Matthew 5:20-48 NIV

20 For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.1

References for Matthew 5:20


5:25,26pp -- Lk 12:58,59

21 "You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not murder,a2 and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.'

References for Matthew 5:21

22 But I tell you that anyone who is angry3 with his brotherb will be subject to judgment.4 Again, anyone who says to his brother, 'Raca,c ' is answerable to the Sanhedrin.5 But anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be in danger of the fire of hell.6

References for Matthew 5:22

    • b 5:22 - Some manuscripts "brother without cause"
    • c 5:22 - An Aramaic term of contempt
      23 "Therefore, if you are offering your gift at the altar and there remember that your brother has something against you,
      24 leave your gift there in front of the altar. First go and be reconciled to your brother; then come and offer your gift.
      25 "Settle matters quickly with your adversary who is taking you to court. Do it while you are still with him on the way, or he may hand you over to the judge, and the judge may hand you over to the officer, and you may be thrown into prison.
      26 I tell you the truth, you will not get out until you have paid the last penny.d

      References for Matthew 5:26

        • d 5:26 - Greek "kodrantes"


          27 "You have heard that it was said, 'Do not commit adultery.'e7

          References for Matthew 5:27

          28 But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.8

          References for Matthew 5:28

          29 If your right eye causes you to sin,9 gouge it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell.

          References for Matthew 5:29

          30 And if your right hand causes you to sin,10 cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to go into hell.

          References for Matthew 5:30

            • 34 5:30 - S ver 29


              31 "It has been said, 'Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.'f11

              References for Matthew 5:31

              32 But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become an adulteress, and anyone who marries the divorced woman commits adultery.12

              References for Matthew 5:32


              33 "Again, you have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not break your oath,13 but keep the oaths you have made to the Lord.'14

              References for Matthew 5:33

              34 But I tell you, Do not swear at all:15 either by heaven, for it is God's throne;16

              References for Matthew 5:34

              35 or by the earth, for it is his footstool; or by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the Great King.17

              References for Matthew 5:35

              36 And do not swear by your head, for you cannot make even one hair white or black.
              37 Simply let your 'Yes' be 'Yes,' and your 'No,' 'No';18 anything beyond this comes from the evil one.19

              References for Matthew 5:37

              An Eye for an Eye

              38 "You have heard that it was said, 'Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.'g20

              References for Matthew 5:38

                • g 5:38 - Exodus 21:24; Lev. 24:20; Deut. 19:21
                  39 But I tell you, Do not resist an evil person. If someone strikes you on the right cheek, turn to him the other also.21

                  References for Matthew 5:39

                  40 And if someone wants to sue you and take your tunic, let him have your cloak as well.
                  41 If someone forces you to go one mile, go with him two miles.
                  42 Give to the one who asks you, and do not turn away from the one who wants to borrow from you.22

                  References for Matthew 5:42

                  Love for Enemies

                  43 "You have heard that it was said, 'Love your neighborh23 and hate your enemy.'24

                  References for Matthew 5:43

                  44 But I tell you: Love your enemiesi and pray for those who persecute you,25

                  References for Matthew 5:44

                    • i 5:44 - Some late manuscripts "enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you"
                      45 that you may be sons26 of your Father in heaven. He causes his sun to rise on the evil and the good, and sends rain on the righteous and the unrighteous.27

                      References for Matthew 5:45

                      46 If you love those who love you, what reward will you get?28 Are not even the tax collectors doing that?

                      References for Matthew 5:46

                      47 And if you greet only your brothers, what are you doing more than others? Do not even pagans do that?
                      48 Be perfect, therefore, as your heavenly Father is perfect.29

                      References for Matthew 5:48