Israel Multiplies in Egypt

1 Now these are the 1names of the sons of Israel who came to Egypt with Jacob; they came each one awith his household:
References for Exodus 1:1
2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah;
4 Dan and Naphtali, Gad and Asher.
5 All the bpersons who came from the loins of Jacob were 2seventy cin number, but Joseph was already in Egypt.
References for Exodus 1:5
    • b 1:5 - Lit "souls"
    • c 1:5 - Lit "as to souls"
      6 3Joseph died, and all his brothers and all that generation.
      References for Exodus 1:6
      7 But the sons of Israel 4were fruitful and dincreased greatly, and multiplied, and became exceedingly emighty, so that the land was filled with them.
      References for Exodus 1:7
      8 Now a new 5king arose over Egypt, who did not know Joseph.
      References for Exodus 1:8
      9 6He said to his people, "Behold, the people of the sons of Israel are fmore and mightier than we.
      References for Exodus 1:9
        • f 1:9 - Or "too many and too mighty for us"
          10 "Come, let us 7deal wisely with them, or else they will multiply and gin the event * * of war, they will also join themselves to those who hate us, and fight against us and hdepart from the land."
          References for Exodus 1:10
            • g 1:10 - Lit "it came about when war befalls that"
            • h 1:10 - Lit "go up from"
              12 But the more they afflicted them, 12the more they multiplied and the more they jspread out, so that they were in dread of the sons of Israel.
              References for Exodus 1:12
                • j 1:12 - Lit "broke forth"
                  13 The Egyptians compelled the sons of Israel 13to labor rigorously;
                  References for Exodus 1:13
                  14 and they made 14their lives bitter with hard labor in mortar and bricks and at all kinds of labor in the field, all their labors which they rigorously kimposed on them.
                  References for Exodus 1:14
                  15 Then the king of Egypt spoke to the Hebrew midwives, one of whom lwas named Shiphrah and the other mwas named Puah;
                  References for Exodus 1:15
                    • l 1:15 - Lit "the name was"
                    • m 1:15 - Lit "the name was"
                      16 and he said, "When you are helping the Hebrew women to give birth and see them upon the birthstool, 15if it is a son, then you shall put him to death; but if it is a daughter, then she shall live."
                      References for Exodus 1:16
                      17 But the midwives n16feared God, and 17did not do as the king of Egypt had ocommanded them, but let the boys live.
                      References for Exodus 1:17
                        • n 1:17 - Or "revered"
                        • o 1:17 - Lit "spoken to"
                          18 So the king of Egypt called for the midwives and said to them, "Why have you done this thing, and let the boys live?"
                          19 The midwives said to Pharaoh, "Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are vigorous and give birth before the midwife pcan get to them."
                          References for Exodus 1:19
                            • p 1:19 - Lit "comes to"
                              20 So 18God was good to the midwives, and 19the people multiplied, and became very qmighty.
                              References for Exodus 1:20
                              21 Because the midwives r20feared God, He s21established thouseholds for them.
                              References for Exodus 1:21
                                • r 1:21 - Or "revered"
                                • s 1:21 - Lit "made"
                                • t 1:21 - Or "families"
                                  22 Then Pharaoh commanded all his people, saying, "22Every son who is born uyou are to cast into 23the Nile, and every daughter you are to keep alive."
                                  References for Exodus 1:22
                                    • u 1:22 - Some versions insert "to the Hebrews"