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Isaiah 28 NAS

Ephraim's Captivity Predicted

1 Woe to the proud crown of the 1drunkards of 2Ephraim, And to the fading flower of its glorious beauty, Which is at the head of the fertile valley Of those who are overcome with wine!

References for Isaiah 28:1

    • a 28:1 - Lit "valley of fatness"
    • b 28:1 - Lit "smitten"
      2 Behold, the Lord has a strong and 3mighty agent; As a storm of 4hail, a tempest of destruction, Like a storm of 5mighty overflowing waters, He has cast it down to the earth with His hand.

      References for Isaiah 28:2

      3 The proud crown of the drunkards of Ephraim is 6trodden under foot.

      References for Isaiah 28:3

      4 And the fading flower of its glorious beauty, Which is at the head of the fertile valley, Will be like the 7first-ripe fig prior to summer, Which one sees, And as soon as it is in his hand, He swallows it.

      References for Isaiah 28:4

        • c 28:4 - Lit "valley of fatness"
        • d 28:4 - Lit "the one seeing sees"
        • e 28:4 - Lit "while it is yet"
        • f 28:4 - Lit "palm"
          5 In that day the 8LORD of hosts will become a beautiful 9crown And a glorious diadem to the remnant of His people;

          References for Isaiah 28:5

          6 A 10spirit of justice for him who sits in judgment, A 11strength to those who repel the onslaught at the gate.

          References for Isaiah 28:6

          7 And these also 12reel with wine and stagger from strong drink: 13The priest and 14the prophet reel with strong drink, They are confused by wine, they stagger from 15strong drink; They reel while having 16visions, They totter when rendering judgment.

          References for Isaiah 28:7

          8 For all the tables are full of filthy 17vomit, without a single clean place.

          References for Isaiah 28:8

          9 "To 18whom would He teach knowledge, And to whom would He interpret the message? Those just 19weaned from milk? Those just taken from the breast?

          References for Isaiah 28:9

          10 "For He says, '20Order on order, order on order, Line on line, line on line, A little here, a little there.' "

          References for Isaiah 28:10

            • i 28:10 - Heb "Sav lasav, sav lasav, Kav lakav, kav lakav, Ze' er sham, ze' er sham" These Hebrew monosyllables, imitating the babbling of a child, mock the prophet's preaching
              11 Indeed, He will speak to this people Through 21stammering lips and a foreign tongue,

              References for Isaiah 28:11

              12 He who said to them, "Here is 22rest, give rest to the weary," And, "Here is repose," but they would not listen.

              References for Isaiah 28:12

              13 So the word of the LORD to them will be, "Order on order, order on order, Line on line, line on line, A little here, a little there," That they may go and 23stumble backward, be broken, snared and taken captive.

              References for Isaiah 28:13

                • j 28:13 - V 10, note 1 The LORD responds to their scoffing by imitating their mockery, to represent the unintelligible language of a conqueror

                  Judah Is Warned

                  14 Therefore, 24hear the word of the LORD, O 25scoffers *, Who rule this people who are in Jerusalem,

                  References for Isaiah 28:14

                  15 Because you have said, "We have made a 26covenant with death, And with Sheol we have made a pact. 27The overwhelming scourge will not reach us when it passes by, For we have made 28falsehood our refuge and we have 29concealed ourselves with deception."

                  References for Isaiah 28:15

                    • k 28:15 - I.e. the nether world
                    • l 28:15 - So some ancient versions; Heb "seer"
                    • m 28:15 - Or "flood"
                      16 Therefore thus says the Lord GOD, "30Behold, I am laying in Zion a stone, a tested 31stone, A costly cornerstone for the foundation, firmly placed. He who believes in it will not be disturbed.

                      References for Isaiah 28:16

                        • n 28:16 - Heb "YHWH," usually rendered LORD
                        • o 28:16 - Lit "well-laid"
                        • p 28:16 - Lit "in a hurry"
                          17 "I will make 32justice the measuring line And righteousness the level; Then 33hail will sweep away the refuge of lies And the waters will overflow the secret place.

                          References for Isaiah 28:17

                          18 "Your 34covenant with death will be 35canceled, And your pact with Sheol will not stand; When the 36overwhelming scourge passes through, Then you become its 37trampling place.

                          References for Isaiah 28:18

                            • q 28:18 - Lit "covered over"
                              19 "As 38often as it passes through, it will seize you; For 39morning after morning it will pass through, anytime during the day or night, And it will be sheer 40terror to understand what it means."

                              References for Isaiah 28:19

                                • r 28:19 - Lit "take"
                                • s 28:19 - Lit "only"
                                • t 28:19 - Lit "the report," or, "the message"
                                  20 The bed is too short on which to stretch out, And the 41blanket is too small to wrap oneself in.

                                  References for Isaiah 28:20

                                      21 For the LORD will rise up as at Mount 42Perazim, He will be stirred up as in the valley of 43Gibeon, To do His 44task, His 45unusual task, And to work His work, His extraordinary work.

                                      References for Isaiah 28:21

                                        • v 28:21 - Lit "task is strange"
                                        • w 28:21 - Lit "work is alien"
                                          22 And now do not carry on as 46scoffers, Or your fetters will be made stronger; For I have heard from the Lord GOD of hosts Of decisive 47destruction on all the earth.

                                          References for Isaiah 28:22

                                            • x 28:22 - Heb "YHWH," usually rendered LORD
                                              23 Give ear and hear my voice, Listen and hear my words.
                                              24 Does the farmer plow continually * to plant seed? Does he continually turn and harrow the ground?

                                              References for Isaiah 28:24

                                                  25 Does he not level its surface And sow dill and scatter 48cummin And plant 49wheat in rows, Barley in its place and rye within its area?

                                                  References for Isaiah 28:25

                                                      26 For his God instructs and teaches him properly.
                                                      27 For dill is not threshed with a 50threshing sledge, Nor is the cartwheel driven over cummin; But dill is beaten out with a rod, and cummin with a club.

                                                      References for Isaiah 28:27

                                                          28 Grain for bread is crushed, Indeed, he does not continue to thresh it forever. Because the wheel of his cart and his horses eventually damage it, He does not thresh it longer.

                                                          References for Isaiah 28:28

                                                            •  28:28 - Lit "discomfit"
                                                              29 This also comes from the LORD of hosts, Who has made His counsel 51wonderful and His wisdom 52great.

                                                              References for Isaiah 28:29

                                                              Study tools for Isaiah 28

                                                              • a 28:1 - Lit "valley of fatness"
                                                              • b 28:1 - Lit "smitten"
                                                              • c 28:4 - Lit "valley of fatness"
                                                              • d 28:4 - Lit "the one seeing sees"
                                                              • e 28:4 - Lit "while it is yet"
                                                              • f 28:4 - Lit "palm"
                                                              • g 28:6 - Lit "battle"
                                                              • h 28:7 - Lit "seeing"
                                                              • i 28:10 - Heb "Sav lasav, sav lasav, Kav lakav, kav lakav, Ze' er sham, ze' er sham" These Hebrew monosyllables, imitating the babbling of a child, mock the prophet's preaching
                                                              • j 28:13 - V 10, note 1 The LORD responds to their scoffing by imitating their mockery, to represent the unintelligible language of a conqueror
                                                              • k 28:15 - I.e. the nether world
                                                              • l 28:15 - So some ancient versions; Heb "seer"
                                                              • m 28:15 - Or "flood"
                                                              • n 28:16 - Heb "YHWH," usually rendered LORD
                                                              • o 28:16 - Lit "well-laid"
                                                              • p 28:16 - Lit "in a hurry"
                                                              • q 28:18 - Lit "covered over"
                                                              • r 28:19 - Lit "take"
                                                              • s 28:19 - Lit "only"
                                                              • t 28:19 - Lit "the report," or, "the message"
                                                              • u 28:20 - Lit "narrow"
                                                              • v 28:21 - Lit "task is strange"
                                                              • w 28:21 - Lit "work is alien"
                                                              • x 28:22 - Heb "YHWH," usually rendered LORD
                                                              • y 28:24 - Lit "plowman"
                                                              • z 28:24 - Lit "all day"
                                                              • { 28:24 - Lit "open"
                                                              • | 28:25 - Lit "put"
                                                              • } 28:25 - Lit "region"
                                                              • ~ 28:27 - Lit "rolled"
                                                              •  28:28 - Lit "discomfit"