Introduction to the Sermon on the Mount

1 Now when Jesus saw the crowds, he went up on a mountainside and sat down. His disciples came to him,

References for Matthew 5:1

      The Beatitudes

      2 and he began to teach them. He said:

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          3 “Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

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          4 Blessed are those who mourn, for they will be comforted.

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          5 Blessed are the meek, for they will inherit the earth.

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          6 Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they will be filled.

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          7 Blessed are the merciful, for they will be shown mercy.

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          8 Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.
          9 Blessed are the peacemakers, for they will be called children of God.

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          10 Blessed are those who are persecuted because of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven.

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          11 “Blessed are you when people insult you, persecute you and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of me.

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          12 Rejoice and be glad, because great is your reward in heaven, for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you.

          Salt and Light

          13 “You are the salt of the earth. But if the salt loses its saltiness, how can it be made salty again? It is no longer good for anything, except to be thrown out and trampled underfoot.

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          14 “You are the light of the world. A town built on a hill cannot be hidden.

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          15 Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives light to everyone in the house.

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          16 In the same way, let your light shine before others, that they may see your good deeds and glorify your Father in heaven.

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          The Fulfillment of the Law

          17 “Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.

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          18 For truly I tell you, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.
          19 Therefore anyone who sets aside one of the least of these commands and teaches others accordingly will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.

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          20 For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.

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          Murder

          21 “You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, ‘You shall not murder,aand anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.’

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          22 But I tell you that anyone who is angry with a brother or sisterbcwill be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to a brother or sister, ‘Raca,’dis answerable to the court. And anyone who says, ‘You fool!’ will be in danger of the fire of hell.

          References for Matthew 5:22

            • w 5:22 - The Greek word for "brother or sister" ("adelphos" ) refers here to a fellow disciple, whether man or woman; also in verse 23.
            • x 5:22 - Some manuscripts "brother or sister without cause"
            • y 5:22 - An Aramaic term of contempt
              23 “Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother or sister has something against you,
              24 leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to them; then come and offer your gift.
              25 “Settle matters quickly with your adversary who is taking you to court. Do it while you are still together on the way, or your adversary may hand you over to the judge, and the judge may hand you over to the officer, and you may be thrown into prison.
              26 Truly I tell you, you will not get out until you have paid the last penny.