Priests and Their Food

1 Then Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
2 "Tell Aaron and his sons that they must deal respectfully with the {Israelites}' votive offerings, and they must not profane my holy name, which they are consecrating to me; I [am] Yahweh.
3 "Say to them, 'Throughout your generations, any man from any of your offspring who comes near the votive offerings that the {Israelites} consecrate to Yahweh with his uncleanness on him, that person shall be cut off from {before me}; I [am] Yahweh.
4 " '{Anyone} from Aaron's offspring, if he [is] afflicted with a skin disease or a fluid discharge, shall not eat in the sanctuary {until} he is clean; and the one who touches any unclean person or a man from whom an emission of semen goes out,
5 or a man who touches any swarmer that is unclean for him or [who touches] a person who is unclean for him {due to} whatever his uncleanness,
6 a person who touches such a thing shall be unclean until the evening, and he shall not eat from the votive offerings, except [when] he washes his body with water
7 and {the sun sets}, and he shall be clean; then afterward he may eat from the votive offerings, because it [is] his food.
8 He shall not eat a [naturally] dead body or a mangled carcass, {so that he becomes unclean} by it; I [am] Yahweh.
9 " 'And they shall keep my obligation, and they shall not incur guilt because of it, so that they die through it, because they have profaned it; I [am] Yahweh who consecrates them.
10 " '{No stranger shall eat} [the] votive offering; nor shall a temporary resident with a priest or a hired worker eat [the] votive offering.
11 But a priest, if [with] his money he buys a person [as] {his possession}, that one may eat it, and the descendants of his house themselves may eat his food.
12 And a priest's daughter, when {she marries a layman}, she herself may not eat {the votive offering}.
13 But a priest's daughter, when she becomes a widow or divorced or there is no offspring for her, and she returns to her father's house as [in] her childhood, she may eat from her father's food, but {no layman may eat it}.
14 And if a man eats [the] votive offering unintentionally, then he shall add to it a fifth of it, and he shall give the votive offering to the priest.
15 And they shall not profane the {Israelites}' votive offerings that they present to Yahweh,
16 and so cause them, by their eating their votive offerings, to bear guilt requiring a guilt offering, because I [am] Yahweh, who consecrates them.'"

Acceptable Offerings

17 Then Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
18 "Speak to Aaron and to his sons and to all the {Israelites}, and say to them, 'Anyone from the house of Israel or from the alien in Israel who presents his offering for any of their vows or for any of their freewill offerings that they present to Yahweh as a burnt offering,
19 [it must be] without defect {to be acceptable for you}: a male among the cattle, among the sheep, or among the goats.
20 You shall not present any [animal] in which [is] a physical defect, because it shall not be {acceptable} for you.
21 And if anyone brings a sacrifice of fellowship offerings for Yahweh to fulfill a vow or as a freewill offering from the cattle or from the flock, it must be without defect {to be acceptable}; there must not be any physical defect in it.
22 [The] blind or [the] injured or [the] maimed or [the] seeping or [one with a] skin disorder or [one with a] skin eruption--these you shall not present to Yahweh, nor shall you give from them an offering made by fire on the altar for Yahweh.
23 As for an ox or sheep that is deformed or that is stunted, you may present it [as] a freewill offering, but for a vow it will not be accepted.
24 And you shall not present [anything] for Yahweh [with] bruised or shattered or torn or cut-off [testicles], and you shall not {sacrifice} [such] in your land.
25 And you shall not present your God's food from any of these by the hand of {a foreigner}, because their deformity [is] in them; a physical defect [is] in them; they shall not be accepted for you.'"
26 Then Yahweh spoke to Moses, saying,
27 "When an ox or a sheep or a goat is born, then it shall be under its mother [for] seven days, and from the eighth day and beyond it is acceptable as an offering made by fire for Yahweh.
28 And you shall not slaughter an ox or a sheep and {its young} on {the same day}.
29 And when you sacrifice a sacrifice of thanksgiving to Yahweh, you must sacrifice [it] to be acceptable for you.
30 It must be eaten on that day; you must not leave over [anything] from it until morning; I [am] Yahweh.
31 "Thus you shall keep my commands, and you shall do them; I [am] Yahweh.
32 "And you shall not profane my holy name, so that I may be consecrated in the midst of the {Israelites}; I [am] Yahweh, who consecrates you,
33 the one who brought you out from the land of Egypt to be as God for you; I [am] Yahweh."