketh open a shaft away from where men sojourn; They are forgotten of the foot; They hang afar from men, they swing to and fro.
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Job 28:4 BBE
He makes a deep mine far away from those living in the light of day; when they go about on the earth, they have no knowledge of those who are under them, who are hanging far from men, twisting from side to side on a cord.
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Job 28:4 CEB
open a shaft away from any inhabitant, places forgotten by those on foot, apart from any human they hang and sway.
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Job 28:4 CJB
There where no one lives, they break open a shaft; the feet passing over are oblivious to them; far from people, suspended in space, they swing to and fro.
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Job 28:4 RHE
The flood divideth from the people that are on their journey, those whom the food of the needy man hath forgotten, and who cannot be come at.
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Job 28:4 ESV
He opens shafts in a valley away from where anyone lives; they are forgotten by travelers; they hang in the air, far away from mankind; they swing to and fro.
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Job 28:4 GW
They open up a mineshaft far from civilization, where no one has set foot. [In this shaft] men dangle and swing back and forth.
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Job 28:4 GNT
Far from where anyone lives Or human feet ever travel, They dig the shafts of mines. There they work in loneliness, Clinging to ropes in the pits.
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Job 28:4 HNV
He breaks open a shaft away from where people live. They are forgotten by the foot. They hang far from men, they swing back and forth.
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Job 28:4 CSB
He cuts a shaft far from human habitation, [in places] unknown to those who walk above ground. Suspended far away from people, the miners swing back and forth.
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Job 28:4 KJV
The flood breaketh out from the inhabitant ; even the waters forgotten of the foot: they are dried up , they are gone away from men.
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Job 28:4 LEB
He breaks open a mine shaft {away from where people dwell}; [those] who are forgotten {by travelers}, they dangle, they sway [far away] from human beings.
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Job 28:4 NAS
"He sinks a shaft far from habitation, Forgotten by the foot; They hang and swing to and fro far from men.
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Job 28:4 NCV
Miners dig a tunnel far from where people live, where no one has ever walked; they work far from people, swinging and swaying from ropes.
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Job 28:4 NIRV
Far from where people live he cuts a tunnel. He does it in places where others don't go. Far away from people he swings back and forth on ropes.
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Job 28:4 NIV
Far from where people dwell he cuts a shaft, in places forgotten by the foot of man; far from men he dangles and sways.
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Job 28:4 NKJV
He breaks open a shaft away from people; In places forgotten by feet They hang far away from men; They swing to and fro.
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Job 28:4 NLT
They sink a mine shaft into the earth far from where anyone lives. They descend on ropes, swinging back and forth.
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Job 28:4 NRS
They open shafts in a valley away from human habitation; they are forgotten by travelers, they sway suspended, remote from people.
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Job 28:4 RSV
They open shafts in a valley away from where men live; they are forgotten by travelers, they hang afar from men, they swing to and fro.
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Job 28:4 DBY
He openeth a shaft far from the inhabitants [of the earth]: forgotten of the foot, they hang suspended; away below men they hover.
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Job 28:4 MSG
Far from civilization, far from the traffic, they cut a shaft, and are lowered into it by ropes.
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Job 28:4 WBT
The flood breaketh out from the inhabitant: [even the waters] forgotten by the foot: they are dried up, they have gone away from men.
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Job 28:4 TMB
The flood breaketh out from the inhabitant, even the waters forgotten by the foot; they are dried up, they are gone away from men.
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Job 28:4 TNIV
Far from human dwellings they cut a shaft, in places untouched by human feet; far from other people they dangle and sway.
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Job 28:4 WEB
He breaks open a shaft away from where people live. They are forgotten by the foot. They hang far from men, they swing back and forth.
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Job 28:4 WYC
from the people going in pilgrimage; it parteth those hills, which the foot of a needy man forgat, and hills without (a) way. (The stream departeth from the people going in pilgrimage; it parteth those hills, which the foot of the needy forgot, and the hills be without a way.)
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Job 28:4 YLT
A stream hath broken out from a sojourner, Those forgotten of the foot, They were low, from man they wandered.
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Job 28 Commentary - Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Concise)

Chapter 28

Concerning wordly wealth. (1-11) Wisdom is of inestimable value. (12-19) Wisdom is the gift of God. (20-28)

Verses 1-11 Job maintained that the dispensations of Providence were regulated by the highest wisdom. To confirm this, he showed of what a great deal of knowledge and wealth men may make themselves masters. The caverns of the earth may be discovered, but not the counsels of Heaven. Go to the miners, thou sluggard in religion, consider their ways, and be wise. Let their courage and diligence in seeking the wealth that perishes, shame us out of slothfulness and faint-heartedness in labouring for the true riches. How much better is it to get wisdom than gold! How much easier, and safer! Yet gold is sought for, but grace neglected. Will the hopes of precious things out of the earth, so men call them, though really they are paltry and perishing, be such a spur to industry, and shall not the certain prospect of truly precious things in heaven be much more so?

Verses 12-19 Job here speaks of wisdom and understanding, the knowing and enjoying of God and ourselves. Its worth is infinitely more than all the riches in this world. It is a gift of the Holy Ghost which cannot be bought with money. Let that which is most precious in God's account, be so in ours. Job asks after it as one that truly desired to find it, and despaired of finding it any where but in God; any way but by Divine revelation.

Verses 20-28 There is a two-fold wisdom; one hid in God, which is secret, and belongs not to us; the other made known by him, and revealed to man. One day's events, and one man's affairs, have such reference to, and so hang one upon another, that He only, to whom all is open, and who sees the whole at one view, can rightly judge of every part. But the knowledge of God's revealed will is within our reach, and will do us good. Let man look upon this as his wisdom, To fear the Lord, and to depart from evil. Let him learn that, and he is learned enough. Where is this wisdom to be found? The treasures of it are hid in Christ, revealed by the word, received by faith, through the Holy Ghost. It will not feed pride or vanity, or amuse our vain curiosity. It teaches and encourages sinners to fear the Lord, and to depart from evil, in the exercise of repentance and faith, without desiring to solve all difficulties about the events of this life.

Job 28 Commentary - Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible

CHAPTER 28

Job 28:1-28 . JOB'S SPEECH CONTINUED.

In the twenty-seventh chapter Job had tacitly admitted that the statement of the friends was often true, that God vindicated His justice by punishing the wicked here; but still the affliction of the godly remained unexplained. Man has, by skill, brought the precious metals from their concealment. But the Divine Wisdom, which governs human affairs, he cannot similarly discover ( Job 28:12 , &c.). However, the image from the same metals ( Job 23:10 ) implies Job has made some way towards solving the riddle of his life; namely, that affliction is to him as the refining fire is to gold.

1. vein--a mine, from which it goes forth, Hebrew, "is dug."
place for gold--a place where gold may be found, which men refine. Not as English Version, "A place--where," ( Malachi 3:3 ). Contrasted with gold found in the bed and sand of rivers, which does not need refining; as the gold dug from a mine does. Golden ornaments have been found in Egypt, of the times of Joseph.

2. brass--that is, copper; for brass is a mixed metal of copper and zinc, of modern invention. Iron is less easily discovered, and wrought, than copper; therefore copper was in common use long before iron. Copper-stone is called "cadmium" by PLINY [Natural History, 34:1; 36:21]. Iron is fitly said to be taken out of the "earth" (dust), for ore looks like mere earth.

3. "Man makes an end of darkness," by exploring the darkest depths (with torches).
all perfection--rather, carries out his search to the utmost perfection; most thoroughly searches the stones of darkness and of the shadow of death (thickest gloom); that is, the stones, whatever they be, embedded in the darkest bowels of the earth [UMBREIT] ( Job 26:10 ).

4. Three hardships in mining: 1. "A stream (flood) breaks out at the side of the stranger"; namely, the miner, a strange newcomer into places heretofore unexplored; his surprise at the sudden stream breaking out beside him is expressed (English Version, "from the inhabitant"). 2. "Forgotten (unsupported) by the foot they hang," namely, by ropes, in descending. In the Hebrew, "Lo there" precedes this clause, graphically placing it as if before the eyes. "The waters" is inserted by English Version. "Are dried up," ought to be, "hang," "are suspended." English Version perhaps understood, waters of whose existence man was previously unconscious, and near which he never trod; and yet man's energy is such, that by pumps, &c., he soon causes them to "dry up and go away" [So HERDER]. 3. "Far away from men, they move with uncertain step"; they stagger; not "they are gone" [UMBREIT].

5. Its fertile surface yields food; and yet "beneath it is turned up as it were with fire." So PLINY [Natural History, 33] observes on the ingratitude of man who repays the debt he owes the earth for food, by digging out its bowels. "Fire" was used in mining [UMBREIT]. English Version is simpler, which means precious stones which glow like fire; and so Job 28:6 follows naturally ( Ezekiel 28:14 ).

6. Sapphires are found in alluvial soil near rocks and embedded in gneiss. The ancients distinguished two kinds: 1. The real, of transparent blue: 2. That improperly so called, opaque, with gold spots; that is, lapis lazuli. To the latter, looking like gold dust, UMBREIT refers "dust of gold." English Version better, "The stones of the earth are, &c., and the clods of it (Vulgate) are gold"; the parallel clauses are thus neater.

7. fowl--rather, "ravenous bird," or "eagle," which is the most sharp-sighted of birds ( Isaiah 46:11 ). A vulture will spy a carcass at an amazing distance. The miner penetrates the earth by a way unseen by birds of keenest sight.

8. lion's whelps--literally, "the sons of pride," that is, the fiercest beasts.
passed--The Hebrew implies the proud gait of the lion. The miner ventures where not even the fierce lion dares to go in pursuit of his prey.

9. rock--flint. He puts forth his hand to cleave the hardest rock.
by the roots--from their foundations, by undermining them.

10. He cuts channels to drain off the waters, which hinder his mining; and when the waters are gone, he he is able to see the precious things in the earth.

11. floods--"He restrains the streams from weeping"; a poetical expression for the trickling subterranean rills, which impede him; answering to the first clause of Job 28:10 ; so also the two latter clauses in each verse correspond.

12. Can man discover the Divine Wisdom by which the world is governed, as he can the treasures hidden in the earth? Certainly not. Divine Wisdom is conceived as a person ( Job 28:12-27 ) distinct from God ( Job 28:23 ; also in Proverbs 8:23 Proverbs 8:27 ). The Almighty Word, Jesus Christ, we know now, is that Wisdom. The order of the world was originated and is maintained by the breathing forth (Spirit) of Wisdom, unfathomable and unpurchasable by man. In Job 28:28 , the only aspect of it, which relates to, and may be understood by, man, is stated.
understanding--insight into the plan of the divine government.

13. Man can fix no price upon it, as it is nowhere to be found in man's abode ( Isaiah 38:11 ). Job implies both its valuable worth, and the impossibility of buying it at any price.

15. Not the usual word for "gold"; from a Hebrew root, "to shut up" with care; that is, purest gold ( 1 Kings 6:20 , Margin).
weighed--The precious metals were weighed out before coining was known ( Genesis 23:16 ).

16. gold of Ophir--the most precious
onyx--( Genesis 2:12 ). More valued formerly than now. The term is Greek, meaning "thumb nail," from some resemblance in color. The Arabic denotes, of two colors, white preponderating.

17. crystal--Or else glass, if then known, very costly. From a root, "to be transparent."
jewels--rather, "vessels."

18. Red coral ( Ezekiel 27:16 ).
pearls--literally, "what is frozen." Probably crystal; and Job 28:17 will then be glass.
rubies--UMBREIT translates "pearls" (see Lamentations 4:1 , Proverbs 3:15 ). The Urim and Thummim, the means of consulting God by the twelve stones on the high priest's breastplate, "the stones of the sanctuary" ( Lamentations 4:1 ), have their counterpart in this chapter; the precious stones symbolizing the "light" and "perfection" of the divine wisdom.

19. Ethiopia--Cush in the Hebrew. Either Ethiopia, or the south of Arabia, near the Tigris.

20. Job 28:12 repeated with great force.

21. None can tell whence or where, seeing it, &c.
fowls--The gift of divination was assigned by the heathen especially to birds. Their rapid flight heavenwards and keen sight originated the superstition. Job may allude to it. Not even the boasted divination of birds has an insight into it ( Ecclesiastes 10:20 ). But it may merely mean, as in Job 28:7 , It escapes the eye of the most keen-sighted bird.

22. That is, the abodes of destruction and of the dead. "Death" put for Sheol ( Job 30:23 , 26:6 , Psalms 9:13 ).
We have [only] heard--the report of her. We have not seen her. In the land of the living ( Job 28:13 ) the workings of Wisdom are seen, though not herself. In the regions of the dead she is only heard of, her actings on nature not being seen ( Ecclesiastes 9:10 ).

23. God hath, and is Himself, wisdom.

24. "Seeth (all that is) under," &c.

25. God has adjusted the weight of the winds, so seemingly imponderable, lest, if too weighty, or too light, injury should be caused. He measureth out the waters, fixing their bounds, with wisdom as His counsellor ( Proverbs 8:27-31 Isaiah 40:12 ).

26. The decree regulating at what time and place, and in what quantity, the rain should fall.
a way--through the parted clouds ( Job 38:25 , Zechariah 10:1 ).

27. declare--manifest her, namely, in His works ( Psalms 19:1 Psalms 19:2 ). So the approval bestowed by the Creator on His works ( Genesis 1:10 Genesis 1:31 ); compare the "rejoicing" of wisdom at the same ( Proverbs 8:30 ; which UMBREIT translates; "I was the skilful artificer by His side").
prepared--not created, for wisdom is from everlasting ( Proverbs 8:22-31 ); but "established" her as Governor of the world.
searched . . . out--examined her works to see whether she was adequate to the task of governing the world [MAURER].

28. Rather, "But unto man," &c. My wisdom is that whereby all things are governed; Thy wisdom is in fearing God and shunning evil, and in feeling assured that My wisdom always acts aright, though thou dost not understand the principle which regulates it; for example, in afflicting the godly ( John 7:17 ). The friends, therefore, as not comprehending the Divine Wisdom, should not infer Job's guilt from his sufferings. Here alone in Job the name of God, Adonai, occurs; "Lord" or "master," often applied to Messiah in Old Testament. Appropriately here, in speaking of the Word or Wisdom, by whom the world was made ( Proverbs 8:22-31 , John 1:3 ; Ecclesiasticus 24:1-34).