The Song of the Vineyard

1 Let me sing for my beloved a song of my love concerning his vineyard: {My beloved had a vineyard} on {a fertile hill}.
References for Isaiah 5:1
    • a 5:1 - Literally "A vineyard was for my beloved"
    • b 5:1 - Literally "a horn of a son of olive oil." The Hebrew for horn, qeren, sounds like the Hebrew for vineyard, kerem
      2 And he dug it and cleared it of stones, and he planted it [with] choice vines, and he built a watchtower in the middle of it, and he even hewed out a wine vat in it, and he waited for [it] to yield grapes-- but it yielded wild grapes.
      References for Isaiah 5:2
        • c 5:2 - Hebrew "vine"
          3 And now, inhabitants of Jerusalem and men of Judah, judge between me and my vineyard.
          References for Isaiah 5:3
            • d 5:3 - Hebrew "man"
              4 What more [was there] to do for my vineyard that I have not done in it? Why did I hope for [it] to yield grapes, and it yielded wild grapes?
              5 And now let me tell you what I myself am about to do to my vineyard. [I will] remove its hedge, and it shall become a devastation. [I will] break down its wall, and it shall become a trampling.
              6 And I will make it a wasteland; it shall not be pruned and hoed, and it shall be overgrown [with] briers and thornbushes. And concerning the clouds, I will command {them not to send} rain down upon it.
              References for Isaiah 5:6
                • e 5:6 - Hebrew "brier"
                • f 5:6 - Hebrew "thornbush"
                • g 5:6 - Literally "from sending"
                  7 For the vineyard of Yahweh of hosts [is] the house of Israel, and the man of Judah [is] the plantation of his delight. [And] he waited for justice, but look! Bloodshed! For righteousness, but look! A cry of distress!
                  References for Isaiah 5:7
                    • h 5:7 - Or "people"
                    • i 5:7 - The Hebrew word, mishpat, sounds like mishpakh in the next line
                    • j 5:7 - The Hebrew word, mishpakh, sounds like mishpat in the previous line
                    • k 5:7 - The Hebrew word, tsedaqah, sounds like tsa`aqah in the next line
                    • l 5:7 - The Hebrew word, tsa`aqah, sounds like tsedaqah in the previous line

                      Woes on the Wicked

                      8 Ah! Those who {join} house with house, they join field together with field until {there is no place} and you are caused to dwell alone in the midst of the land.
                      References for Isaiah 5:8
                        • m 5:8 - Literally "touch"
                        • n 5:8 - Literally "an end of place"
                          9 Yahweh of hosts [said] in my ears: {Surely} many houses shall become a desolation, large and beautiful [ones] without inhabitant.
                          10 For ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and [the] seed of a homer will yield an ephah.
                          References for Isaiah 5:10
                            • o 5:10 - A bath is a liquid measure
                            • p 5:10 - An ephah is a dry measure equal to one-tenth of a homer
                              11 Ah! Those who rise early in the morning, they pursue strong drink. Those who linger in the evening, wine inflames them.
                              12 And [there] will be lyre and harp, tambourine and flute, and wine [at] their feasts, but they do not look at the deeds of Yahweh, and they do not see the work of his hands.
                              References for Isaiah 5:12
                                • q 5:12 - Hebrew "deed"
                                  13 Therefore my people will go into exile without knowledge, [and] their nobles [will be] men of hunger, and their multitude [is] parched [with] thirst.
                                  References for Isaiah 5:13
                                    • r 5:13 - Hebrew "its"
                                    • s 5:13 - Hebrew "noble"
                                    • t 5:13 - Hebrew "its"
                                      14 Therefore Sheol has enlarged its throat, and it has opened wide its mouth without limit, and her nobles will go down, and her multitude, her tumult and those who revel in her.
                                      References for Isaiah 5:14
                                        • u 5:14 - That is, Jerusalem's
                                        • v 5:14 - Hebrew "noble"
                                          15 And humankind is bowed down, and man is brought low, and [the] eyes of [the] haughty are humiliated.
                                          16 But Yahweh of hosts is exalted by justice, and the holy God shows himself holy by righteousness.
                                          17 And then [the] lambs will graze as [in] their pasture, and {fatlings, kids will eat among the sites of ruins.}
                                          References for Isaiah 5:17
                                            • w 5:17 - Following the Septuagint, which reads the Hebrew grym (resident aliens) as gdym (young goats/sheep)
                                            • x 5:17 - Literally "and ruins, fatlings, resident aliens, will eat"
                                              18 Ah! Those who drag iniquity along with the cords of falsehood and sin as with rope of the cart,
                                              19 those who say, "Let him make haste; let him hurry his work so that we may see it and let it draw near and let the plan of the holy one of Israel come so that we may know [it]!"
                                              20 Ah! Those who call evil good and good evil, those who put darkness for light and light for darkness, those who put bitter for sweet and sweet for bitter!
                                              21 Ah! [Those who are] wise in their own eyes and have understanding {in their view}!
                                              References for Isaiah 5:21
                                                • y 5:21 - Literally "before their faces"
                                                  22 Ah! Heroes at drinking wine, and men of capability at mixing strong drink!
                                                  23 Those who acquit the guilty because of a bribe and remove [the] justice of [the] innocent from him.
                                                  24 Therefore as the tongue of fire devours the stubble, and dry grass sinks down [in the] flame, so their root will become like [the] stench, and their blossom will go up like [the] dust. For they have rejected the instruction of Yahweh of hosts, and they have treated the word of the holy one of Israel with contempt.
                                                  25 Therefore {Yahweh's wrath was kindled} against his people, and he stretched out his hand against them and struck them, and the mountains quaked, and their corpses were like refuse in [the] middle of [the] streets.
                                                  References for Isaiah 5:25
                                                    • z 5:25 - Literally "the anger of Yahweh became hot"
                                                    • { 5:25 - Hebrew "it"
                                                    • | 5:25 - Hebrew "it"
                                                    • } 5:25 - Hebrew "corpse"

                                                      Yahweh’s Outstretched Hand

                                                      26 And he will raise a signal for a nation from afar, and he will whistle for it from the end of the earth. And look! It comes quickly, swiftly!
                                                      References for Isaiah 5:26
                                                        • ~ 5:26 - The Hebrew is plural, but the following verses refer to the nation as singular
                                                          27 None [is] weary, and none among him stumbles; none slumbers and none sleeps. And no loincloth on his waist is opened, and no thong of his sandals is drawn away.
                                                          28 Whose arrows are sharp, and all of his bows are bent. The hoofs of his horses are reckoned like flint, and his wheels like the storm wind.
                                                          29 His roaring [is] like the lion, and he roars like young lions. And he growls and seizes his prey, and he carries [it] off, and not one can rescue [it].
                                                          30 And he will roar over him on that day like [the] roaring of [the] sea, and [if] one looks to the land, look! Darkness! Distress! And [the] light grows dark with its clouds.
                                                          References for Isaiah 5:30
                                                            •  5:30 - Presumably the land's