2 "Gather together and hear, O sons of Jacob; And 1listen to Israel your father.

References for Genesis 49:2

3 "Reuben, you are my firstborn; My might and 2the beginning of my strength, Preeminent in dignity and preeminent in power.

References for Genesis 49:3

    • b 49:3 - Lit "preeminence"
    • c 49:3 - Lit "preeminence"
      4 "Uncontrolled as water, you shall not have preeminence, 3Because you went up to your father's bed; Then you defiled it -he went up to my couch.

      References for Genesis 49:4

        • d 49:4 - Or "Boiling over;" lit "Recklessness"
          5 "4Simeon and Levi are brothers; Their swords are implements of violence.

          References for Genesis 49:5

          6 "5Let my soul not enter into their council; Let not my glory be united with their assembly; Because in their anger they slew men, And in their self-will they lamed oxen.

          References for Genesis 49:6

            • e 49:6 - Lit "a man"
            • f 49:6 - Lit "an ox"
              7 "Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce; And their wrath, for it is cruel. 6I will disperse them in Jacob, And scatter them in Israel.

              References for Genesis 49:7

              8 "Judah, your brothers shall praise you; Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies; 7Your father's sons shall bow down to you.

              References for Genesis 49:8

              9 "Judah is a 8lion's whelp; From the prey, my son, you have gone up. 9He couches, he lies down as a lion, And as a lion, who dares rouse him up?

              References for Genesis 49:9

                • h 49:9 - Lit "bows down"
                • i 49:9 - Or "lioness"
                • j 49:9 - Lit "shall"
                  10 "10The scepter shall not depart from Judah, Nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, Until * Shiloh comes, And 11to him shall be the obedience of the peoples.

                  References for Genesis 49:10

                    • k 49:10 - Or "Until he comes to Shiloh;" or "Until he comes to whom it belongs"
                      11 "12He ties his foal to the vine, And his donkey's colt to the choice vine; 13He washes his garments in wine, And his robes in the blood of grapes.

                      References for Genesis 49:11

                      12 "His eyes are dull from wine, And his teeth white from milk.

                      References for Genesis 49:12

                        • m 49:12 - Or "darker than"
                        • n 49:12 - Or "whiter than"
                          13 "14Zebulun will dwell at the seashore *; And he shall be a haven for ships, And his flank shall be toward Sidon.

                          References for Genesis 49:13

                            • o 49:13 - Lit "for a shore of ships"
                              14 "Issachar is a strong donkey, 15Lying down between the sheepfolds.

                              References for Genesis 49:14

                                • p 49:14 - Lit "a donkey of bone"
                                • q 49:14 - Or "saddlebags"
                                  15 "When he saw that a resting place was good And that the land was pleasant, He bowed his shoulder to bear burdens, And became a slave at forced labor.
                                  16 "16Dan shall 17judge his people, As one of the tribes of Israel.

                                  References for Genesis 49:16

                                  17 "Dan shall be a serpent in the way, A horned snake in the path, That bites the horse's heels, So that his rider falls backward.
                                  18 "18For Your salvation I wait, O LORD.
                                  19 "19As for Gad, raiders shall raid him, But he will raid at their heels.

                                  References for Genesis 49:19

                                    • r 49:19 - Lit "a raiding band"
                                    • s 49:19 - Lit "heel"
                                      20 "20As for 21Asher, his food shall be rich, And he will yield royal dainties.

                                      References for Genesis 49:20

                                          21 "22Naphtali is a doe let loose, He gives beautiful words.

                                          References for Genesis 49:21

                                          22 "23Joseph is a fruitful bough, A fruitful bough by a spring; Its branches run over a wall.

                                          References for Genesis 49:22

                                              23 "The archers * bitterly attacked him, And shot at him and harassed him;
                                              24 But his 24bow remained firm, And 25his arms were agile, From the hands of the 26Mighty One of Jacob (From there is 27the Shepherd, 28the Stone of Israel ),

                                              References for Genesis 49:24

                                                • z 49:24 - I.e. in an unyielding position
                                                • { 49:24 - Lit "the arms of his hands"
                                                  25 From 29the God of your father who helps you, And 30by the Almighty who blesses you With 31blessings of heaven above *, Blessings of the deep that lies beneath, Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.

                                                  References for Genesis 49:25

                                                  26 "The blessings of your father Have surpassed the blessings of my ancestors Up to the utmost bound of 32the everlasting hills; May they be on the head of Joseph, And on the crown of the head of the one distinguished among his brothers.

                                                  References for Genesis 49:26

                                                    • ~ 49:26 - Lit "limit;" or "desire"
                                                      27 "Benjamin is a ravenous wolf; In the morning he devours the prey, And in the evening he divides the spoil."

                                                      References for Genesis 49:27

                                                        •  49:27 - Lit "a wolf that tears"